Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 18, Issue 59

Volume 18, Issue 59, Summer and Autumn 2012, Page 1-395


The impact of skillful physical exercises by applying the time of special endurance on certain skillful variables of youth soccer players

Zuheer Alkhashab; Mahmood Hamdoon YAlhyali

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 1-28
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62559

The research aims at revealing the following:
• The differences in some skillful variables of both groups’ players, the experimental & the control in pre & post-tests.
• The differences in some skillful variables between groups, the experimental & the control in post-test.
To verify the research objectives; the researchers has established the following hypotheses:
• Significant differences were shown in some skillful variables of the experimental & control group between both pre & post-tests in favor of pre-test.
• Significant differences were shown in some skillful variables between the experimental & control group in post-tests and in favors of the experimental group.
The researchers have adopted the empirical methodology for its convenience with the nature of the research and the experiment was performed on a population of young players from Ninevah soccer club consisted of (30) players aged between (16-19). They were intentionally chosen and randomly distributed into two groups, experimental & control, in the amount of (10) players for each. (10) Players were excluded as (7) of them were dedicated for pilot study and (3) were goalkeepers.Consistency & equivalence between both groups under discussion were achieved regarding variables such as age ,height ,weight as well as skillful variables that have been identified by experts and specialists.The researcher has also adopted the experimental planning which is called ‘designing the control group of a random choice with pre & post-test.’The researcher have applied statistical means such as the arithmetic mean, standard deviation Person’s simple correlation coefficient, percentage, T-test of correlated samples and T-test of independent samples.

The researchers has concluded the following :
-The training course with skillful and physical exercises style by applying special endurance has resulted in developing all basic skills such as dribbling, near scoring, short pass, medium pass, long pass, calming down and hitting the ball with the head out of comparing the findings of pre & post-tests of the experimental group:
• The course prepared by the coach has led to the development of well as some basic skills including dribbling, scoring, long pass and hitting the ball with the head out of comparing the findings of pre & post-tests of the control group.
• The experimental group that applied skillful and physical exercises by using special endurance has developed better than the control group which has applied the training course prepared by the coach in all basic skillful under discussion, by comparing the findings of the post-tests between both groups.
• Training courses that follow the interval training method allow the coach to operate and control the load components of training and would lead to develop basic skillful of soccer players.
• The way of choosing exercises regarding their types, numbers and equal distribution of skills had an evident impact on developing all basic skillful.
The researchers has recommended the following:
-The necessity of applying the skillful physical exercises by using special endurance in training soccer players.
-Low-intensity interval training method should be applied in developing special endurance as well as basic skills of soccer players.
-Taking care of age groups and urging on sport clubs and institutions to supply necessary equipment that that coach needs in training units when he applies this kind of exercises in particular.
- Similar studies and researches should be performed on other regulated games.
*Keywords: skillful physical exercises- special endurance -youth soccer players

Comparison study in leading behavior for the north Iraqi universities coaches of bat games from the point of view of the players

Sabhan Mahmood

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 29-40
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62560

The study aims at identifying the leading behavior of co Aches of bat games coaches and the differences in their leading role .the corpus consisted of the north Iraqi universities players participating in the Iraqi univer sites champion ship 2009 – 2010 .The players were (51) in number ; three players from each universe city who were deliberately chosen .The data were statistically inlay zed by mean ,stander deviation to show the least significant difference . It was concluded that there were significant difference in favor of the coaches of table tennis and badminton in comparison with tennis in leading behavior and there were no significant differences between Them . The researchers recommend :
1- The necessity of choosing coaches who have a good leading behavior in order to achier remark able results .
2-holding comes and work – shops to develop .The leading behavior of coaches supervised by experts in this concern and doing a similar researches.
*Keywords: Leading behavior- universities coaches- bat games

Studying of the relationship between some biokinetics variables of the arm from inside water with some anthropometric measurement in the 25 m butterfly swimming

Falah Hammo; Hasan Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 41-54
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62562

The research aimed at :
1. Recognizing the values of some biokinetics variables of the arm from inside water in the 25 m butterfly swimming .
2. Recognizing the values of some anthropometric measurement .
3. Finding the relationship between the values of some biokinetics variables of the arm from inside water with arm length in the 25 m butterfly swimming .
The descriptive method was used . the sample included ( 5 ) swimmers of the senior group of Nineveh team . the technical scientific observation , analysis and measurements were used as means to collect the data to obtain some of the biokinematics variables values and some anthropometric measurements values , to achieve the technical scientific observation accurately , the videography was used . the study included a number of biokinematics variables of the arm and anthropoetric measurements . the data have been processed statistically by using the mean , standard deviation and simple correlation .
the researchers concluded the following :
There Were no significant correlations between some biokinetics variables values of the arm from inside water with arm length .
The researchers recommended some recommendations to be utilized in the learning and coaching to get the best performance .
* Keywords: Bio kinetics- anthropometric measurement- swimming-25 m butterfly

"Attitudes of Female students of some colleges of the Mosul University toward playing the game of indoor football "

Nagam Kh Najib

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 55-68
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62563

The research aims to: Attitudes of Female students of some colleges
Descriptive method with survey style was used for it's convenience to the nature of the research, The sample of the research was consisted of (62) Female students from the following four colleges(sport Education, Arts, Basic Education, Girls Education),The researcher used(Kenyon scale)as a tool to measure the attitudes to wards practicing sport activity, this scale have been modified to Arabic from by (Alawi,1998)it consisted of (33)items.
After having the validity and the reliability of the scale.
The researcher applied the scale, then the data was statistically treated by using the(mean, standard deviation, coefficient of simple correlation, t.test, percentage law). The researcher concluded the following There were positive attitude for the female students of some colleges of mosul university in general, then researcher recommended the encourage of having sport knowledge and Education in the society in order to strengthen the concept of practicing the game of indoor football by female students, through the effective role of the media and throng having such activities in the university's sport program indoor to help the female students to be enrolled and participate in such activities.
Then the researcher recommend and that the indoor football subject should be implicated in the curriculum of the college of sport and especially in the college of Education for Girls and the college of Basic cation (Department of physical Education)
*Keywords: Attitudes of Female students- Mosul University colleges - indoor football

Analytic study in psychological stress for female players of Iraq clubs in volleyball

Intethar F. Elyas

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 69-92
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62564

The Aims of The Study:
- knowing the differences in psychological stress for the difference that take the three first places .and the difference that take the last three places
- Knowing the differences in psychological stress between female players for the last and three first teams.
- The research made on data consists of (108) female player from the female players of the country clubs in volleyball. The data were collected by using the scale psychological stress, which was prepared by (Al- Ghreary, 2006).
And the researchers concluded:
1. According to the first three teams, Snharib team won at Qara Qosh team and Akad by the degree of the psychological stress while Qara Qosh team won at Snharib team only in the degree of the psychological stress.
2. According to the last three teams, the degree of the psychological stress are close for the last three teams and that led not to exist the differences to the level of intangible in the degree the psychological stress .
3. The last three teams distinct at the first three teams by the degree of the psychological stress and that reflected on the intangible of the results between them.
And the researcher recommended the following :
- Depending the scale of psychological stress in evaluating the size of psychological stress that bear down on female players.
- Take car of the troubles that cause psychological stress, and to work in order to limit the causes of those troubles.
- Making periodical tests for evaluating the level of psychological stress in the two periods, the preparations or competitions.
*Keywords: Psychological stress- Iraq clubs - volleyball

Characteristics of Creative Communication Skills and Their Relationship to the Heads of Sports Federations, The Central Iraqi Olympic

Riyadh Ahmed Ismaeel

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 93-130
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62565

The goal of the study was to introduce the following point :
The creative properties and their relation with the communication skills of the Central Olympic Athletic Unions heads levels .
The researchers have followed the descriptive approach in studying the relations according to the correlated studies. The study sample had been formed from (20) Central Olympic Athletic Unions, included (172) management staff members. Two measurements for the creative properties and communication skills had been construcked according to the work of the organizations work. The measurement of the creative properties consisted of (60) points distributed among (7) dimensions : query thinking, the ability of analyzing and assembling, the ability of imagination, heuristic, courage or self confidence, rejecting, the desire of experience and self criticism.
The measurements of communication skills included (49) points distributed among (4) dimensions : listening skill, rapid reading skill, writing skill and speaking skill. After executing the scientific conditions of the two measurements they had been applied on the basic research sample.
The data had been treated to the statistically by using: percentage, arithmetical mean, standard deviation, assuming mean, T- Test, Pearson correlation coefficient. The study had concluded many conclusions such as:
- Existence of an incorporeal relationship between the creative properties and the communication skills of the Central Olympic Athletic Unions heads.
The researcher had mentioned several recommendations such as :
1 - Monitoring the creative ideas either theatrical or the proutical one of sports organizations in order or might be depended on them to take advantage of them, which can and try to build on.
2 - Developing the communication skills of heads of sports federations and the development of their creative properties, which are reflected on the development of the work of unions.
*Keywords: Creative characteristics - Communication Skills - Sports Federations

Measuring the Motivational Traits for the players of First Class Tae Kwon Do clubs

Mahmood Shukur Salih

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 131-142
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62566

The research aims at measuring the motivational traits for the players of first-class tae kwon dot clubs .The researchers have hypothesized that there were significon differentes among the motivational traits for the first-class tae kwon do players .The sample has composed of the first-class players of the athletic season 2010 .The players were (50) whom they representing the fallowing clubs (Alshurtah , Al-Kuhruba'a,Al-Karkh,Al-Mustaqbal, Al -Meena'a, Missan, Pashkotin, and AR Babil) clubs . The researchers have adopted the scale prepared by Allawi ( 1990) as an instrument for collecting data . After the data have been classified and treated statistically ,the researchers have concluded the following :
• There were significant differences in the trait of the need of achievement for the first-class tae kwon do players .
• There were significant differences in the (self-confidence, determination , self-control , training ) traits for the first-class tae kwon do players .
The researchers have recommended the following :
• Making sure of the development of the motivational traits (self-confidence, determination , self-control , training ) traits in the training units and their position in the training program for they contribute in developing the player's capabilities and accessing high levels .
• Making similar researches on other athletic games
• *Keywords: Motivational traits - Tae Kwon Do

Effect of Both peer tutoring style and the triple reciprocal style in acquisition of Technique for some tennis basic skills

Waleed Ali; Ammar Sharrif

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 143-158
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62567

The research aims at revealing the following : The effect of Both peer tutoring style and the triple reciprocal style in acquisition of Technique for some tennis basic skills for both experimental research samples. The researcher has adopted the experimental methodology for its convenience with the nature of the research. So, the experiment was performed on a sample of students of 3rd-year/ college of sport education/ Mosul university for the term 2009-2010 A.D. as research community. The research group has been selected randomly. The sample has consisted of(26) students. They represent both group(H) and(o) respectively. They have been divided into two empirical groups representing(14) students for the first experimental group that has learned on( peer tutoring style), and(12) students for the second empirical group that has learned on (triple reciprocal style).
The researchers have concluded the following results:
1. Both tutoring styles(peer and triple reciprocal) have achieved a learning in obtaining the technique of some basic skills in tennis (forehand, backhand, and serve).
2. The first experimental group that has used peer tutoring style has achieved better level in acquisition of the technique of some basic skills in tennis basic skills compared with triple reciprocal style.
*Keywords: peer tutoring- triple reciprocal- Technique - tennis

Effects of a suggested training program by using specific strength exercise on certain physical and skilful variables of junior handball players

Moafak S Ahmed; Mohammed Hammed

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 159-186
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62568

This research aims at being acquainted with the
 Effects of specific assistant exercises on certain physical and skilful variables of the two research groups, the experimental and control.
 Statistical significant differences of certain physical and skilful variables of the two research groups, the experimental and control at the post test.
The research hypothesized he following
 There are Statistical significant differences of certain physical and skilful variables between the pre and post tests of the two research groups, the experimental and control.
 There are Statistical significant differences of certain physical and skilful variables of the two research groups, the experimental and control at the post test.
The experimental method was used as a part of procedures since it is convenient to the nature of the study. Having excluded the sample of the pilot study, the sample included 20 junior players under age of 18 year chosen at random from the 26 total society of the Ninaveh handball team at 2007-2008 training season.
The sample was divided randomly into tow groups, experimental and control by using the lot with 10 players each. The equality between the groups was done in the variables of age, high and weight in addition to the variables chosen by experts. The experimental design of the equal groups with pre-post tests was taken up. The arithmetic mean, standard deviation, Person coefficient correlation, paired t test and independent t test were used to process data statistically.
The most important conclusions were the following:
 The suggested training program improved significantly all physical and skillful variables at question.
 The experimental group excelled significantly the control group in all physical and skillful variables (excluding the leg power).
 The control group had a remarkable excellence in all physical and skillful variables (excluding the locomotive speed and the Arm explosive power).
The most important recommendations were the following:
 The attention of handball coaches should be paid to the control style of workload components at pre competition and utilization of this components effectively to improve the physical and skillful aspects .
 Conducting more similar studies for other ball games especially basketball, volleyball and soccer by using assistant strength exercises of the physical and skillful variables.
 *Keywords: training program- specific strength exercise- physical and skillful - handball

Comparative study of controlling fashion effect with size and intensity of physical practice load in a number of physical variables of youth football players."

Ayad Mohammed Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 187-204
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62569

The research goal to reveal the controlling fashion effect, as follow:
1. Intensity of physical practice load in a number of physical variables of youth football players.
2. Size of physical practice load in a number of physical variables of youth football players.
The practice fashion applied to a sample of 16 youth players from Mosul football club who are not aged 19s yet in Mosul city, they have been divided into tow experimental groups, each group contains 8 players and the equality of age, height and weight, rather physical characteristics, has been maintained.
The research procedure included that: designing two practical methods, the first one depends on controlling the physical practical load intensity, and the second depends on controlling the physical practical load size, and so that makes a number of exploration experiments to specify the appropriate practical intensity for the sample of this research, rather the appropriate rests for this practice, then the physical pretest performed, after that, the two practical methods applied; the first experimental group performed the practical method of controlling the physical practical load intensity fashion, while the second experimental group performed the practical method of controlling the physical practical load size fashion, applying the methods lasted 8 weeks, but in fact 3 practical units performed during each week, then posttest performed for the physical characteristics which the research dealt with them by follow same procedure that adopted in performing the pretest.
The researchers attained a number of the conclusions, the most important of which are:
* The first experimental group which used fashion of controlling the physical practical load intensity at the posttest overcome the second experimental group which uses fashion of controlling the physical practical load size, in a number of physical characteristics which ( the maximum transition speed, gushing power of the two feet and legs muscle, gracefulness)
Attaining to a number of recommendation, the most important of which are:
* Football coaches urged that to adopt the two fashion of controlling the physical practical load intensity and size in developing the physical characteristics ( the maximum transition speed, gushing power, power distinguished with speed, lasting of strength, lasting of speed and gracefulness) because of effectiveness of theses two fashions that progress the physical level of the football players.
*Keywords: controlling fashion - practice load- football

The impact of the proposed educational development program use of a of a few small toys in the of basic motor skills of elementary students

Doyle Mansouria

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 205-216
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62651

The research aims to:
1. Develop a proposal for a curriculum based on small toys for the development of some of the basic motor skills among primary school students.
2. Identify the impact of the proposed program based on educational mini-games help in the development of basic motor skills of elementary students.
3. To identify differences in the impact of the proposed educational program which based on small games of primary school students between the experimental and control groups.
The researcher used the experimental method for its relevance to the nature of research, and formed the research sample (36) female students of the first and second of primary school (160) Mostaganem home province of the State of Algeria for the year (2010 -2011) has divided randomly (lottery) in to two groups of equal number (18) students for each group (experimental and control) and represent the proportion (12%) of the study population. Equivalence between the two group of the research has been done in the variables of the study (run, jump, throw the farthest, throw on a fixed lens, catching , fixed balance) and the researcher has used the test and measurement as a means of collecting information, and was developed the proposed educational program of a few small toys have been a pilot group for a period of (10) weeks, and two units, the areas of education in the week, time of (45) minutes, and the researcher used the arithmetic mean and standard deviation and T-Test of difference, and the Pearson correlation
coefficient for the treatment of statistical data. The researcher concluded the following:
1 - The proposed educational program on the basis of mini-games help in the development of basic motor skills for students in elementary school.
2 - The proposed curriculum which based on small toys contributed in developing the skills of running, jumping, throwing, catching, equilibrium constant for the experimental group.
3 - There were significant differences between the experimental and control group in the development of basic motor skills in the post-test and the experimental group.
4 - The program does not have a positive impact in the development of some of the basic motor skills.
*Keywords: educational program- small toys- basic motor skill- elementary students

A comparative study of some kinematical variables for the flight phase of the hand boll between shooting from the (6m.) and the (9m.) line in handball

Sabah Fathallah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 217-230
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62652

The study aimed at finding the relationship between the kinematical variables of the shooting skill from the jump of the handball starting from (6m.) and (9m.) for the flight phase in handball.
The researcher has used the descriptive methodology as well as the technical scientific observation as a means for collecting data by using two video cameras with a speed of (25) fram per. second the research's samples has been consisted of (10) players. The kinematical analysis has been performed by applying (ACD, premier, If lima
A pilot study experiment has been conducted followed by the main experiment on the research subjects, then the data were handled statistically by using the arithmetic mean, the standard deviation, t-Test for dependent samples as being the statistical means of the research.
The researcher has attained a set of conclusions as follows:
1. Existence of significant differences of the angle of left knee and the horizontal vertical distance center of gravity mass of the body for the benefit of (6)meters
2. Existence for significant differences of and the inclination of right shoulder for the of knee angle the hip for the benefit of (9)meters
3. No significant differences for the rest of kinematics variables
The researcher has presented the following recommendations:
1. Confirming on the specification and training between the angles' movement and the movement of the body joints and parts during the practice of shooting in handball
2. Focusing on the horizontal and the vertical displacement while the ball on shooting during high jump in handball game.
Keywords: kinematical variables- flight phase- shooting- handball

Effect of Using Immediate and Delayed Feedbacks in Learning Some Basic Skills of Badminton Game

Nawfal Fadhil Rasheed

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 231-258
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62653

The present study shows the effect of using immediate and delayed feedbacks in learning some basic skills of badminton game, and the differences in the post-test between the groups of study in learning some basic skills of badminton game .
The researchers assume that there are no significant differences between the two experimental groups significant in learning some basic skills in badminton game, there are no significant differences in pre- and post-test between the groups of study in learning some basic skills in badminton game, and there are no significant differences in post-test between the groups of study in learning some basic skills in badminton game.
The experimental approach is adopted in the present study . The community of study includes (24) female from player colleges of Mosul University (2010-2011). The sample of study includes (18) female players, after putting aside (3) female players because they practice the game, and (3) female players were exclude because they didn't perform some tests . The sample is divided randomly into two experimental groups ( 9 for each). The first one takes lessons by using immediate feedback , and the second one takes lessons by using delayed feedback. Equivalence between the two groups, in terms of age, height, weight, some elements of physical and dynamic fitness, was done. Equivalent in skills of long serve as well as skills of forehand and backhand. The following statistical tools used in the present study were (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, correlation coefficient, t-test for related samples, t-test for unrelated samples).
Conclusions:
- The results of study demonstrate that using immediate and delayed feedback in learning some basic skills in badminton game is considered effective . The first experimental group overcame the second one according to skills of long serve and backhand (or shuttlecock) drive. Non-significant differences between the experimental groups in the skill of forehand drive (or shuttlecock) are also shown.
Keywords: Feedbacks- Immediate and Delayed- Basic Skills- Badminton

Contemporary philosophy of recreation sports from the perspective of Islamic law

Hadeel D Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 259-276
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62654

The importance of the research is appeared to know Islamic law inspects and its judge in practicing recreational sports for adult Muslim. The problem with research asks the following questions: 1 - What is the position of Islamic law in contemporary sports recreation within the boundaries of the holy Quraan and prophet? 2 - What is the philosophy of Islamic law practicing contemporary sports entertainment? The aim of the research to identify the contemporary philosophy of recreation sports from the perspective of Islamic law in its conception of the year. And I assumed that the researcher in Islamic law to consider the practice of contemporary recreation sports a positive outlook in light of the regulations governing recreational sports.
Descriptive approach was used in a manner desk research, and information gathering method is used content analysis of the sources of scientific and religious texts, and extracted them from tightening and educational guidance, and regulations governing the individual to enjoy the various recreational activities . And viewing the results and discussion reached the following conclusions: The general provision of sport in Islam is permissible because the origin of things permitted, and shall not be refused anything but evidence is unequivocal and consistent, if recreation Sports project Islam. 2 - recreation sports the contemporary purposes of legitimacy, and controls that must be met where to stay on the permissible 0.3 - should not distract the practice of sports for recreation and religious duty such as praying, fasting, pilgrimage and other rituals.
In light of the findings the researcher recommended the following:
1. Seek private universities, as well as all the Islamic propagandists to set up various meetings such as symposia, lectures and practicing some recreation al activities as poetical soiree etc., to highlight the tolerance of Islam in this matter, and consolidate the concept of legitimate recreation vision in persons themselves.
2. Strive to find the types and means to exercise recreation and sport within the
*Keywords: Contemporary philosophy - perspective of law.

Factorial Construction of Anthropometric Measurements for the Female Students of the college of Sport Education at Mosul University

Ghayda salim aziz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 277-302
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62655

The study aimed at:
Determining the simple anthropometric factor construction for the Female Students of the college of Sport Education at Mosul University. The population of the study included (75) sport education female students in all four grades in the academic year (2010-2011). The sample of the study consisted of (45) female students representing (60) % of the population and the method for collecting data used in the study included (26) anthropometric measurements including length, circumferences, width, and thickness of skinfolds. Data were analyzed by factor analysis using orthogonal rotation. The results of the study included:
- Factor analysis using orthogonal rotation performed on (26) anthropometric measurements of the Female Students of Sport Education college showed eight factors form which six were accepted based on the applied conditions for accepting the factor .
- The accepted factors resulting from the anthropometric measurements can be termed as follows :
• Weight growth measurement factor
• Body fat growth factor
• Body length factor
• Weight and circumference factors
• Upper limbs width factor
• upper and lower limbs lengths' Factor
A number of measurements were derived based on the accepted factors that represent the anthropometric measurement indices including (leg circumferences , skinfolds for tricps musule, length of leg, body weight, width of shoulders, and length of foot)
Keywords: Factorial construction-Anthropometric measurements- Female students

THE RELATION BETWEEN LONG JUMP FROM STABLE POINT AND VERTICAL JUMP IN MEASURING EXPLOSIVE POWER OFTHE LEGS FOR ORGANIZED GAMES PLAYERS

HIYAM SADIK AHMED

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 303-312
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62656

The importance of current research is to identify the relationship between long jump from stable point and vertical jump test considering both test the same variables for the players of organized games (football, handball, volleyball, basketball) and whether there is a privacy connection between these two tests for the players of four events in the college of physical education at the university of salahaddin.
he research aims at:
- Understanding the relationship between long jump from stable point and vertical jump in measureing explosive power the players of organized gamesThe researcher assumes the following: -
- The presence of significant correlation between long jump from stable point and vertical jump to measure explosive power of the two games with players of the organization.
the areas of research are:
- The human scope: players of the varsity of physical education colleges at the university of salahaddin for the orfganized games (football, handball, basketball, volleyball) for the academic year 2009-2010
Temporal scope:
-the period from 2/2/2010 to 11/2/2010.
- Spatial scope: indoor hall college of physical education college at the university of salahaddin.
The researcher used descriptive method with surveys style due to its appropriatense, the society of the research was the players of organized games (football, handball, basketball, volleyball) in the college of physical education / university of sallahelden for the academic year 2009/2010 reaching (60) players.
The sample was (40) players whom finished the tests, divided into two groupes , each one included (10) players , study was done on (8) players where team consisted of (2) players, thus the sample represennted (66.66%) of the total society of the research.
The researcher used the following tests:
-Long jump from stable point jump test- vertical jump test
Statistical methods were used the following:
-Thearithmeticmean.
-Standarddeviation.
-Lawofthepercentage.
-Coefficientofvariation.
-Simplecorrelationcoefficient.
Theresearcherconcluded:
-There is strong correlation between the two test of stability and broad jump in measuring vertical jump of the explosive power of legs of all the sampele of research except for football players.
The researcher recommends that:
-Depending of long jump from stable point and vertical jump tests when measuring for explosive power for the players of the organization games convergence of these two tests in the results.
*Keywords: Long jump- Vertical jump – explosive power- organized games

Contribution Percentages of certain Body Measurements and Physical Fitness Components on certain Handball Attack Skills for the students of Sport Education Institution in Akra

Dhyaa. Ibrahim; Shihab. hassan

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 313-336
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62657

The study aimed at being acquainted with the correlation among body measurements and certain handball attack skills for the students of Sport Education Institution in Akra; the correlation among physical fitness components and certain handball attack skills for the students of Sport Education Institution in Akra; the Contribution percentages of certain body measurements and physical fitness components on certain handball attack skills. The study also aimed at setting prediction formulas of certain handball attack skills depending upon body measurements and physical fitness components. The descriptive method with correlation style was used since it is convenient to the nature of the study. The sample included 67 students of institution of sport education in Akra. The tests of long jump from stability, throwing 3kg medicine ball, 30 m sprint, 300 m sprint, bending trunk forward-downward from standing position, zigzag running, accurate and fast passing, accuracy of distal 9m-line shooting, zigzag dribble, accuracy of long 25m passing, straight dribble and strength of the near passing from movement were used in this study in addition to certain body measurements.
The statistical package SPSS was used to process data. The most important conclusions were a negative significant correlation of the skills of passing and straight dribble to the body weight abdomen circumference; a positive significant correlation of the skills of passing, straight dribble and strength of the near throwing to the upper arm circumference and cuff length as body measurements; a positive significant correlation of the skills of zigzag dribble, accuracy of long throwing and straight dribble as skills to the locomotive speed, flexibility and agility; no significant correlation of the skills of zigzag dribble, accuracy of long throwing and straight dribble as skills to the locomotive speed, flexibility and agility. Finally, body measurements and physical fitness components collectively did not contributed significantly to the handball attack skills.
*Keywords: Contribution Percentages- Body Measurements- Physical Fitness Components- Attack Skills- Handball

The relationship between some kinematical variable and the accuracy of the Pool Long Serve in badminton

Alaa Al-Deen F

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 337-358
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62658

The aim of the research is identifying the accuracy values of skilful movement of the Pool Long Serve ,and also some kinematical variables for the serve, and the relationship between some kinematics variables and the accurate movement / The researcher followed a descriptive methodology for its suitability to the nature of the research, the sample of the research is consists of four players -,the camera is on (6) meter distant to player right side and its (1.2) meters high above surface of the court with speed of (25) frame per second .The data are handled statistically by using mean ,standard deviation ,and correlation / The researcher concluded that there was significant correlation between (the vertical distance for primary stage ,vertical speed for primary stage , The velocity of the hand and racket for the main stage ,linear speed to middle of racket for the main stage ,and the corner of the body to get the racket towards the back of the body for the main stage, time for final stage) and accuracy of the long high serve . and there is negative correlation between (the vertical distance for the center of gravity for the correlation stage , the vertical speed for the final stage) and accuracy of the long high serve .
The researcher recommended the following :T0 insure getting the hand back and up in primary stage so as to increase the vertical distance and vertical speed . t0 insure getting the drank back and up so that the racket be towards the back to increase distance movement . to insure the speed up and down movement with the extending of arm to make the player gain on the speed of distance movement of the head of the racket in addition to high speed for their high effect on performance accuracy . after the stage of hit the badminton we assure the corset following of arm till the stopping of the racket by the increasing of time because of their coorelation with the performance accuracy in lessening of horizontal distance and horizontal speed for the correlating negative in performance accuracy.
*Keywords: kinematical- the accuracy- Pool Long- badminton

MOTIVATION TRAITS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH EMOTIONAL RESPONSE FOR THE BASKETBALL PLAYERS PARTICIPATING IN THE WEST ASIAN CHAMPIONSHIP

Maeyof thanon hntosh

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 359-378
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62659

The aim of the research is to identify the features of the motivation and emotional response and the relationship between attributes of motivation and emotional response to the basketball players participating in the West Asian Championship
The researcher assumed the existence of a statistically significant relationship between the reality of personality motivation and emotional response as well as between personality and motivation, emotional response to the basketball players participating in the West Asian Championship.
The researcher used the descriptive approach with relation studies for it's suitability to the nature of the research.
The research community consisted of(37) basketball players and participants in the West Asian Championship held in the State of Iraq and in particular at province of Dohuk. The research sample consisted of (27) player by 73% of the research community, where the Iranian team was excluded because of the language.
The researcher used two standard scales of motivation for athletes designed by (Mohammad Hassan Allawi) and the measure of emotional response and put it in the original Thomas Ottko (Thomas. A. Tutko) in (1976) and re-image Arabic (Mohammad Hassan Allawi) and (Mohammad Arab, Shimon ) in (1978). As the researcher to find scientific bases of index of reliability , objectivity and consistency of the two measures
On June 4, 2010 and during the West Asian basketball championships in the State of Iraq and in particular the province of Dohuk. Scales were applied to the amount of basic research sample number (27) players for the basketball and participating in the tournament.
The researcher used the following statistical methods (mean, standard deviation, coefficient of simple correlation (Pearson), t.Test , coefficient of variation, percentage) research data were analyzed using the statistical program (spss)
By viewing and discussion the results the researcher concluded that basketball players who participate in the West Asian Championship features have positive motivation and athletes heroes have high personal qualities and have the positive features of the motivation.
The researcher recommended that work on the development of personality through the opening of the sessions and the establishment of sporting events to activate the psychological aspect of the players and especially personality to reach the best levels of sports, selecting players qualified to represent the national team in order to achieve outstanding achievements
Key words: Motivation Traits- Emotional Response- Basketball

Constructing an accuracy test of forehand drive in table tines

waleeed rajab; Ahmad s ismaeel; Ahmad. abdul aal

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 59, Pages 379-395
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.62660

The research aim at constructing an accuracy test of forehand drive in table tennis and find out standard level and scors for the sample .
The population of research consist off (177) students from senior student in college of sport education at the university of mosul the sample of study consisted of (83) students which respresend a percentage of(%46.892) from the main research population the researchers has statistical means such as : percentage – average –standard deviation – mode – coefficient skwenss – chi square – t test indepented sample.
The most important conclusion which the researchers found:
- Constructing an atest of accuracy forehand drive in table tennis
- the test was normally distributed according to coefficient of skwenss and chi squarce.
The researcher recommends the following:
- Making future studies according to the restriction which the study did not mention.
Keyword: Constructing- forehand- tines