Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 19, Issue 63

Volume 19, Issue 63, Summer and Autumn 2013, Page 1-392


Comparative study of the Counseling Needs between students in first grade and the fourth grade in the college of sport education in university of mosul

Isam Abdul Ridah; Oday AL-Kwaz; Mohamed Mohamed

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 1-15
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76392

The research aims at:
1. Identify the level of Counseling Needs of the students of physical education in first and fourth grades in university of mosul.
2. Identify the differences between students in first grade and the fourth grade in the Counseling Needs in university of mosul.
the total sample (160) by (80) students from first grade and (80) students from the fourth grade represents the percentage (37.73%) of the research community, Scale of Counseling Needs of which builted by (al maeny 2002) after verifying the face validity and it’s reliability , The mean, percentage and testing of two independent samples was used to process data statistically, and was reached to the following
1. Counseling Needs level the students of physical education in both the first and fourth grades, was redused and have the of problems of (physical, social and family) at come at very low rate and the problems of (academic and emotional) come at low rate.
2. The existence of significant differences between the students of first and fourth grade in the Counseling Needs for the benefit of first grades.

Effects of concurrent and sequential training of maximum strength and oxygen endurance on certain components of the body composition

Abdullah Hassani Ali

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 16-30
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76393

The study aimed at being acquainted with the effects of concurrent and sequential training of maximum strength and oxygen endurance on certain components of the body composition in addition to the differences between those two types of the training at the post test for the same variables.
The experimental method was used. The study conducted on a sample of 20 subjects from the "Athletic Qaraqush Club". The sample divided into two groups with 10 subjects each. The homogeneity and equality were achieved in variables of age, high, weight and certain components of the body composition.
The procedure of the study included determining the maximum intensities of the endurance and external weights for setting the intensities that will be used in the trainings. Two pilot studies were conducted. The first one was for the adopted exercise in the study and the second one was for conducting a training session.
After that, the final field procedures were applied which started at pre tests of the body composition components followed by applying the two curricula of the concurrent and sequential trainings which lasted 9 weeks with 3 meso cycles. Each meso cycle included 3 micro cycles with (2:1) workload wave and with 3 training sessions per a week for the concurrent training and 6 training sessions per a week for the sequential one. Finally, the posts tests were conducted using the same procedure for the pre tests.
After using the SPSS package to process the data, the conclusions were as the following:
 The first experimental group, which applied the concurrent training, significantly decreased the fat weight and significantly increased the body weight.
 The second experimental group, which applied the sequential training, significantly decreased the fat weight and significantly increased the free fat weight, body water and body weight.
 There were significant differences between the two groups of the concurrent and sequential training in the free fat weight, body water and body weight so that they were tended to increase with the sequential training and decreased with the concurrent one.
The most important recommendations of the study were to emphasize on coaches to use the concurrent training for improving the maximal strength, oxygen endurance, fat weight reduction, free fat weight, body water and body weight; and to emphasize on coaches to use the sequential training for reducing the fat weight in addition to raise the free fat weight, body water and body weight.

Designing and Standardizing Tests for Measuring the Accuracy of Some Basic Tennis Drives on the Students of the College of Physical Education-Anbar University

Shaker M. Abdulalah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 31-41
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76394

The problem of the study is the limits within which the tests are made. Some of the tests are difficult and not suitable to the samples and research environment. Thus, it is necessary to find more realistic tests. This study aims at designing tests to measure the accuracy of some basic ground tennis drives in a scientific way using standard values. The descriptive approach is adopted by the researcher. The test is made on a sample of (119) students. To achieve the aims of the study, the procedures include designing three tests to find the accuracy of some tennis drives.In addition to the survey tests, other tests are made to find the scientific basis for performing tests and to discover the standard values statistically. The researcher recommends that the tests should be more realistic and suit the assessment environment by using tests designed for environments having the same standard levels and finding different levels to suit different samples.

The impact of recreational sports in numbers of functional variables and the results of academic achievement for students of the University of Technology

Luma Akram Jallo

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 42-51
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76395

In recent decade, weakness, slackness, and bad health are the common characteristics of individuals, consequently, they cannot endure an hour of daily pressure in their lives. Since education is considered one of the most important human systems in contemporary societies, this study aims to identify the impact of entertaining sport in a number of functional variables such as heart rate, number of breathing times, test of Air ability PWC 170, test of oxygen capability VO2 max, and the results of the academic achievement for the students of the university of technology. The researcher applied the experimental method to first year students of engineering construction and building department, university of Technology. The number of the sample was 150 students of academic year 2010/2011.This number is reduced to 100 after excluding of athletes, non-passing students, and pilot study sample of students. The sample was divided randomly into two groups, experimental and control, each one has 50 students. Having checked the equality only in previous tests, since achievement of the students is zero at the beginning of the academic year, of physiological variables between the two groups , the experimental not the control group was subjected to the entertaining program .the results were processed statistically after finishing the program. The researcher found that the experimental group subjected to aforementioned program had achieved better results than the control group in both physiological variables and academic achievement. Consequently, the researcher recommended to focus on entertaining activities for university students because such activities play important role in improving the functional variables and academic achievement, in addition to that, the researcher also recommended to bring back the lessons of physical education at universities due to their positive impact on students.

The effect of force-speed and explosive strength training on up-hill on mechanical variables and achievement in long jump

Ammera Mohammed Deham

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 52-65
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76396

The research aimed to know the effect of the force-speed and explosive strength up-hill training on mechanical variables force-speed and explosive strength, and achievement in long jump. The hypothesis that there was a significant different between the test and pre-test.
Technical observation, measurements and test are used. The researcher used the experimental method, the sample was (8) athlete . The test and pre- test used during 12 week training,Mean, stander division, t. test and simple correlation used to statistic data.
The research conclusion the following:
1. There is a positive effect of the training program on the mechanical variables , the force-speed ,explosive strength and achievement in long jump

Designing and Constructing Tests to Measure the agility component for Futsal Female Players

Rabeea Khalaf Jameel Al-Zuhairi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 66-87
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76397

The research aims at :
- Designing and constructing tests to measure the element of fitness for futsal female players.
- Setting standard degrees and levels for the tests of fitness element for futsal female players.
The research community include futsal female players of the clubs of the Iraqi Northern region . The sample has been selected randomly and it includes ( Al-Qoush, Qara-Qoush, Batnayah, Fatat Nineveh, Telasqof, and Bashiqah ) clubs .The number of the researched sample is (104) female players from an origin (120) female players. This proportion represents (87%) of the research community.
To achieve the required information , the researcher has used a questionnaire and tests as well as using the following scientific coefficients: Reliability by re-testing, the vace validity, the index of reliabilty, and the discrimination validity between the high , low groups and subjective .
The following statistical means were adopted : The arithmetic mean, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient (Person), T-test for the independent and equal samples , percentage , mode , coefficient,of skewness ski square, the standard degree (6-δ).
The most considerable results obtained by the researcher were as follows:
- As a result of adopting the scientific means specialized for constructing tests , the tests have enjoyed good scientific bases as validity, reliability, subjectivity and normal distribution .
- Special tables have been achieved specialized in the standard levels and degrees (6-δ) for the researched tests .
The most important recommendations were as follows :
- Adopting tests for they have achieved scientific bases as validity, reliability, subjectivity and normal distribution .
- Adopting standard tables appeared by the research like evaluation and valuation the female player's level of fitness element .

Effect of 5000 m run in some blood and urine components for long distances runners

Nashwan Ibrahim Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 88-102
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76398

The effects of 5000 m run in some blood and urine components for long distances runners have been studied in seven (7) runners of Nineveh track and field team .The research procedures include measured some blood components (Hemoglobin (Hb), White blood cells (WBC), and Packed Cells Volume ( PCV)) and urine components (Red blood cells (RBC) and ketone bodies before and after 5000 m run in ambient temperature between (20 – 22°). The research has concluded significant increase in White blood cells (WBC), significant decrease in Packed Cells Volume ( PCV), and no changed in Hemoglobin (Hb) in blood, and Red blood cells (RBC) and ketone bodies in urine for long distances runners.

Comparative study of achievement motivation in sports for volleyball players in the scientific and humanitarian colleges of the University of Mosul

Rafie A.A. Ghafoor

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 103-115
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76399

The research aims to
- Identify the level of motivation of phsical achievement for volleyball players in the scientific and humanitarian colleges .
- Identify the differences between the level of motivation of phsical achievemen for volleyball players of both scientific group and humanitarian group of colleges.
- Identify the differences between the players of both of scientific and humanitarian colleges.
The sample incluled (60) players representing six teams of colleges of the University of Mosul, by (3) teams of each of the scientific community and humanity at a rate of (10) players from each team, the researchers used measure of motivation of phsical achievemen which was prepared by (Mohammad Hassan Allawi, 1998). The researchers used the bages (spss) for statistical data processing to obtain the arithmetic mean, standard deviation and t-test, analysis of variance.
After viewing the results and discussed them the researchers found the following:
- There were high level of motivation of phsical achievemen for volleyball players of colleges of the University of Mosul.
- There were no significant differences of motivation of phsical achievemen for volleyball players for the two sets of college science and humanity.
Acording to these results the researchers recommended the following:
- Emphasis on the psychological aspects because of its effect in promoting self-confidence and motivation of achievement.
- Pay aHention to the development of elements of physical fitness in general and focus on developing the components of fitness for a game of volleyball.
- Conduct similar research in a variety of other games.

Constructing Skilful Cognition Test for Some Gymnastic Devices for the Students of College of Physical Education / Mosul University

Firas Mahmoud Ali Al-Khokhi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 116-155
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76400

The research aims at :
- Constructing skilful cognition test for some gymnastic devices for the 2nd year students of college of physical education / Mosul university.
- Evaluating the skilful cognition level for some gymnastic devices for the 2nd year students of college of physical education / Mosul university.
- Setting standard levels for the research sample of testing skilful cognition for some gymnastic devices.
The researcher has adopted the descriptive methodology with survey style for its convenience to the nature of the research. The research community includes 2nd year students of college of physical education / Mosul university (term 2001-2012) who are represented by (198) students of both sexes divided on (8) groups. The basic research sample includes (178) students after excluding (20) female students for the research is designed for only male students. The sample has been divided into two samples , each of them includes (138) students as a construction sample at a proportion of ( 77,53%) .The students of this group are divided as follows : (30) students for reliability purposes , (8) students for pilot study , and (100) students for the statistical analysis to find the discriminating power. While , the application sample includes (40) students at a proportion of (22,47%) . The means of collecting data adopted by the researcher are ; the questionnaire, analysis , collecting information and the test . The tests include: Skilful cognition test for some gymnastic devices (floor movement carpet, parallelogram apparatus, and horse-of-handles apparatus ). The research is required to be constructed on 2nd year students of college of physical education. So, the construction procedures involve preparing the initial formula of the test, preparing the initial test items , the scientific properties of the test which include ( the jury validity, reliability coefficient , the statistical analysis of the items , easiness and difficulty coefficient and the internal harmony among the test items ) as well as finding the correction key for the test items .
The statistical means include the arithmetic mean, mode , standard deviation, equation of coefficient of skewenss by (Karl Person) , simple correlation coefficient, assumption mean of the test, easiness and difficulty coefficient , discrimination coefficient , T-test for one sample and percentage.
The researcher has concluded the following results :
- The afficiency of the cognitive test constructed to measure the skilful cognition for some gymnastic devices.
- The 2nd year students of college of physical education are enjoying high skilful cognition level that affects positively their learning achievement in gymnastic.
- Setting standard levels for research sample in the skilful cognition for some gymnastic devices.

Philosophy of Physical exercises punishment from the lecturers point of view of lecturers in the college of physical Education in the University of Mosul

Hadeel Dahi Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 156-169
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76401

Current research aims to identify: the philosophy of male and female teachers about the use of corporal punishment exercises positive and negative. Reasons for the use of the physical exercises punishment in the lecture.
The researcher assumed: that most teachers and physical education teachers have a philosophical positive trend towards the use of corporal punishment exercises.
most of the male teachers practice corporal punishment for the purpose of attracting the attention of students and focus on the scientific material given.
Descriptive analytical method was used to answer research questions, research community way was selected intentional and of 'class and teachers in the college of Physical Education at the University of Mosul. For the purpose of gathering information used content analysis of the sources and scientific references and opinions of teachers in the college of Physical Education and on the subject of physical exercises punishment, and try to devise what of concepts, principles and rules. Also It prepared interview to reach the goals of the research, statistical and data processing were used - the percentage and correlation coefficient. Results and discussion was reached important conclusions:
1 - Altdresen uses physical exercise as punishment attempt to modify the behavior of the students do not catharsis for feelings of anger.
2 - punishment, physical exercise in college is not a goal but it is a way to fix the learner.
3 - philosophy of physical exercises on a set of positive principles that guide students and Tillth .

Constructing a Battery of Physical Fitness Elements of Special for the Players of Elite Handball Clubs

Saad Basim Jamil

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 170-195
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76402

The research aims at :
- Recognizing the factors of the special physical fitness elements for Iraqi elite clubs players.
- Constructing a battery of special physical fitness elements for the players of elite handball clubs.
The research fields includes :
- Human scope : The players of (Al-Futwa, Al-Karkh, Al-Jaish, Al-Shurtta and Al-Kufa )clubs.
- Time scope : The period between ( 15/11/2011) to (1/4/2012).
- Place scope : Indoor halls of (Al-Futwa, Al-Karkh, Al-Jaish, Al-Shurtta and Al-Kufa )clubs.
The researchers have adopted the descriptive methodology with the correlation style for its convenience to the nature of the research. The research community has been represented by the players of Iraqi elite tournament clubs (term 2011-2012) which were (12) clubs . While the research sample included (70) players divided into five clubs (Al-Futwa, Al-Karkh, Al-Jaish, Al-Shurtta and Al-Kufa ) , who represent (14) players for each club after excluding the goal keepers. The researchers have used a questionnaire , tests and the content analysis as a tool of collecting data.
The researchers have used the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, the standard error of the arithmetic mean, coefficient of skewenss (Person), and the coefficient analysis by the method of the essential components of Hottling by using the orthogonal rotation.
The researchers have concluded the following :
1. The coefficient analysis by using the orthogonal rotation performed on (18) tests of special physical fitness representing the six assumption factors of the special physical fitness.It shows five factors accepted in terms of factor acceptance ,which are :The first factor is the transitional speed factor, the second is the explosive force factor for the legs, the third is the explosive force factor of the arms, the fourth is the fitness factor, and the fifth factor is the force factor discriminated by speed.
2. The special physical fitness battery has been obtained in the light of its accessed factors whose units achieve highest saturations on the factors ,which were:
a- Test of 30m. run.
b- Vertical jump test
c- Test of throwing medicine ball (800gm.) with one arm.
d- Test of zigzag run between barriers with numbers.
e- Test of push up (10 seconds).
3. The fifth units selected for the special physical fitness are considered pure scales for their saturations on the other factors are about to be zero . This result confirms the decrease of the correlation among tests.
The researchers have recommended :
- Using the battery of the special physical fitness in the practical tests to recognize the training program activity at the end of the special physical preparation for Iraqi handball clubs.

The effect of using different heights of deep jump in developing some aspects of muscular strength for the players of handball a ged(15-17)years

Nawfal M. Al-Hiali

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 196-209
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76403

The research aims at re-realling the following:
*Effect of training by using deep jump exercises with different heights in developing the explosive strength.
*the effect of training by using deep jump exercises with different heights in developing the speedy strength.
Hypotheses:
*there were a significant differences in the explosive strength between the pre and post tests for the benefit of the latter.
*there is a significant differences in the strength distinguish by speed between the pre and post tests for the benefit of the latter.
Methodology:
The experimental approach has been adopted for its convenience to the nature of the research which conducted on the training center player in Ninevah; 24 in number and age (15-17) years. They were divided randomly into three experimental group; eight for each group randomly.
Conclusions:
*the program was effective in increasing the explosive strength of the legs -muscles for mini handball players.
*the improving of the explosive strength of the leg lend to improving the distance of jumping for mini handball players.

An Analytical Study of Some Biokinematic Variables for Triple-Jump jumpers and Their Relationship with the Achievement

Sa’ad Al-Dulimi; Fadhil Sulaiman; Ashraf Ibrahim

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 210-230
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76404

The research aims at :
1. Recognizing values of some biokinematic variables for triple jump jumpers.
2. Recognizing the relationship between the values of some biokinematic variables for triple jump jumpers and achievement.
The researchers have adopted the descriptive approach for its convenience to the nature of the research . The sample has included (5) jumpers selected randomly from the students of the college of physical education / Mosul university who represent the college team . The researchers have adopted the technical scientific observation, a questionnaire , test, analysis , measurement and evaluation as means of collecting data to obtain some biokinematic variables for triple jump jumpers. The most important biokinematic variables have been selected to be analyzed and studied which are: ankle angle, knee angle, leg angle , hip angle , trunk angle, angular velocity , the circumference speed . Those variables are for the hopscotch , step and jump. The final experiment has been photographed on 23/2/2012 at the stadium of the college of physical education / Mosul university for all jumpers via the participations of the jumpers in the test in which each jumper has performed (6) attempts according to the law of this game. The analysis has been performed on the best successful attempt. The researchers have used the following statistical treatments : arithmetic mean, standard deviation and correlation coefficient (Pearson).
The researchers have concluded the following :
1. There was negative significant relationship for leg angle with achievement level at the stage of (impact) the hopscotch.
2. There was negative significant relationship for the leg angle speed with achievement level at the stage of colliding the hopscotch.
3. There was negative significant relationship for the rest of the biokinematic variables at the three stages ( collision, absorption and pushing ) in hopscotch , step and jump.

Learning and thinking patterns according to the functions of the brain and their relationship with the level of achievement of track and field events for students in Iraqi universities Championship for the Northern District

Farhang F. M. Gharib

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 231-243
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76405

The research aims to find out patterns of learning and thinking of the players of track and field events, and also to investigate the relationship between learning styles and thinking according to brain function for a sample of research and their results in northern region championships of universities. The research community consisted of (200 students). The sample consisted of (82 students) and they obtain the top six rank in the championship, and the researchers used the descriptive method with survey style and scale patterns of learning and thinking to get the results and which prepared by (Torrance and others _ 1978) and adopted the researchers statistical methods appropriate to
discuss the results and reached some conclusions, including:
- It is found out that the research sample of learning and thinking patterns according to the
functions of the brain have different classifications for different events.
- The correlation between learning and thinking patterns according to the functions of the
brain in most of the scheduled events.

Feedback with Video Imaging Style and its Effect on Acquiring and Retaining Some Rhythmic Movements with Ball.

Afrah Thanoon

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 244-266
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76406

The research aims at recognizing the significance of statistical differences in post test between both researched groups in learning and retaining some rhythmic movements with ball . The research adopts the experimental methodology for its convenience to the nature of the research . The research community includes the female students of college of physical education in Mosul university for the term (2011-2012 ) . The research sample includes (32) female students in the college . The sample is divided into two groups (experimental and control ) equal in number as (16) female students for each group by using a lottery method . The equivalence is done between both groups in the variables ( age , tallness , weight and some physical fitness elements ) . After using video imaging on female students performance , showing it to the individuals of the experimental group as a feedback and using the common style (ordinary ) on the control group for (8) weeks , post test is performed on both research groups to recognize the student degree of acquiring some rhythmic movements with ball . After two weeks , the test is done again with the same conditions to recognize the degree of retaining these movements . By processing the data statistically , the following results have been obtained :
- The presence of statistical significant differences in the post test between both research groups in acquiring some rhythmic movements with ball and for the interest of the experimental group .
- The presence of statistical significant differences in the post test between both research groups in retaining some rhythmic movements with ball and for the interest of the experimental group .

Comparing some kinematics variables and Accuracy for Two Types of distance shooting in Handball

Mohammed Khaleel

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 267-279
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76407

This research aims at:
1- Identifying the values of some kinematic variables for two types of far shooting (Jump – shot and stationary shot).
2- Identifying the differences among the values of some kinematic variables for the two types of far shooting (Jump – shot and stationary – shot).
3- Identifying accuracy values for the two types of distance shooting(Jump – shot and stationary – shot).
4- Identifying the differences in accuracy shooting between the jump shot and stationary shot.
The study involves the following scopes:
1- Human scope: includes advanced handball right – hand players in Nineveh province.
2- Time scope: 25/9/2009 – 25/6/2010.
3- Place scope: Mosul University Stadium
Research sample consists of five advanced attacking players in Nineveh province. The researchers have used the descriptive method for its convenience to the nature of the research. Data collection methods have been also use such as (Questionnaire, measurement, test, technical scientific observation),. Two digital video cameras (SONY) have been also used. The first camera was fixed (6.5 m.) away from the player and the platform. The second one was fixed in a distance of (14 m.) in order to measure the variables of the ball. The focus of the camera was on (1.3 m.) height. The camera speed was (25 frames per second). As for the statistical tools, the researchers have used the mean, standard deviation, co-variance factor, and (t) Test for the dependent and independent samples.
The researchers have come to the following conclusions:
1- There are significant differences in the value of the (last step length) between the two types of distance shooting (Jump – shot and stationary – shot) in favor of jump – shot.
2- There are significant differences in the values of the angles of the (right shoulder, right knee, trunk, left shoulder, and left ankle) in the position of impact, and there are significant differences in the values of the angles of the (right shoulder, right hip, right knee) in the position of absorption, in favor of – stationary shot
3- There are significant differences in the values of shooting accuracy between the jump shot and stationary shot in favor of jump shot

ANALYTICAL STUDY OF NUMBER OF MECHANIC VARIABLES IN THE MAIN SHOT – PUT PHASE ACCORDING TO ABAKING GLIDE

Wadei . Yassen . Altikriti

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 280-309
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76408

Research’s aims:
1 . To realize the values of certain variables kinematics , kinetic ,and as well as force-time function in the main phase of shot-put according to baking guide .
2 . To find the correlation between the kinematics variables and between kinetic variables and between force-time function variables for the main phase of shot-put according to baking guide .
3 . To find the correlation between the kinematics and kinetics variables , and between the kinematics and force-time function variables in the main phase of shot-put according to baking guide .
The researchers has applied the descriptive method for its convenience with the nature of the research . The research sample has consisted of (4) shot putters who represented the Nineva team in the shot-put activity, Each putter was given (6) trials according to the international law of track and field games. All the trials were filmed and the best trial was analyzed The researcher has used tests, measurement, scientific technical observation and analysis as means for data collecting. The sample subjects have been filmed by using three video cameras each of which films a part of the activity as well as using the platform of measuring ground reaction prepared for this purpose. as well as using programs such like : ACD See 10 Photo program Manager , Al-Hero soft 2001 program , Auto CAD 2009 program and Paint program , After the analysis was achieved, data were statistically handled by applying SPSS application. Statistical means applied in the research are as follows: (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, Person simple correlation coefficient, variance coefficient and percentage).
Research’s Conclusions:
1 . There were significant relationship between the kinematics variables body mass center of gravity's variables in terms of displacement, distance, height and velocity have represented 41.175% of the significant correlations of the kinematics variables in the main phase (7 variables out of 17).
2 . There were significant relationship between the kinetics variables in horizontal thrust , horizontal energy power thrust limited , energy power kidney and implicit in condition the absorb and throw out have represented 66.666% of the significant correlations of the kinetics variables (6 variables out of 9).
3 . There were significant relationship between the kinematics and the kinetics variables at the displace and horizontal velocity ,and displace limited ,and thrust limited , vertical thrust and horizontal ,to movement body mass center of gravity's and , vertical and horizontal energy power, and energy power limited represented 23.77% of the significant correlations between the kinematics and the kinetics variables (6 variables out of 26).
4 . While the time and the area of absorb will be slightly that will be positive yield in the push phase to do with concern liberty force – time variables .
7 . If increase the total time in the main phase to shot – put with method backing glide will be growth the rate of under curve area – time td each phase of phases (hit- absorb- push ) which pigeon block in the technical performance to inquiry needed achievement
The researchers has recommended the following:
1 . Confirmation on the performance as much as possible achievement of force generation associated with velocity during the pushing phase to attain the best achievement in shot-put .
2 Taking care of the movement of body mass center of gravity as being the variable that significantly correlated with the largest number of kinematics variables in the main stage of weight shot according to Baking glide .
3 . Developing the body angular velocity during the pushing phase for its positive reactions on real distance of the shot flight trajectory .
4 . Confirmation to use video filming sight and motion analysis from coaching by using new equipment to stand up of the important point of power and feeble to developing technical performance for deferent influences .
5 . Suitable choosing of the putters according achievement variables such as bodily physical specifics and arm length and total body length in shut – putt .
6 . To worker and coaching in sports take care about quantity instruction power in hit phase and fewness of absorb time prospects destiny to conclude this make in push phase .
7. Making research quarrel on biggest samples and highest level to became the result publicly and inclusive .

EFFECT OF USING ANAEROBIC POWER WITH PROPOSED INTENSITIES ON SOME PHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES FOR PLAYERS OF VOLLEYBALL

Ziad Alsaffar; Ammar Khalel; Anmar Aldabbag

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 310-327
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76409

The aims of the study :
1-Revealing the significance of differences between the two pre and post tests for the two experimental groups for physical and physiological variables .
2-Revealing the significance of differences in post test between the two groups for physical and physiological variables .
- Experimental method was used for its suitability to the nature of the study . Sample of the study consisted of (14) players from Qaraqosh sport club between the ages of (15-16) years which divided randomly by (Lot) into two equal groups in as much as (7) players for each group.
-Equivalence between the two groups was attained regarding the variables of the research .
-The researchers put two training programs , one of them for the first group which used between (50-65%) of the maximum value of intensity and the second used between(65- 80%) of the maximum value of intensity , for a period of (8) weeks for each group .
- The researchers has used the following statistical means , arithmetic mean , standard deviation and T-test for paired and unpaired samples .
- The researchers has attained the following conclusions:
1- The anaerobic power training with proposed intensity between (50-65%) has shown a positive effect in developing the maximum strength of the arms and legs , Explosive power of the legs and Explosive strength of the arms and legs.
2-The anaerobic power training with proposed intensity between(65-80%) has shown a positive effect in developing the maximum strength of the arms , Explosive power of the arms and legs and Explosive strength of the legs.
3-The first group was superior than the second in maximum strength.
4-The anaerobic power training with proposed intensities has shown a positive effect in decrease the heart rate for both groups.

Biomechanics Analysis of Forward Hands Flip with Single and Double Landing on The Gymnastic Floor Mat apparatus

Obay Ramiz Al-Bakri

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 328-338
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76410

The development in the sport of Gymnastics is not a coincidence but is the result of progress on the technical and research levels that helped athletes in their performance of difficult and complex skills. The apparatuses used in gymnastics are various and require most complex and complicated skills including rotating swinging and flipping which can be taught through exemplary performance using modern technology in presenting the performance of the movement to the athlete with minimal effort. Thus the research aims to identify some of the biomechanics variables the forward hands flip with double and single landing and identify the best movement performed by the sample according to the effort spent in the performance of the skill. The problem of study as expressed by the researcher is ( which moves requires the greatest effort ) . The study sample is one player chosen deliberately and he is the Iraqi champion in gymnastics for the professional category. The researcher used the descriptive approach for its convenience to the nature of the study. The study concluded that the performance of the forward hands flip with double landing required more effort than the forward hands flip with single landing Thus, the research recommended adopting the outcome results for biomechanics variables for the judging the performance of students in the college of sports education and conducting similar experiments for other skills to categorize most of the biomechanics variables of gymnastic skills .

Constructing battery for special fitness test for Soccer goalkeepers

Abdel Moneim A. J. Al-Janabi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 371-392
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76411

The research aim at:
- Constructing a special battery physical fitness test for soccer goalkeepers in football game. The researcher used the descriptive methods of mutual relations (relational) which interest to disclose relationships between two or more variable to see the correlation between these variables.
- The research community consists of goalkeepersof the football clubs of northern region. The sample of this research was chosen intentionally which consist of (55) goalkeepers as following:(5 goalkeepers forthe pilot study and the other (50) for the factor construction sample).
In order to obtain data and information regards the subject of the research, theresearcher used the following means:
- Analysis of references and sources, scientific researches, questionnaires, physical tests.
The researchers surveyed a large number of sources and references, scientific research and previous studies and to take the view of specialists to determine the most important physical variables and tests for soccer goalkeepers.
Researchers used the following statistical methods:
The arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, mode, skewenss coefficient, simple correlation coefficient.
Factor analysis using orthogonal rotation, (data were treated statistically using statistical system SPSS).
The results was reached to:
First : factor analysis using orthogonal rotation which was conducted on (27) variable representing tests for soccer goalkeepers showed (11) factors were accept , (6) factors in light of the conditions for accepting and working of these factors are :
1-Agility (factor I)
2-special force distinguish by speed for the abdominal muscle (factor II)
3-The explosive power of the legs (factor IV)
4- Speed motor response of feet (factor V)
5- Flexibility (factor VI)
6- Explosive power of the muscle of arms (factor IX)
Second: Battery was extracted for special physical fitness for soccer goalkeepers in the light of its factors derived which represents its units highest saturation value on the factors, and which are:
1-Barrow – test, three sessions (factor I)
2-Sit test of lying the maximum number within 10 seconds (factor II)
3- Vertical jump test of fortitude (factor IV)
4-Nelson test of the motor response (factor V)
5-bend the trunk of standing in front of the bottom of the podium(factor VI)
6-Explosive power of the muscles of the arms (factor IX)
Third: The six nominated units of battery of physical fitness test for soccer goalkeepers are pure units because, its saturation on other factors are zero.
Recommendations:
- Adoption of a battery test when choosing soccer goalkeepers
- Taking into account factors of the battery when constructing training programs for goalkeepers.

Constructing Adaptive Behavior Scale for Senior Students of College of Sports Education / Mosul University

Waleed Kh. Rajab

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 63, Pages 339-370
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2013.76412

The research objectives :
- Constructing adaptive behavior scale for Senior students / college of sports education / Mosul university .
- Setting standard levels for Senior students / college of sports education / Mosul university on the adaptive behavior scale .
The researchers adopt the descriptive methodology with a survey method .
The research community includes the Senior students / college of sports education / Mosul university (Semester 2011-2012) . The research sample includes (150) students ( female students were excluded ) . The research sample was divided into a construction sample represented by (120) students at an average (80%) , and an application sample represented by (27) students at an average (20%) . Ten students were selected to perform the reliability operation and ten to perform the open questionnaire (the pilot study ).
The adaptive behavior scale prepared by the researchers was used as an instrument of collecting data in addition to the following tools ( the questionnaire , interview and constructing measurement tool ) . The construction procedures include determining the scale dimensions ( social adaptation , emotional adaptation , academic adaptation , family adaptation and health adaptation ) , determining the method of forming the scale items , forming the items of each dimension at their initial form in addition to adopt the scientific steps and procedures in constructing the scale including the vase validity , content validity , construction validity represented by (the statistical analysis of the items ) with the method of contrasted groups , internal consistency and statistical analysis with the method of factor validity . Re-testing method is used in the reliability . The statistical means include : the arithmetic mean, standard deviation , of skews coefficient equation of ( Pearson ) , simple correlation coefficient of (Pearson) , t-Test , percentage , standard degree and factor analysis by using computer with SPSS system .
The researchers have concluded the following :
- Constructing adaptive behavior scale for Senior students / college of sports education / Mosul university .
- Obtaining standard levels for the research sample with the scale of adaptive behavior.