Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 23, Issue 72

Volume 23, Issue 72, Summer and Autumn 2020


A Comparative Study of the Effect of using the E-Portfolio which Enhanced with Enrichment activities and a File to earn the Physical Education Teaching Method concepts of Students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mosul University

Dhyaa Qasim Alkhayat; Fadha’a Zuhair Sultan

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 1-26
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167127

The research aim to : - Preparation of two educational programs, one of which is a component of the achievement file enhanced with enrichment activities, the file of achievement accompanying the method used. - The concepts of teaching physical education. Research Hypothesis :  There are no statistically significant differences between the average grade of the students of the first experimental group, which is studied according to the achievement file enhanced by the enrichment activities and the average scores of the students of the second experimental group, which is studied according to the achievement file associated with the method used in the concepts of teaching physical education. The sample of the research was randomly selected and consisted of the Division (C- D) and the total number (48).  (22) students were excluded due to absence and postponed for the year or transfer to another university, which were divided into two experimental groups randomly, the first experimental group from Division ( C )   which consist of (26) students, which is taught according to the file of the achievement of the enhanced activities of enrichment, while the second experimental group was represented by Division (D) and the number of students (22) students, which is taught according to the file of achievement in the manner followed, and the equivalence of variables ( The first semester achievement) and adopted the experimental design Equal groups. This requires two groups, one for the first experimental group and the for second experimental group, was an experiment consisting of 12 weeks. Formal evaluation tests were carried out after completion of each unit and for the purpose of reaching the results used statistical bag (spss). Results showed that the first experimental group was superior to the second experimental group. The conclusions were 1 - the achievement file, including the contents reinforced by the enrichment activities win the students of the first experimental group cognitive treasures reflected on their ability to test the concepts of teaching methods compared to their peers from the second experimental group

Effectiveness of the guidance program in the development of self - realization among wrestling players

Essam Mohammed Al Nahi; Suliman AL-Sarraj

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 27-49
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167128

The research aims at:
-Preparation of a psychological guidance program in the development of self-realization among wrestling players.
-Revealing the impact of psychological counseling program in the development of self-realization of wrestling players (experimental group)
The researchers used the experimental method for its suitability with the nature of the research.          The research subject is the wrestling players in the Mosul clubs. The sample of the research was determined from (14) youth wrestling players of the Ninawa Sports Club represented by (70%) of the original research subject (20)  wrestlers for the junior class.The sample was divided by random test according to the draw system into two equal groups (7) players for one group.
The researchers used the Self-Achievement Scale prepared by( Candal an Jones) and translated by (Shehata, 2014) where the scale consist of 15item. The psychological counseling program was applied on  the experimental group for( 5) weeks and two sessions per week and 45 minutes. The researchers used the statistical SPSS to obtain (mean, standard deviation, percentage, test (T) for two independent samples, test (T) for one simple, simple correlation coefficient Pearson), percentage)
The researchers have concluded the following:
-Effectiveness of psychological counseling program prepared by the researchers in the development of self-realization of wrestling plays..
-The experimental group that used the extension program achieved development in the development of self-realization
The researchers recommended the following:
-Allocating specific time from the (guidance lectures) for players including recommendations, advices, instructions and guidance by the trainer during the training modules
-Taking an advantage of this study, which used the psychological counseling program in the development of self-realization in other games.

The effectiveness of a proposed training program for the development of innovative creative practices and creative classroom interaction with the teacher of physical education

Ayad AL- Zubaidi; Duraid Suhail

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 50-64
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167138

The purpose of the research was to uncover the effectiveness of a proposed training program for the development of innovative creative practices and creative classroom interaction for physical education teachers. The researchers used the experimental approach to suitability and the nature of           the research. The research community consists of male and female of physical education in the schools of the governorate working center for the academic year 2017-2018, ) male and female teachers of sport education in the left and right side of the city of Mosul. The sample included (48) male and female teachers (31) male and female teachers of the experimental group, and (17) teachers and teachers of the same scientific qualification, taking into account the factor years of experience  And parity between the two groups in the variables of age in years, the service ).
The training program consisted of (6) theoretical and practical training modules distributed over two weeks, with 3 training units per week in each training unit. The duration of the training session was 90 minutes. The researchers also constructed a test of creative classroom interaction and interaction According to the scientific steps to build the tests, the researchers prepared the training plans as well as the working papers and the training activities in the sample of the research. The researchers used the computer method and the tools of the statistical method, , equation of Spurman Brown, and the scale of the effect).
The researchers concluded:
1. The experimental group is superior to the control group in the post-test.
2. The effectiveness of the training program in the development of creative and creative classroom interaction for the study of physical education through the values ​​of the calculated effect of the total degree of the pivot of the test of the creative and creative interaction of teachers and teachers of physical education.
The researchers have put recommendations as follows:
1. Adopting the proposed training program for the development of creative classroom interaction and interaction methods for physical education.
2. Adopting the test of innovative classroom creative and interaction practices.
3 - Adoption of the educational material prepared in this regard.

Effect of interval training by using the two ranges of the phosphagen system times in special kinetic abilities in the foil fencing

Ziyad Al Saffar; Ali Alta ae

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 65-90
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167139

The Research aims at:
1. To reveal the difference between the tribal and pre-test groups of the first experimental group in the special Kinetic abilities in foil fencing.
2. To reveal the difference between the two tests of the tribal and the second experimental group in the special Kinetic abilities in foil fencing.
3. Revealing the difference between the two experimental groups in the dimensional test of the special Kinetic abilities of the foil fencing.
             Search procedures:
1. The researchers used the experimental method to suit the nature of the research.
2. The research sample consisted of players practicing the fencing game, which were divided into two experimental groups in the same way as the corresponding pairs with (7) players in each group.
3. The special Kinetic abilities and tests were determined and selected through the analysis of content and opinions of experts.
4. The training curriculum was implemented on the sample of the study which lasted (8) weeks and with (3) units per week, after which the tests were carried out to determine the level in the Kinetic abilities of the special bidders.
5. Use researcher tests and measurements to collect data.
6.Used the researchers (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, T test for independent samples, T test for associated samples, percentage, evolution rate, torsion coefficient, and difference coefficient)
          Conclusions:

The interval training using the time range (3, 4, 5) seconds has led to the development of all the special Kinetic abilities of fencing.
The interval training using the time range (6, 8, 10) seconds has led to the development of all the Kinetic abilities of fencing.
The interval training using both the two-time (3,4,5) seconds and (6, 8, 10) seconds has led to an equal development of all the special Kinetic abilities of fencing.
The effectiveness of training interval in the development of the special  Kinetic abilities of fencing that fall under the time of the first part of the first region (peak capacity, sustaining the peak capacity) of the Phosphagen system (ATP-PC).

Studying sporty positive behavior for Iraqi universities teams players in some sports

Whaleed Thanoon AL Hiyaly; Salih Mahmood AL Hadidy

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 91-111
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167140

The present study aims at:

Building a standard of sporty positive behavior for the teams players of Iraqi universities in some sports.(volleyball- footb fences)
Knowing the standard of sporty positive behavior study for the players of Iraqi universities teams in some sports. (volleyball-futsal)

imbose of the Research:
eamt is a good level of positive behavior for the teams players of Iraqi universities in some sports. (volleyball- futsal)
Researchers used descriptive method in scanning style for the suitability the nature of research, the research contains teams players of Iraqi universities in some sports(volleyball- footb fences ( 889 players ), but the sample of the research contains ( 433 players ) who represent teams players of the Iraqi universities in some sports(volleyball- footb fences .
Researchers ued  the following statistic procedures:
To get results in the present research, researchers used the statistic model ( spss ) and ( Excel ) spreadsheet to get the ( percentages and chi square ) and Mean , Median and ( T ) test for one sample and Pearson Correlation Coefficient , Spearman- brown equation , and Cronbach's Alpha Correlation Coefficient.
 
        The results are :

Building a scale  for the sport positive behavior  which consists of ( 42 ) points and contains ( 5 ) basic cores.
Teams players of Iraqi universities in some sports(volleyball- futsal) can have very good degree in sporty positive behavior.

           According to the results, the two researchers made the following results:

effectineness of standard sporty positive behavior which was built by the researchers to apply on the teams players of Iraqi universities in some sports, and its ability to recognize between players through axes which are relied by the researchers in the present research.
Teams players of Iraqi universities in choral games can have a very good degree in positive behavior.

Recommendations made by the two researchers based on the research results

Making use of the sporty positive behavior scale in order to make comparisons between other mass sports.
Making similar studies on different sporty activities.
Using direction and guidance principle which plays important role to sustain the positive behavior in individuals.
Requesting social institutions including the university to immerse moral values and positive behaviors in students.

Comparative Study of the Effect of Resistance Exercises and Recovery between the Upper and Lower Parts of the Body and a Mixed exercise between them in Growth Hormone

Ahmed Taha; Ahmed Hamed

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 112-126
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167141

The purpose of the study is a comparative study of the effect of exhaustive load for upper and lower limb exercises and mixed exercises on stages of recovery in concentration of Growth Hormone. The sample consisted of (8) students aged (19-26) years and they were subjected to a six-week training program to avoid injuries that occurred during the implementation of the main tests. The main tests consisted of three exhaustive exercises (Bench press exercises for the upper limb), Squat exercises for the lower limb, mixed exercises (Bench press exercises and squat together)), at intensity (70%) and rest interval between the exercise groups consisted of (30) seconds for all exercises, and between the test and the last (72) hours. The growth hormone were measured at rest and recovery, data were processed statistically treated by using (ANOVA) test. When comparing the upper, lower, and mixed exercise, a significant effect was observed in the condition (post-effort, 7 min, 20 min, 30 min), a significant effect was observed in the recovery conditions (post-effort, 7 min, 20 min, 30 min), and  significant effect was observed in the Recovery conditions for upper limbs (Rest-post-effort, 7 min-20 min, 20 min-30 min), The lower limbs (rest-post-effort, 7 min-20 min) and mixed exercise ((rest-post-effort, 20 min-30 min)). These results indicate that the resistance exercises at intensity (70%) and rest (30) seconds between the groups resulted in a significant effect of the study variables in the mixed exercise more than the exercises of the upper and lower limbs, and lower limbs exercises more than the exercises of the upper limbs. In conclusion, study had recommended considering the period of rest between the training modules when training using weights for exercises that based on the lactate system. trainers should take into account the periods of recovery in the competitions that rely on the lactate system as a common system.

Effect of Using The hypothetical Classroom to The Mobile Education Technology in Teaching Some on Floor exercise Skills in Gymnastics

Afrah Thanon Younis; Jeelan Kheder Farman

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 127-140
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167142

The research aims to:
- Revealing the Effect of Using the hypothetical classroom in mobile education technology in the Teaching Some on Floor exercise Skills in Gymnastics.
The researcher designed the Google Classroom website through Google Apps. Then, the researcher invited the professor to communicate with his students in the virtual classroom as well as supervising the follow-up of the implementation of the experiment in the field (classroom professor). The researchers used the experimental method because it suits the research. The research sample was composed of (36) students from the sophomores of the faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Mosul. The sample was randomly divided into two groups experimental and control groups with (18) students per each one. Afterwards, harmonization and equivalence were found between the two groups in the basic variables: age, length, mass and some elements of fitness as well as skillful performance.
             The experiment was carried out for the period from 25.11.2018 to 13.01.2018 with a total of (13) teaching units with two units per week. The post-test for the professional achievement was conducted on 14-15.01.2019 In order to reach the results of the research, the researcher used the statistical bag (SPSS), and the researcher reached the following conclusions:
- The experimental group that used the application of the default classroom of mobile learning technology has surpassed the control group that used the usual method used in the skill collection of some basic floor skills in gymnastics.

Evaluation of the functions of the presidents of referees committees in the football sub-associations from the point of view of the working referees

Riad Ahmed Al-Ashrafi; Rakan Abdul Qadir Al-Qassab

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 141-164
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167143

 The research aims to:
 
 1 - Building a measure of the functions of the presidents of referees committees in the football sub-associations from the point of view of the working referees.               
2 - Recognition of the assessment of the functions of the heads of referees committees in the sub-football associations from the point of view of the working referees.
    The descriptive approach and the survey method were used to suit the nature of the current   research. The research community included (314)rule of (14) international rule and (220) first degree rule and (80) second degree referee, who work in the sub-federations of the Iraqi provinces. The two researchers settled on the first-class referees as a sample to be considered as one of the most active referees in the various competitions organized by the Iraqi Central Football Federation and its sub-federations, as well as 70% of the total number of registered and accredited referees). Arbitrarily chosen arbitrarily from the rulers of the first class, between The final included a sample application (80) judgment. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, the evaluation of the tasks of the heads of the referees' committees in the sub-federations is required from the point of view of the working referees, according to a plan that adopts the scientific procedures for determining the dimensions and drafting the questionnaire paragraphs as a tool for gathering information. Through the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, simple correlation, and T test for two independent samples.
Through the data and results of the final application, the researchers reached the following conclusions:
A - The presidents of the referees in the football federations showed a level (very high) in the application of tasks:
_ Management and control of referees and arbitration in their governorates.
                                             .Implementation of decisions of the Central Referees Committee              - Sponsoring referees' affairs technically  _ 
                   . Raising the level of referees and follow-up weekly
 - exercises
 
B - The presidents of referees committees in the football sub-associations got a (high) level in the implementation of tasks:
.               Sponsorship of administrative affairs_
               - Name of arbitration teams for matches
- _ Social welfare of the rulers.
 
- Recommend sanctions on rulers
 
 1 - Building a measure of the functions of the presidents of referees committees in the football sub-associations from the point of view of the working referees.               
2 - Recognition of the assessment of the functions of the heads of referees committees in the sub-football associations from the point of view of the working referees.
    The descriptive approach and the survey method were used to suit the nature of the current   research. The research community included (314)rule of (14) international rule and (220) first degree rule and (80) second degree referee, who work in the sub-federations of the Iraqi provinces. The two researchers settled on the first-class referees as a sample to be considered as one of the most active referees in the various competitions organized by the Iraqi Central Football Federation and its sub-federations, as well as 70% of the total number of registered and accredited referees). Arbitrarily chosen arbitrarily from the rulers of the first class, between The final included a sample application (80) judgment. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, the evaluation of the tasks of the heads of the referees' committees in the sub-federations is required from the point of view of the working referees, according to a plan that adopts the scientific procedures for determining the dimensions and drafting the questionnaire paragraphs as a tool for gathering information. Through the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, simple correlation, and T test for two independent samples.
Through the data and results of the final application, the researchers reached the following conclusions:
A - The presidents of the referees in the football federations showed a level (very high) in the application of tasks:
_ Management and control of referees and arbitration in their governorates.
                                             .Implementation of decisions of the Central Referees Committee              - Sponsoring referees' affairs technically  _ 
                   . Raising the level of referees and follow-up weekly
 - exercises
 
B - The presidents of referees committees in the football sub-associations got a (high) level in the implementation of tasks:
.               Sponsorship of administrative affairs_
               - Name of arbitration teams for matches
- _ Social welfare of the rulers.
- Recommend sanctions on rulers

The competitive orientation for some players in the teams of the universities of Iraq with futsal and volleyball activities

Mahmood Al Badrani; Abdalaziz Alakidi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 165-177
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167144

The study aimed to:
   - Identify the degree of competitive orientation among the players of the universities of Iraq.
The researchers used the descriptive and correlative approach to its relevance and nature of the research. The research community consisted of (288) players, (156) football players, representing (13) Iraqi universities, and (132) football players representing (11) Iraqi universities.The sample of the research consisted of (80) players representing the players of the universities of Iraq in futsal and volleyball. The researchers used the measure of competitive orientation prepared by (Diana Gel: 1991) and expressed by (Mohammed Hassan Allawi, 1998) as a research tool, the scale was applied to a sample of (50) players representing the players of the universities of Iraq in futsal and volleyball. And the Alfa Kronbach coefficient).      
 The researchers concluded:
- Players of the universities of Iraq fustal and volleyball enjoy a high degree of competitive orientation.
In the light of the research results, the researchers recommended the following:
- The need to urge coaches in directing players to the competitive orientation and work to build and develop with all athletes.
- Conduct competitive orientation studies on other sporting events and different categories in team or team games.

Effects of suggested speed endurance training program in a number biochemical variables after anaerobic effort and recovery for advanced short distance runners

Omer Yousif Khaleel; Yaseen Al-Hajar

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 178-191
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167145

The study shows the role of biochemical variables, which be developed as training adaptation for training program or what is called the internal load adaptation to outer load, and quantifies in the training adaptation and recovery rate after sport achievement using anaerobic training program that aims at developing the speed endurance of sprint runners.
The study aims to show the followings:
1-        Significant differences between the pre and post tests of the functional variables directly  after anaerobic exercise and recovery.
The researchers used the experimental method via the experimental design of pre and post test. The research Sample included (6) male athlete of short distance runners whom they were represent Nineveh athletic team for track and field. The sample was intentionally chosen. Tests, measurements, technical devices and scientific references were used as data collection methods and means. For statistical treatments, the researcher used Mean, Standard Deviation, t. Test. changes% ratio.
Conclusions:
1-   The training program resulted in an increase in the systolic blood pressure and decrease in the diastolic blood pressure between the pre and post immediately after the anaerobic effort for the favor of post test.
2-   Regadles of using low intensity interval training in the suggested anaerobic training program in speed endurance, but it results in observed difference in the performance of Wingate test.  
Recommendations:
1-   Coaches should concentrate on training programs that aims at developing the speed endurance in preparatory and special period of training for short distance runners according to proper scientific basics, taking into consideration using the components of training load that correspond with the abilities and capabilities of athletes.

Organizing the finals of the FIFA World Cup and its role in stimulating sports tourism and enhancing the national economy of the host country "FIFA World Cup 2018 in Russia as a model"

DIYAR FAKHRULDDIN MOHAMMED

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 192-216
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167146

The research aims to study :
The role of organizing the finals of the FIFA World Cupchampionship in stimulating sport tourism and enhancing the national economy of the host country, where the researcher used the descriptive approach in the survey method in order to suit the nature of the research, the research community was chosen from tourists and the beneficiaries of organizing the championship in Russia, as for the research sample It was randomly chosen for (80) individuals from tourists, shop owners, hotel owners, transportation and sports media in some of the cities hosting the championship events. The sample size for the basic study reached (60) individuals, and the researcher used the questionnaire form to collect the Data required, and the application of the researcher and study data processing using a program IBMSPSS Statistics )20) to obtain the following statistical treatments: percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, correlation factor "R" Pearson, alpha stability factor for Cronbach, half-stability stability factor, And testing the Ka-square (Ka-2), and the results showed regarding the general goals of organizing the finals of the World Cup soccer tournament: The tournament organization expresses the extent of mixing sport with culture and education. For athletes and designers of sports festivals, as for the results of the relationship of the organization of the FIFA World Cup tournament with the activation of sport tourism: The organization of the FIFA World Cuptournament is the biggest tourist attraction before, during and after the tournament in the long term, organizing the tournament is an opportunity for the host country to disclose what It possesses monuments and tourist attractions for the world, as well as the results related to strengthening the national economy have shown: The organization of the tournament is a key factor in investing sports facilities established to serve the tournament, the organization of the tournament contributes to the establishment of many hotels and developed housing necessary To establish the members of the joint sports missions in the tournament, and the researcher recommends all relevant parties to organize the finals of the FIFA World Cup tournament to be held in Qatar (2022), the need to apply the results of this study and work with it in order to benefit from the organization of the championship economically by activating Sports tourism and its money has a great impact in increasing the national income of the host country, so we offer you this study as a project that can guide to organize the next championship.

mindfulness of students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul

Manhal Khattab Sultan; Ismael Abdaljabar Salih; Mahmood Al Badrani

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 217-228
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167147

The research aims to Identify the differences in mindfulness between students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul .The Researchers assumed that There is no significant differences in the degree of mindfulness between students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul.
 
       The researchers used the descriptive method with the relational survey method for its suitability and the nature of the present research. The research community included students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul, for the academic year (2018-2019) distributed to the colleges of the University of Mosul and the number (23). The research sample included students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul, who are (250) players who were chosen randomly and to measure mental alertness in the research sample, the researchers adopted a measure of mindfulness among university students (Abdullah, 2013),.The researchers used the necessary scientific foundations Interferometers adapt to suit the nature of the current study population, and the researchers used a range of statistical methods.
The researchers concluded the following:  
- Mosul University students generally have a good Degree of mindfulness.
- The practice of sports activity is a slight change that did not reach the level of significant  in raising mindfulness when comparing students practitioners and non-practitioners, according to the results of the research.
 
The researchers have recommended the following:
- Paying attention to developing the mental capabilities of students who are practicing and not practicing sports activity at the University of Mosul, as they are an important nucleus in society, by working to stimulate the process of scientific research in such areas.
- Knowing the factors that create and increase students' abilities in mindfulness and generate students a kind of complete awareness and awareness

Relationship of some special kinetic abilities with the performance accuracy of spike skill in volleyball

Adnan Hadi Mousa; Atheel Wissam Noa; Salar Salah Bakouz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 229-243
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167148

            The research aims to:
- Knowing the relationship between some special kinetic abilities with the performance accuracy of spike skill for the female players of Qaraqosh Sports Club in volleyball.                                               The researchers used the descriptive method by correlation study style approach due to its suitability and the nature of the research, and the research community was represented by the female players of Qaraqosh Sports Club in volley ball (advanced) for the sports season (2018-2019) and their number is (18) female players, and the research sample included (12) female players. Homogeneity between them was done, researchers used questionnaire forms tests and measurements as tools to reach achievement of research goals. The SPSS statistical package was used to treat the result.                                                                                       
         And the researchers concluded that special kinetic abilities positively affect the accuracy of volleyball’s skill performance through the significant relationships between them. The achievement of the female players to the good level of the variable of the special kinetic abilities as well as the accuracy of their good performance in the skill of spike led to the significant relationship between them. The researchers recommended the necessity of using training and educational programs that are concerned with the variables of special kinetic abilities within the physical, skill, planning and mental preparation programs for the female players of Qaraqosh Sports Club in volleyball.