Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 18, Issue 58

Volume 18, Issue 58, Winter and Spring 2012, Page 1-304


Discrimination analysis for some skills variables for goal keepers in foot ball

Waleed Kh.Rajab

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 1-19
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.49990

The research study has aimed at the following:
- Getting a function of discrimination for a number of skills variables for distinguished and non distinguished for goal keepers in foot ball .
- The society of the study was chosen intentionally representing goal keepers of some clubs and sport institutions in the city of mosul for the season( 2010-2011) . they were (24) goal keepers. the sample of research consisted of (12) goal keepers represented a percentage of (50%) of the overall research society.
- Both researchers used scientific references and personal interview as tools for collecting data and information. Both researchers have applied several tests for goal keepers skills which: receiving((Catching)The over-head ball from jumping and passing it, Handling(catching)the side–ball with jumping (diving), handling (catching) the side–ball without jumping. Punching the ball by one hand, Throwing the ball by one hand from shoulder level )) .
The following statistical means were used: ( mean , standard deviation , co- sekweens, regression) than the researchers have concluded several conclusions and recommended several recommendations.

A diagnostic study - Hypermobility Syndrome - athletic injuries

Muneeb A. Fathi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 20-38
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.49993

This study aimed to detect the clinical hypermobility syndrome in a sample of (150) students from Sport Education college, third academic year, University of Mosul, and to identify the possibility of these students to perform the difficult and unfamiliar movements, as well as, the relationship between these movements and hypermobility syndrome, the study also aimed to identify the percentages of injuries on different body parts.
The results showed hypermobility syndrome has appeared (30%) from of the community of research, as the study showed different levels of the acquired hypermobility syndrome , as well as the presence of differences between the various levels in the incidence of injuries in the different parts of the body, and differences were between the number of the parts of the body and arranged according to the most number of injuries were recorded (skin, joints, then the muscles, bones, finally ligaments), the study did not demonstrate significance relationship of acquired hypermobility syndrome with the sample of the performing difficult and unfamiliar movements and had answered the research sample of the questionnaire through the mouthpiece of it.
The study was recommended the need for a strength development programs directed towards the working muscles on the joints of the hypermobility syndrome for the persons with this syndrome. The performance of aerobic exercise to increase the level of fitness, body weight and control and maintain the ideal degree of muscles laxity and taking advice of doctors specialized in the joints, Orthopedics and physical therapy in the event of any injury, it suggested to perform a therapeutic program for the hypermobility syndrome until the end, also use braces, pillars and support of the joints. Finally, the study recommended opening new specializations for treating the athletics for each the part of body and injury, to develop the medical and physical treat mentin Iraq.

Analytical study of the basic skills and their relative importance in the competition of taekwondo players

Mahmood S.Salih

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 39-49
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50104

The research aims as follow:
• Determine the most important skills used in the competition for different weight of taekwondo players.
• Determine the contribution of each skill affecting level used in the competition for different weight for taekwondo players.
The research sample including 16 different weight players of international teams compete for the first and second place in the finals of the 18th world taekwondo championship in BEIJING (2007).
Data is got by a form arranged by the researchers who concluded and analyzed the film tape of the championship.
According to the obtained data we conclude the following:
• Swing kick skill got the first rank of the most skills used by all weights.
• Back kick skill got the second rank of the most skills used by all weights.
• Front swing kick skill got the third rank of the most skills used by all weights.
• Body punch skill got the forth rank of the most skills used by all weights.
• Upward swing kick skill got the last rank of the most skills used by all weights.
The researchers have recommended the following:
• Increase the training repetition of the Swing kick.
• Adopt the result of the research regarding all skills ranked by all the coaches in their training programs.

Attitudes of Ferule students of Mosul University to ward practicing of sports

Hadeel D. Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 50-64
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50107

The research problem can be summarized by the following question Is there any difference in trend of practice non practice female students to ward the cm crept of practicing physical activity during leisure time in the following dim unison of it (cognitive, emotional and psychological health and behavior)? The research aims at identifying the altitude of female students of Mosul University to ward practicing physical activity .during a leisure time then to how the differences between the practices um practices of physical activity in three dimensions of it ,for the female students of Mosul University.Descriptive metered with a survey style was used in or den to reach to goals of this research. the community of the research was in tend statistically chosen and which was represented by (252) female students of Mosul University. the data were statistically treated by using (percentage - mean standard deviation - T test and average hypothetical mean and analysis of variance-LSD).
The research cm clouded the following the were pasihre degree of attention of female students in physical activity for non-practice of sports activity.
The investment of leisure time in studwbs to ward practicing physical activity In the light of conclusion the he searcher we com mended. That the attendees of female students,should thane in to consideration when predicting physical activity during leisure timeAnd to encourage men practice female slated to invest their leisure time by practicing physical activities .

The Relationship of Certain Physical Height Measurements with the Most Important Basic Skills of Some Badminton's Female Players in Mosul University

Ethar .A. Ghazal

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 65-82
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50110

The research aimed at recognizing certain physical height measurements of badminton's female players in Mosul University as well as the relationship between some of the physical height measurements and the most basic skills of badminton (long high serve) of female players in Mosul University. The research population has consisted of (20) female badminton practitioners in Mosul University and the final sample of the research has reached (17) female players i.e. (85%) of the research population. The researchers have used the following tools for data collection: physical measurements registration form, a registration form of basic skills tests' scores which were handled by the following statistical means: (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient). The rustle Findings have shown a significant correlation between (the total height and the length of the arm) and the long high serve. Results have also shown no significant correlation between (the body weight, the arm, the hand, the leg and the trunk length from sitting position) and the long high serve.
Researchers recommended the necessity of taking into account the right performance of the long high serve during training as well as its importance in obtaining a direct score out of it and performing similar studies in the future that deal with basic skills according to their importance to the game along with physical measurements of male and female players.

Constructing shooting Capability Test via performance Accuracy and Endurance in Football

Dhurgham J. Mohammad

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 83-99
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50111

The research aims at :
Constructing shooting capability test via performance accuracy and endurance in football .
The research has included the following fields :
• human Field : The players of first class football clubs (the advanced ) of the Northern region .
• Time Field : The period between 1/11/2010 – 18/5/2011 .
• Place Field : The stadiums of the first class football clubs (the advanced ) of the Northern region .
The researchers have adopted the descriptive approach of the survey style for its convenience to the nature of the research . The research community is represented by the players of first class football clubs (the advanced ) for the sport season 2010-2011 .Their number is ( 131 ) players .On the other hand , the sample of construction is composed of (96) players , i.e. on the proportion ( 73,28 % ) of the total research community . The researchers have applied a questionnaire , a test ,and analyzing the content as a means of collecting data .
The researcher have used the following statistical means : the arithmetic mean ,the standard deviation , the simple correlating factor (Person ) , the standard degree , T –test of the independent samples , the coefficient Skewness and the standard degree .
The researchers have concluded :
- Constructing shooting capability test via performance accuracy and endurance in football.
The researchers have recommended :
- Using the test that has been obtained to assist the coaches to evaluate the level of their players in shooting skills via performance accuracy and endurance .

The Physical discrimination Function for the Students of the Intermediate school in Mosul

Hashim A. Sulaiman

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 100-115
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50115

The physical fitness is considered one of determinants of selection which is the essential step to recognize the superiority of a group and classify them according to definite data into superiors and common in those physical elements that give us a definite significances in the operation of selection and classification . So ,the absence of scientific equations for classifying the students into superiors and common in most determinants of performance ,i.e. the physical part , is a real problem mentioned by the researchers in their studies .Thus , both researchers attempts to re-examine this problem .Accordingly , the research problem is summarized within the following question : Is there any equation of determining the superiority in physical fitness ?
The research objectives are :
• Establishing physical tests that discrimination the students of the intermediate school.
• Obtaining the discrimination function for the physical variables for the students of the intermediate school ,the superiors and the common .
The research hypothesis :
• The presence of discrimination between the superior intermediate school students and the common superior intermediate school students in the physical variables .
The sample have been chosen of (200) intermediate school students from Mosul centre .The researchers have adopted the physical tests for measuring the elements of physical fitness representing in endurance ,speed differentiated force , the explosive force , fitness , and flexibility.The data have been treated by using the following statistical means(the arithmetic mean ,the standard deviation , the percentage the correlating coefficient and the discrimination analysis ).
The researchers have concluded the following :
• Via using the discriminationting analysis for the physical variables ,we can obtain some variables that discrimination the superiors according to the following equation :
The discrimination equation = (11,384)- (0,064) X (run (600m) – (2,034) X (run (30m) + (0,357) X (march for maximum distance ) + (0,343) X ( the frontal repose ) + (0,448) X (the force differentiated by abdominal muscles speed ) + (1,917) X ( throwing the medical ball ) + (0,019) X (the broad from constancy ) – (0,353) X (lightness ) – (o,196) X (flexibility ) .
• The equation of discrimination can classify the students .The success rate of the equation in classification was (98%) from the superior students and (96%) from the common students according to their measurements in the differentiation equation .
The researchers have recommended the following :
• The necessity of using physical tests resulted by the study for its convenience in choosing the best students for practicing sport activities .
• Adopting the equation resulted by the study in differentiating the students according to the skillful aspect ,as well as the capability of using it in expectancy .
• Making other studies on functional and psychological variables and physical measurements .

Assessment of the degree of seriousness in the work of employees in the units of physical education and technical colleges of the University of Mosul, and their relationship to psychological stability

Nagam Kh.Najib

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 116-140
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50123

The-research-aims-to:
- Constructing a measure of seriousness in the work of employees in the units of physical education and art teachers of physical education from the holders (PhD, Masters and BA)in the faculties of the University of Mosul.
- Evaluating the degree of seriousness at work and psychological instability among workers in the units of physical education and art teachers of physical education from the holders (PhD, Masters, and BA) in the faculties of the University of Mosul.
- Identify the relationship between the degree of seriousness in the work and psychological stability among workers in the units of physical education and technical certification campaign (Doctoral, Masters, and BA) in the faculties of the University of Mosul.
Used the descriptive method-style survey and the correlation is adequate to the nature of the research, which included the research community to workers in the units of physical education and technical colleges of the University of Mosul for the year (2010-2011), who are teachers of physical education from the holders (PhD, Masters, and BA), and numbered ( 80) a teacher, distributors to colleges of the University of Mosul, the (20) College, and included the search tool on the scale (hard work), prepared by researchers adoption of the steps and the scientific procedures in the preparation of standards, and included identification of areas of the scale, and the formulation of the paragraphs of each area, and certified experts, and certified content, were prepared Guidelines for the measurement, and statistical analysis of the paragraphs bakacad (groups Almtdhad, and coefficient of internal consistency), was confirmed the stability of the standard manner (equity dissident style paragraphs (odd and even)), and use a scale (emotional stability), the researchers used statistical means the following: the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and coefficient of simple correlation, and test (T), and equation (Spearman - Brown), and medium premise of the scale, and the percentage.
The researchers reached the following conclusions:
- The effectiveness of the scale, which was prepared for measuring the degree of seriousness in working conditions for workers in the units of physical education and art teachers of physical education from the holders (PhD, Masters, and BA) in the faculties of the University of Mosul.
- Working in the units of physical education and technical degree holders (PhD, Masters, and BA) teachers of physical education and technical colleges of the University of Mosul, in general have much serious work and the stability of myself higher than average premise of the scale, indicating the enjoyment seriously and stability of the positive psychological impact well on the action sports university, in terms of turnout students to practice sports and to participate.
- The presence of positive significant correlation coefficient between the degree of seriousness in the work and psychological instability among workers in the units of physical education and art teachers of physical education from the holders (PhD, Masters, and BA) in the faculties of the University of Mosul, increasing the degree of psychological stability have a positive influence on the degree of seriousness in the work.

Responses of some blood coagulation factors in recovery period after interval and continuous efforts for swimmers

Nashwan I. Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 141-158
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50131

تحددت مشكلة البحث في دراسة استجابات بعض عوامل تخثر الدم في فترة استعادة الشفاء بعد الجهدين الفتري والمستمر لدى السباحين. وهدف البحث إلى الكشف عن استجابات بعض عوامل تخثر الدم في فترة الاستشفاء بعد الجهد الفتري والمستمر وفي فترة الاستشفاء(1) ساعة بعد الجهدين الفتري والمستمر لدى السباحين. تم استخدام المنهج التجريبي بتصميم المجموعة الواحدة لملاءمته لطبيعة البحث، وتكونت عينة البحث من (13) سباح يمثلون منتخب محافظة نينوى للسباحة فئة المتقدمين تم اختيارهم بالطريقة العمدية، وكان متوسط أعمارهم وأوزانهم وأطوالهم
(20 ±1,21) سنة و (68,6 ± 7,90) كغم و (174± 5,27) على التوالي ، تم إخضاعهم لاختبار السباحة بالجهدين الفتري والمستمر، اذ تحدد اختبار الجهد الفتري بالسباحة الحرة في حوض السباحة لفترة زمنية مقدارها (15) دقيقة لمجموعة واحدة قسمت إلى ثلاث تكرارات زمن التكرار الواحد (5) دقائق مع فترة راحة مقدارها (2.5) دقيقة راحة ايجابية (سباحة) بين تكرار واخر ، بينما تحدد الجهد المستمر بالسباحة الحرة في حوض السباحة بفترة عمل مقدارها (15) دقيقة بشكل مستمر، وكانت شدة كلا الجهدين الفتري والمستمر (50% – 60%) من القيمة القصوى لمعدل ضربات القلب وقد تراوحت شدة الجهدين الفتري والمستمر وفقا لمعدل النبض مابين (130-150 ) نبضة/دقيقة. وقد تم اجراء اختبارات الجهدين الفتري والمستمر واختبار فترة الاستشفاء في درجة حرارة محيط تراوحت مابين (24-26) درجة مئوية ورطوبة تراوحت (40-50) و درجة حرارة ماء تراوحت (27-28) درجة مئوية. واستخدم الباحث الاختبار والقياس و جميع المعلومات المتوفرة كوسائل وأدوات لجمع البيانات , إذ استخدمت مجموعة من الأجهزة والأدوات الطبية والمختبرية . وقد تم دراسة المتغيرات زمن خميرة التخثر الجزئية النشطة (APTT) وزمن البروثرومبين (PT) ومستوى الفايبرينوجين (Fibrinogen) وزمن نزف الدم (Bleeding Time) وعدد الصفيحات الدموية (Platelet)وعولجت البيانات إحصائيا باستخدام المتوسط الحسابي والانحراف المعياري واختبار (ت) للعينات المرتبطة.وتوصل البحث الى حدوث:
1- زيادة في زمن خميرة التخثر الجزئية النشطة (APTT) وعدد الصفيحات الدموية وزمن نزف الدم في فترة الاستشفاء لمدة(1) ساعة بعد السباحة بالجهدين الفتري والمستمر.
2- انخفاض في مستوى الفايبرينوجين في فترة الاستشفاء لمدة(1) ساعة بعد السباحة بالجهدين الفتري والمستمر
3- زيادة في زمن البروثرومبين (PT) في فترة الاستشفاء لمدة(1) ساعة بعد السباحة بالجهد الفتري.
4- كانت الزيادة الاكبر في زمن نزف الدم في فترة الاستشفاء لمدة(1) ساعة بعد السباحة بالجهد المستمر مقارنة بزيادة زمن نزف الدم في فترة الاستشفاء بعد السباحة بالجهد الفتري.

A comparative study of the physical - self of the volleyball players of the faculties of science and humanity at the University of Mosul

Rafi A. AbdulGhafor

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 159-170
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50138

The research aims to
- To identify the level of physical - self to the volleyball players of the science and humanity faculties.
- To identify the differences between the level of physical - self of the volleyball players of the two sets combined science faculties and humanity faculties .
- To identify the differences between the level of physical - self of the volleyball players of the sports teams of the faculties of science and colleges the players of sports teams for humanity colleges.

The sample of research (80) players representing eight teams of the faculties of the University of Mosul, the rate of (4) teams each from the collection of scientific, humanitarian and a rate of (10) players for the team one, and the researchers used a measure of physical - self with the players, volleyball, prepared by (Mohammad Hassan Allawi, EA Hilali and Timor Ahmed Ragheb, 1998). The researchers used a bag of statistical data processing to obtain the mean and standard deviation and t-test and analysis of variance.
After viewing the results and discussed the researchers found out the following:
- The high level of physical - self to the volleyball players for the faculties of the University of Mosul.
- Did not show significant differences of the physical with the volleyball players for the two sets of colleges Scientific and humanitarian.
Based on the Results of the search, researchers recommend the following:
- Emphasis on the psychological aspects because of their effect in promoting self-confidence and self-esteem.
- Attention to the development of physical fitness in general and focus on developing the components of fitness for a game of volleyball.
- Conduct research similar to a variety of sporting events.

Designing and building a test for measuring the ability of scoring through the performance accuracy and endurance of Futsal players

Rabeea K. Jameel

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 171-187
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50141

The problem of the research was defined by the non-availability of a test for measuring the ability of scoring through the performance accuracy and endurance of Futsal players. The research aimed at the following:
- Designing and building a test for measuring the ability of scoring through the performance accuracy and endurance of Futsal players
- Establishing standard grades and levels for testing the ability of scoring through the performance accuracy and endurance of Futsal players.
The research population has consisted of Futsal players from first-class clubs in the northern and western regions within the national tournament of Iraq. The research sample has been tested according to the intentional method and has included the following sport clubs ( Nineveh, Alfutuwa, Almosul, Ashti, Aldoor, Balad, Alwahda and Alanbar). The building sample has reached (32) players, while the application sample has consisted of (96) players out of (113) which represents (85%) of the research population. In order to attain the required data of the research; the researcher has used the content analysis, questionnaire and test as well as the following scientific coefficient: invariability by re-test, artificial validity, subjective validity, differentiation validity of the upper and the lower groups and objectivity. The researcher has used the following statistical means: arithmetic mean, normative deviation, Pearson simple coefficient correlation, T-test for dependant and equal samples in number, percentage law, mode, skneess coefficient and Kai-square test of modified normative grade (6-δ). The most important results attained are as follows:
- Following the scientific means in building the tests; it has been based on good scientific bases such as: invariability, validity, objectivity and proper normal distribution.
- Tables- related to normative levels and normative grades (6-δ) have been attained.
- The test was naturally distributed. The most important recommendations were as follows:
- Adopting the test as it has achieved scientific bases such as: invariability, validity, objectivity and natural distribution in correcting and evaluating the scoring process of Futsal players.
- Adopting the normative tables attained by the research in correcting and evaluating players' level.

The effect of using the system Delorm weightlifting exercises in aspects of muscle strength and some basic skills of volleyball

Maan A. jasem

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 188-212
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50142

There search imstoreveal:
The effect of using the system in Delorm aspects of my skills and muscle power transmission and spike the ball flight. Presumably Search:
There were significant differences between pretest and post system Delorm weightlifting exercises in aspects of my skills and muscle power transmission and spike and the post test. The researchers used the experimental method is adequate to the nature of the research was carried out the experiment on a sample of the players club Nineveh and youth volleyball and who are (20) for the player and ages (15-17 years), were chosen the way intentional, was divided into two experimental and control group in a lottery to include all group (8) players, the group (1) used the system Delorm, and G (2) used the Trainer Program, were excluded (4) players to experience the reconnaissance was to achieve uniformity and parity between the two sets of research, was conducted tests to aspects of muscle strength and my skills transmission and spike tribal, and has been the implementation of the curriculum, it took the implementation of the curriculum (8) weeks and Ptmuj movement Download (3: 1) the rate of (3) training modules in the week, after that, the researchers carried out tests for aspects of muscle strength and my skills transmission and spike dimensional, and the researchers used statistical methods appropriate for research, researchers found the following conclusions:
- Create training program for the experimental group system Delorm advanced significantly in most aspects of my skills and muscle power transmission and spike and create developed in the force characterized by the speed of the arms but has not lived up to the point of moral.
- Create training program for the control group, which was prepared by the instructor developed significantly in most aspects of muscle strength except force characterized by the speed of the arms and legs as well as my skills developed significantly in the transmitter and spike, in the light of the conclusions reached by the researchers have recommended including thefollowing:
-Use system Delorm in training for volleyball players.
- Use system Delorm up exercises used in the module to achieve better results.
- Use system Delorm for different age groups and both sexes and on the other variables.

Reasons Appearances of Riot-football field periodic in Sudan Universities

Mahmoud Y. Mahmoud

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 213-227
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50144

This study aims to study the important of riot in sport fields for this study, faculties in Sudanese Universities used the quantitative method (classification) for population which contains students, player, others related to football as sport. A random sample was selected of 1600 individuals and data gathered by questionnaire and interview.
Conclusions of study for riot:
1-the bad behavior in the field by players or other people that achieved the sabotage or violence.
2- Also the referees, administrators and players contribute for that.
Recommendations:
1- Sooed of sport awareness
2- Referees must be the best in the field
3- We have to control by more controls to reduce

Effects of a Suggested Training Program on the Body Compositions, Minute Ventilation and Heart Rate Variables

Ahmed A. Taha

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 228-240
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50146

This study conducted on a sample including eight obesity nonathletes subjects. There age range was 32-38 years for the period from 1/3- 30/4/2011. The study had designed to test the effectiveness of a suggested training program to reduce weight and to improve physical fitness.
The results showed a significant effect in variables of minute ventilation (P=0.025) in the terms of increasing rest tidal volume (P=0.001), reducing rest heart rate (P=0.002) and reducing body weight (P=0.001) and body fat (P=0.001) as a body compositions.
The researchers suggest that a restricted dietary program if added to the suggested program, it will increase the effectiveness of the program.

Effective use of interactive video to develop some skills of deception in basketball for the students in physical education and sports at the University of Al-Aqsa

ahmed. Y hamdan

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 241-255
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50149

Abstract: This study aimed to identify the effectiveness of using interactive video to develop some skills of deception in basketball for the students in physical education and sports at the University of Al-Aqsa, and the amount of efficiency that is characterized by interactive video in the development of those skills, the researcher used in this study, the experimental method, and represented the study sample ( 14) students from the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport at the University of the maximum level, the fourth and most distinguished in the game of basketball for the year 2010.2011, and the instrument of the study is a set of skills of deception with the ball, namely, (a change in direction step, cross step weighted deception to correction and then a conversation, deception to correction and correction, a conversation with focal and rotation) and without the ball (forward slash, forward slash and a return to the same place, the pieces in the form of V, the pieces in the form of Z, slash-and-spin) and has been implementing the program through the vision of interactive video, and the use of the researcher test and Wilcoxson to get to know the significance of these differences between the averages, standard deviation and relative weight, and the results proved the effectiveness of interactive video in the development of some skills of deception in the basketball well proportioned and mixed, and were as follows: deception with the ball (change of direction move cross-23.89%, a move likely 14.84 %, deception to correction and Interviewing 24.64%, deception to correction and correction 30.69%, a conversation with focal and turnover 20.94%) and without the ball (forward slash 21.43%, a forward slash and a return to the same place 13.87%, the pieces in the form of V 26.46% , the pieces in the form of Z 9.70%, slash-and-rotation 17.85%), and the most important recommendations for further studies and research to find out the effectiveness of interactive video in physical education, conduct research and studies on the rest of the skills of basketball games and other individual and collective .

A Consecutive Study of Some Electrocard ogramVariables of during Applying Aerobic Stress to (11-12) Years Old Children

Mohammad T. Othman

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 256-280
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50150

Abstract
Exploring the effect and immediate response of standard aerobic stress in the circulatory system dynamic variables, and recognizing their values at rest, during and directly after aerobic stress in healthy children (11-12) are obviously necessary to reach a scientific basis. The exercises and training modules will be built on such a basis in concord with the children's abilities through discovering and comparing the research variables. Moreover, the results of these studies are part of the basis that is necessary for any sports field work. This agrees with the experts and other concerned views that high sports levels require for physical, skill, and physiological preparation. This study aims to: recognize the values of some physiological variables before, during aerobic stress in (11-12) years old children. Also to discover the different values of the physiological variables between the different measure stages in (11-12) years old children..
To validate the research hypotheses, the researcher used the descriptive method for being suitable to the research methodology. The samples was randomly selected and included (30) male pupils from Bilal Al-Habashi and Al-Muthanna primary schools in Mosul.
The researchers used Bruce test for aerobic stress and body measurements to collect data. Some variables were taken as vital indicators for the adequate functioning of the cardio-circulatory system. The variables covered some variables were related to the electrocardiogram (ECG) such as: Heart Rate (HR), Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH),RightVentricularHypertrophy (RVH), QRS Interval,S-T Interval,Q-T Interval, P-R Interval, P-R Segment, T-wave and Heart Axis. To validate the study aims, the researchers applied Bruce test for aerobic stress in all the subjects between (24/3/2008 to 2/4/2008).
The researchers used the following statistical tools: (Arithmetic Mean, Standard Deviation, Coefficient of Variation "C.V", Paired- Sample t-test and Relative Change Equation). It is concluded that there is clear increase of HR over the different measure stages of the aerobic stress. And there is more evident decrease of the Diastolic duration than the Systolic duration in successive stress stages, expressed by the variables of the ECG measurements. And there is more increase in the right ventricle' voltage than the that of the left ventricle, especially in the intermediate stage of the consecutive test, although there are no obvious differences in the heart voltage values throughout the variables (LHV, RVH and T-Wave). Finally, although there are no obvious differences in Heart Axis, there is a simple rightward deviation of the heart axis to the intermediate stage of the consecutive test, and up to normalcy at the final stages of the consecutive test.

Analytical Study to Administrating time Out for Coaches of youth Clubs of Iraq Basketball

Ryadh A. Ismaeel

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 58, Pages 281-304
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2012.50152

الملخص
هدف البحث إلى:
1. مستوى إدارة الوقت المستقطع لدى مدربي فرق شباب أندية العراق بكرة السلة من وجهة نظر اللاعبين.
2. معنوية الفروق في إدارة الوقت المستقطع بين مدربي فرق شباب أندية العراق بكرة السلة في ضوء متغيرات (الشهادة التدريبية، والخبرة التدريبية، والشهادة العلمية ).
3. زمن الوقت المستقطع المستثمر من قبل مدربي فرق شباب أندية العراق بكرة السلة.
ولأجل الوصول إلى هذه الأهداف استخدم المنهج الوصفي بطريقة المسح على (82) لاعبا يمثلون (8) أندية شاركت في بطولة شباب العراق بكرة السلة فضلا عن بعض متغيرات مدربيهم ، وللحصول على البيانات تم تطبيق استمارة استبيان لإدارة الوقت المستقطع من قبل مدربي كرة السلة ، كما اعتمدت الملاحظة العلمية لغرض تحديد أزمنة الوقت المستقطع ومرحلتيه بعد توفر الشروط العلمية فيهما ، وقد عولجت البيانات إحصائيا من خلال الوسط الحسابي والانحراف المعياري ومعامل الارتباط البسيط والمتوسط الفرضي واختبار (ت) لعينتين مستقلتين وتحليل التباين واختبار اقل فرق معنوي .
وقد استنتج الباحثون الأتي:
1- يمتلك معظم مدربو عينة البحث مستوىً ايجابيا ً في إدارة الوقت المستقطع يتراوح مابين معتدل إلى مرتفع .
2- وجود فروق معنوية في إدارة الوقت المستقطع ولصالح المدربين من ذوي الخبرة الأكثر والشهادة التدريبية الأعلى.
3- وقوع أزمنة استثمار المدربين للوقت المستقطع ضمن الوقت الذي أشارت إليه المصادر المتخصصة بكرة السلة.
وقد أوصى الباحثون بعدة توصيات منها :
1- تعزيز قدرات وخبرات المدربين في إدارة الوقت المستقطع من خلال الدورات التدريبية.
2- التأكيد على الهيئات الإدارية في الأندية الرياضية في اختيار المدربين الذين يمتلكون خبرة أكثر وشهادة تدريبية أعلى.