Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 17, Issue 57

Volume 17, Issue 57, Summer and Autumn 2011, Page 1-170


Analyzing group of flexibility tests on the basis of body segments for the sport Education female students

Ghaida S. Aziz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 1-15
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5981

Abstract
The research aims at:
Identifying the simple factorial analysis of flexibility tests on the basis of body for sport Education female students.
The sample of the study consisted of (60) female students in the four grads in the college of sport education at the university of Mosul. The means of college the data involved (20) tests and measurements which represent (height, weight, and flexibility tests). Data was treated statistically by using the orthogonal rotation. the findings of the research were as follow:
- Orthogonal rotation which has been conducted on (20) variables that stood for height, weight, and flexibility tests, showed eight factors, five of which were accepted in light of the conditions identified for accepting the factors.
- The factors which were prominent through the flexibility tests analyses that have been accepted allow us to list the following:
• Neck flexibility factor.
• Spine flexibility factor on the horizontal axis.
• Shoulders and trunk flexibility factor.
• the factor of measuring the extent of legs stretching.
• Dynamic flexibility factor.
- A group of tests were extracted in light of the accepted factors which represent flexibility tests (neck rotation to both sides, bending the trunk to the front in the position of standing, lifting the trunk and the two arms behind the neck, the parallel, full stretching of the legs and square touching).

A COMPARATIVE STUDY Of THE ELEMENTS OF GENERAL AND SPECIFIC PHYSICAL FITNESS AMONG FOOTBALL PLAYING LINES

Mahmood Younis

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 16-32
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.162843

The research aims at the following:
Realizing the differences in the elements of general and specific physical fitness among football playing lines. The researcher hypothesis is that significant differences are found in the elements of general and specific physical fitness among football playing lines. The descriptive method has been applied by the researcher for its convenience with the nature of the research. The research sample has been chosen intentionally represented by the players of Almustaqbal & Almashriq football clubs for the academic year (2010-2011). The research sample has consisted of (21) players distributed on three lines (defense, middle and forward). Each line has consisted of (7) players, tested in the elements of general and specific physical fitness under discussion. The researcher has applied (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, skewness ,coefficient, one-direction variation analysis and the least significant difference (LSD) test) as statistical means.
The researcher has attained the following conclusions:         

Significant differences are found in the elements of general and specific physical fitness (agility, general endurance, legs’ explosive force, legs’ force endurance and speed endurance) among the (defense, middle and forward) lines.
Non significant differences are found in the elements of general and specific physical fitness (transitional speed, flexibility, legs’ force endurance and legs’ speed differentiated force) among the (defense, middle and forward) lines.
Defense and forward lines players were superior to middle line players in the elements of legs’ explosive force and legs’ force endurance, while the level of the defense and forward line players was convergent regarding legs’ explosive force and legs’ force endurance.
Middle and forward line players were superior to defense line players in agility element, while the level of the middle and the forward line players was convergent regarding agility element.
Middle line players were superior to defense and forward line players in speed endurance element.
Middle line players were superior to defense and forward line players in general endurance element.

In the light of the conclusions attained, the researcher has recommended the following:

Individual or specific training of players pursuant to their playing lines and in convenience with the physical, skillful, planning, psychological and mental aspects should be confirmed upon.

A Comparative Study to the Rate of Total Speed between the Two Ends of Right and Left Weight Barbell in Snatch Lift

Laith I Sabri; Maad Mani Alawi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 33-46
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5978

Abstract
One of the important sport activities and role out in the international titleholder is the weight lifting. Several countries are nowadays sought to develop this sport to achieve the higher levels. This sport is characterized having uniqueness, individuality and self abilities of athlete. The basic components are required via upgrade the performance such as the physical skills of the weight lifter as well as the biomechanical use of the skills and the psychological, intellectual, social and physical measurements. The physical training should be developed by the potential components to realize ideal performance and speed.
Speed is one of the essential elements to the weight lifter, in addition to the other elements such as strength, flexibility. The amount of these elements owned by the weight lifter himself in body limbs plays a role to identify the trajectory of the weight barbell on the right and left ends in snatch lift. Some references refer that the is a sort of differences whatsoever between the trajectory formulaic to the barbell between right and left ends (Al-Obaidi, 2001: E-F). The references pointed out the reasons of such difference are the differences in the amount of flexibility owned by the lifter in the right and left limbs (Vorobyev, 1978: 101-104; Less, 1999: 304). The strength is also taken into account in weight speed as the basis of snatch lift success.
The researchers found that the topic is well deserved to be proved scientifically, through the technical observation and reduce the failure snatch lift.
The paper aimed at the following:
• Identifying the values of Kinematic (spaces, timing, and speed) of the trajectory to the weight barbell of both ends (right and left) in snatch lift.
• Identifying the differences between trajectory speed of weight barbell between right and left.
The researchers proposed that there are significant differences between trajectories in the speed of weight barbell between the right and left ends in snatch lift.
The methods of the study included:
• Human resources: weight lifters in Nineveh Province (advanced groups).
• Temporal resources: 1-9/2007 to 3-9/2007
• Special recourses: Weight lifting hall – University of Mosul.
The researchers used descriptive method to be suitable with the nature of the research. The sample consisted of (6) players of advanced groups in Nineveh Province. The have had advanced steps in country championships. The researchers selected measures, tests and technical observations to analyze data collected. To do this, two Sony Mi 8 (tape Mp120), they were put 8 m distance from the left and right sides to measure the Kinematic variables of the barbell. The height of the lens was 1 m of ground. The record speeds of camera were 25 per second. Group of software were used to have the variables (I film), (Adobe Photoshop 8), (Auto Cad 2002) and (Excel)
The researchers used the following:
• Arthmatic regression.
• Standard deviation
The researchers concluded the following:
• There are no significant differences to the barbell speed in snatch lift between right and left.
• There are differences in the values of total speed to the trajectory of weight barbell between right and left.
The study recommended:
• Developing the speed of the weight lifters equally to both sides, because it has an effect on Kinematic values and the trajectory formulaic.
• Conducting the similar studies to identify the effect of strength physical on trajectory in left and right sides.

Analyzing some bio-kinematic variables of Free Swimming with Ball in Water Polo Game

Waleed Gh.Th.Albadrani

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 47-62
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5984

Abstract
This paper aimed at:
1- Designing a test for Free Swimming with Ball.
2- Identifying the values of some kinematic variables of Free Swimming with Ball.
3- Identifying the relation among some kinematic variables of Free Swimming with Ball.
The sample of the study (115 students) was taken from the students of the College of Physical Education in Mosul University, fourth grade, who are (146 students) for the semester 2009-2010, they were chosen intentionally representing 78.767% from the real community of the study The best (15) students were chosen to perform the test. The researcher used the test, technical and scientific observation, measurement and analysis as means to collect data. A video camera was used with a speed of 25 pictures per second to conclude the variables of the research. The researcher used the descriptive approach for its appropriateness to the study, statistical treatments were also used such as (arithmetical mean, standard deviation, simple coefficient of (Pearson). The researcher concluded the following:
• There is a positive correlative relation between achievement on the one hand and the total speed of water polo and the average of strike length of swimming with ball
• There is a positive correlative relation between achievement and the total number of the strikes in Swimming with Ball.
• There is a positive correlative relation between the total speed in water polo and the average of the strike length of the ball
• There is a negative correlative relation between the total number of the arm strikes in water polo on the one side and the average of the time of each strike and the average of a strike length on the other
• There is a positive correlative relation between the total number of the arm strikes on the one side and the average of frequency of each strike and the average of the speed of each strike in Swimming with Ball.
• There is a negative correlative relation between the average of the speed of each strike and the speed of arm's angle
• There is a negative correlative relation between the average of strike length on the one hand and the average of strike frequency and the speed of each strike on the other.
The researcher recommended a group of recommendations:
• For the sake of improving the speed of water polo player frequent strikes should be concentrated on along with the increase of strike length
• Concentrating on training in swimming for long and various distances in order to control the ball during swimming
• Concentrating on improving the horizontal speed of water polo player along with preserving the ball within the two arms
• Paying attention to training on speed tolerance along with the ball and training on ball controlling within the arms
• Making further studies on types of swimming with the ball that water polo player needs such as chest swimming with the ball, side swimming with the ball and zigzag swimming.

Job satisfaction, according to some personal variables for faculty and administrative staff in departments and colleges of Physical Education University of Mosul

Thabit E. Hamodat

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 63-82
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5983

Abstract
The research aims to identify:
1 - job satisfaction for faculty and administrative staff in artments and colleges of Physical Education University of Mosul.
2 - Differences in job satisfaction among faculty members and administrative staff in departments and colleges of Physical Education University of Mosul.
3 - Identify the most important dimensions that help to job satisfaction in departments and colleges of Physical Education University of Mosul.
4 - Differences in job satisfaction, according to some personal variables (sex, marital status, experience, academic achievement, job title) of faculty members and administrative staff in departments and colleges of Physical Education University of Mosul.
The researcher used the descriptive approach, the research sample consisted of (163) individual distributors to (109) faculty members and (54) administrative staff. To achieve the objectives of the research the rosary in to a questionnaire of job satisfaction for the teacher and the chief administrative officer of the university, which was prepared by (Ahazzamip, 2009) after confirmation of the validity and reliability The data were statistically fretted by using arithmetic mean and medium-premise, standard deviation Test coefficient (Alpha), analysis of variance in one direction and LSD test The researcher concluded the following:
1 - There were job satisfaction with the faculty staff and administrative officer of the university departments and colleges of physical education towards the management side and the psychological side, wages and incentives and training aspect.
2 – There were no significant differences between faculty and administrative staff in departments and colleges of Physical Education in the dimensions of job satisfaction.
3 - There is variation in the dimensions that help to job atisfaction for faculty staff and administrative staff in departments and colleges of Physical Education, The psychological aspect job first in the standings, followed by wages, status, incontire, the administrative side and the side training.
4 - There were no significant differences in job satisfaction according to the variables of sex,maritalstatus,educationalattainmentandjobtitle.
5 - There were significant differences in job satisfaction according to the experience variable for the category (16 years old - and older) and (1-5 years old) and (6-10 years) and age group (11-15 years).

BUILDING UP A BATTERY FOR TESTING SENIOR FUTSAL PLAYERS’

Saad fathel; Anmar younis

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 83-108
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5980

Abstract
The research aims at:
• constructing a battery for testing senior Futsal players’ skill.
• Establishing standard scores and levels for each units of the battery.
The theoretical framework has dealt with a summary about Futsal compared to football as well as the basic skills of Futsal, testing battery and coefficient analysis followed by a presentation and a discussion of similar studies.
Regarding the research procedures; the researcher , have applied the descriptive methodology according to the style of correlated studies, The research sample consisted of (92) players represent the clubs of Ninevah, Futuwa, Ayadsheet, Alhatra, Sinjar and Rabi’a) and were chosen deliberately, then followed by getting acquainted to the basic skills of Futsal as well as the rationed tests via analyzing the content of specialized scientific references and sources. As there is insufficient number of standardized tests in Futsal, something that is not in favor of the study objective, the researcher went into modifying a number of reliable tests in football. Thus, the researcher have got (17) skillful tests, (11) of which are standardized tests and (6) are modified.
Following the factor analysis of skillful variables; the analysis came to six factors four of which were accepted in the light of the preconditions for factor acceptance which is the first, the second, the third and the fourth factor. Factors were named and tests representing the battery were nominated as follows:
1. The first factor: Hitting the ball and dribbling. Scoring test from movement upon the overlapped divisions inside the goal was nominated.
2. The second factor: Dribbling and hitting the ball. Dribbling with the ball around (6) stakes with different dimensions back and forth test was nominated.
3. The third factor: Calming down and hitting the ball. Calming down a ground ball within two circles from a moving position test was nominated.
4. The fourth factor: Scoring from movement. Scoring from movement.
The most important recommendation are :
- Depending on Battery and it scale as a basis of choosing those who want to participate in the Futsal Football.

The Philosophical Values for the Lecturers of Sports Education College in Mosul University

ood Ab-Mohsin

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 109-128
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5976

الملخص
هدف البحث إلى :
• قياس القيم الفلسفية لدى تدريسي كلية التربية الرياضية في جامعة الموصل.
• التعرف على الفروق بين تدريسي كلية التربية الرياضية بجامعة الموصل وفقا للفروع التي ينتمون إليها.
وقد تم استخدام المنهج الوصفي بالأسلوب المسحي لملائمته وطبيعة البحث واشتمل مجتمع البحث على تدريسي كلية التربية الرياضية في جامعة الموصل والبالغ عددهم (102) تدريسيا موزعين على (4) فروع وهي كل من فرع العلوم الرياضية، والالعاب الفردية، والألعاب الفرقية ومديرية التربية الرياضية والفنية.
وتم استخدام مقياس القيم في المجال الرياضي الذي قام بتصميمه(الصميدعي، 2011) كأداة للبحث. وقد استخدم الباحث المعالجات الاحصائية المتمثلة بـ(الوسط الحسابي،الانحراف المعياري، قانون النسبة المئوية، ومعامل الارتباط البسيط بيرسون، واختبارات تحليل التباين، واقل فرق معنوي).
وتوصل الباحث الى الاستنتاجات الاتية:
1. تختلف القيم الفلسفية بين اعضاء هيئة التدريس في كلية التربية الرياضية في جامعة الموصل وفقا لسنوات خبرتهم.
2. يعتمد الاختلاف القائم على القيم الدينية والاجتماعية والاقتصادية وفقا للفروع العلمية التي ينتمي إليها اعضاء هيئة التدريس.
3. هناك تباين واضح في درجات القيم الفلسفية على وفق المقياس المستخدم تبعا للخبرة والتي تعتبر مؤشراً واضحا على اختلاف الفلسفات في التدريس والتدريب والنشاط الرياضي.

Acquisition of Good Constitution of LMD New System in Sport and Physical Institutions; A Comparison Study between Wahran and Mustghanim Universities

Atta Allah Ahmed; Bin.D.Mohammed Nasruldin; Mushaiysh Ali

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 129-143
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5982

Abstract
The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research set out a new system and a new skeleton in planning for education on the level of university in all specializations, depending on what is called LMD system i.e. License, Master and Doctorate which gave the constitution a step forward and a different vision from what was in the past aiming at improving the quality of education in various stages and insuring competence in work market. So it made up what is called demonstrations of constitution according to needs and necessities. Sport and physical education was amongst the specializations which gained benefits from these demonstrations and proceeded to work according to the new system (the LMD) on the level of Algeria, and since 2004 it has opened a branch for constitution in physical education field, sport training, and adapted kinematic activity in the University of Abdulhameed Bin Badees Mustghanim which is a pioneering university in this specialization on the national level, and now it is applied on the level of Doctorate.
This leap needs an evaluating objective pause for the sake of identifying points of weakness in order to avoid them and strength points then to support them depending on criteria that are agreed at which let us recognize the quality of education in sport and physical education institutes. Therefore, the current study comes and is to be applied and restricted on students of sport, physical education and sport training as a primary stage and all what relates to this matter concerning text books, selection, finance of constitution, how much these students are able to learn, their motivation toward education … etc, all is achieved by asking the following question:
Is constitution in sport and physical education within the new system of LMD meets the needs of Total Quality?

Analysis study for level of the therapeutic and rehabilitative knowledge and its relationship to the scientific achievement for students of the college of sport Education

Muneeb.A. Fathi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 144-154
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5977

الملخص
هدف هذا البحث إلى معرفة مستوى المعرفة العلاجية والتأهيلية المكتسبة لدى عينة من الطلبة اللذين درسوا مادة الطب الرياضي في السنة الدراسية الثالثة، وكذلك التعرف على العلاقة بين هذا المستوى والدرجة النهائية للتحصيل العلمي لمادة الطب الرياضي لديهم. شملت عينة الدراسة (128) طالباً من كلا الجنسين وفي السنة الدراسية الرابعة، وقد تم إستخدام الاستبيان كأداة لجمع البيانات وتضمن عدد من الاسئلة العلمية في مجال العلاج والتأهيل وهي ذات مواقف تتطلب إجابات علمية يختارها الطالب بالاعتماد على ما إكتسبه من معرفة وثقافة في هذا المجال.وبعد جمع البيانات ومعالجتها إحصائياً، إستنتجت الدراسة وجود إكتساب إيجابي للمعرفة العلاجية والتأهيلية لدى عينة الدراسة وبمستويات مختلفة والعدد الاكثر في توزيع العينة على المستويات كان بحسب الترتيب ( متوسط، مقبول، جيد ) وكذلك ظهر إرتباط معنوي بين المعرفة العلاجية والتأهيلية والدرجة النهائية للتحصيل العلمي لديهم في مادة الطب الرياضي، وأوصت الدراسة إجراء قياس لمستوى المعرفة العلمية للطلبة في المجالات العلمية المختلفة.

Follow-Up Study of some Physical and Motor Abilities for Students of Early and Late School Grades

Jassim Alroomy; Omar N. Alsayge; Eskandar Salih

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 155-170
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.5985

The research aimed at being acquainted with the differences among some physical and motor abilities for students of early and late school grades in addition to the differences of physical and motor abilities between each class, beginning from third class, with next one.
The follow-up descriptive method was used. The sample included 200 students from the ALJANAEN primary school in the left bank of Mosul city and AHMED ABDULGHANI Primary school in the right bank. The sample represented the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth primary classes of the early and late school grades.
Specific tests of the physical and motor abilities were used such as single leap of both legs with distance of 10 meters for measuring the power of leg muscles, zigzag run for measuring the agility, sit and reach for measuring the flexibility of spine and posterior leg muscles. And the numbered circles for measuring coordination.
Arithmetic mean, standard deviation, Person’s coefficient correlation, percentage, and (T) test of the two independent samples were used for processing data statistically.
The research concluded the following:
1. The students of the late school grade had improved compared with the early one in test of single leap of both legs with distance of 10 meters for measuring the power of leg muscles and test sit and reach of flexibility.
2. There were no improvement differences between the two grades in other abilities such as locomotive speed, left leg power, agility and coordination
3. There were no improvement differences between each class, beginning from third class, with next one in all physical and motor abilities in question

The effect of using flexible groups strategic learning of over hand and forearm passes skills techniques in volley ball

Laith Mohammad Dawoud Al-Banna

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 171-182
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.163149

 
The research aims at reveling the effect of using flexible groups strategic learning of over hand and forearm passes skills techniques in volley ball The researcher has suggested that there is no statistical differences between the results of learning the over hand and forearmpassesskillstechniquesinvolleyball.                                                                                The sample of research composed second year students in the physical education college mosul university. Two groups randomly were chosen to represented experimental and control groups. The researcher used the design of two equivalent randomly selected groups with pre-post test and vigorous control. The experiment took six learning units three for each one. data were analyzed statistically bay used mean ,standard deviation and (t) test, the researcher has concluded the following :
The flexible groups strategic can be used in learning the over hand and forearm passes skills techniques in volley ball in the physical education college lesson .
Using of flexible groups strategic achieved best learning of over hand and forearm passes skills techniques in volley ball, and the researcher recommended to use flexible groups strategic learning of over hand and forearm passes skills techniques in volley ball.
 
 

The Effect of Using balls of different weights and sizes on passing and shooting accuracy of juniors Football Players

Ismaeel Abduljabbar; Ahmad Sabah; Idham Salih Mahmo

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 183-199
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.163150

The study aims at showing:
- The effect of using balls of different weights and sizes on passing and shooting accuracy for the three experimental groups.
- The significance of the statistical differences in passing and shooting accuracy among the three experimental groups in the post test.
The experimental method has been used in the study, the groups has been deliberately chosen, it consists of 24 players who were randomly divided into three experimental groups.
The first procedure was a questionnaire to determine the skill test, the second procedure was choosing three exercises for each skill under investigation, then the training program was decided, three pilot study were conducted.
Pre- skill tests were conducted in one day, and then the training program was carried out, post- skill tests were conducted after finishing the training program, the results were extracted statistically by using(spss).
Conclusions:
- the three experimental groups have done a good progress in all skills in favor of the post test.            
- the three experimental groups have done no good progress in all skills when comparing the results of the post test.
Recommendations:
- football coaches should use tools similar to the performance in order to give the players enough time to feel the tool and carry out other skills.
- It is necessary to adopt similar training programs to under 19 years and adult players to improve the skills under investigation.
 
 

"The effect of using different training distances of speed endurance on a number of physical attributes in 200m run"

I’nad Jarjees; Omar Jasim

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 200-227
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.163151

 
The research aims at revealing the following:                              
1.3.1 The effect of using training distances less than the race distance for speed endurance on a number of physical attributes in 200m run in both pre and post tests.
1.3.2. The effect of using training distances longer than the race distance for speed endurance on a number of physical attributes in 200m run in both pre and post tests.
1.3.3. The effect of using mixed training distances (both training distances) for speed endurance on a number of physical attributes in 200m run in both pre and post tests.
1.3.4. The significance of statistical differences for speed endurance on a number of physical attributes in 200m run between the three experimental groups in post-tests.The two researchers have applied the experimental methodology for its convenience with the nature of the research. The research has been performed on a sample consisted of (18) students aged between (20-23) and was divided into three groups in the amount of (6) subjects for each group.Equivalence and consistency among the three training groups regarding the variables of the research were achieved. The procedures of the research have included the designing of three training courses. Group one has implemented the course designed for training distances less than the race distance, while group two has implemented the course designed for training distances longer than the race distance and group three has implemented the course designed for the mixed training distances (both training distances).Anumberof explorative experiments have been conducted.
The two researchers have attained a number of conclusions; the most important of which are as follows:
- Experimental group one was superior to groups one and three in a number of physical attributes such as ( the explosive force of legs’ muscles, speed-differentiated force of the legs’ muscles and maximum speed).
- Experimental group two was superior to groups two and three in a number of physical attributes such as ( speed endurance and force endurance.
- Experimental group three was superior to group two in a number of physical attributes such as ( the explosive force of legs’ muscles, speed-differentiated force of the legs’ muscles and maximum speed), while the same group was superior to group two in a number of physical attributes such as ( speed endurance and force endurance of the legs’ muscles.   
 A number of recommendations have been presented as follows:
- Urging trainers of track and fields games on employing training distances less than the race distance in developing speed endurance and other physical attributes such as ( the explosive force of legs’ muscles, speed-differentiated force of the legs’ muscles and maximum speed) particularly when the time interval assigned for the runner is limited before joining the contest owing to the effectiveness of such distances in promoting physical level.
- The necessity for urging trainers of track and fields on using training distances longer than the race distance in developing a number of physical attributes such as ( speed endurance and force endurance of legs’ muscles).
- Urging trainers of track and fields games on employing mixed training distances (both training distances) in developing speed endurance and other physical attributes such as ( the explosive force of legs’ muscles, speed-differentiated force of the legs’ muscles and maximum speed).
 

Analysis of the relationship between some biokinematics variables of hand palm from inside and above water with the length of hand palm in the 25 m butterfly swimming

Falah Hamo; Hasan Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 228-243
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.163152

 
The research aimed at :

Recognizing the values of some biokinematics variables of hand palm from inside water in the  25 m butterfly swimming .
Recognizing the values of some biokinematics variables of hand palm from above water in the  25 m butterfly swimming .
Recognizing the values of some anthropometric measurement .
Finding the relationship between the values of some biokinematics  variables of the hand palm from inside and above water with the length of the hand palm in the 25 m butterfly swimming .

The descriptive method was used . the sample included ( 5 ) swimmers of the senior group of Nineveh team . the technical scientific observation , analysis and measurements were used as means to collect the data and then to obtain some of the biokinematics variables values and some anthropometric measurements values , to achieve the technical scientific observation accurately , the videography was used . the study included a number of biokinematics variables of the hand palm and anthropoetric measurements . the data have been processed statistically by using the mean , standard deviation and simple correlation .
the researchers concluded the following :
1 – There were no significant correlations between biokinematics variables values of hand palm from above water and the length of the hand palm values .
2 – There were no significant correlations between biokinematics variables values of hand palm from inside water and the length of the hand palm values .
 The researchers recommended some recommendations to be utilized in the learning and coaching to get the best performance 

Constructing shooting accuracy test from knee level for handball players of the Northern Region clubs

saad al.wazan

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 244-254
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.163157

The research aims at :
Constructing shooting accuracy test from knee level for handball players of the Northern Region clubs The researcher has adopted the descriptive approach with a survey method  for its convenience with the nature of the research .
 The research community has been represented by the young players of the northern region clubs(AL-Futwah,Serwan, Sulfa, Erbil, AL-Doz, and AL-Sulaimania)of handball for the sporting term 2010-2011 .Their number is (100) players .Whereas , the sample of construction has consisted of (42) players ,i.e. in a proportion of (42%) of the total research community .The researcher has used a questionnaire , test , and content analysis as a means of collecting data .
  The researcher has used the following statistical means :the arithmetic mean, the standard deviation , the percentage , the simple correlation coefficient  (Person) ,the standard degree , t-test for the independent samples ,the coefficient of Skewness, and the standard degree 6σ.
The researcher has concluded :
Obtaining the test of measuring the shooting accuracy from knee level for the handball players of the northern region clubs .
The researcher has recommended :
Adopting the obtained test to support the trainers in evaluating the level of their players on this kind shooting .
 

The impact of popular games in the development of some physical and motor abilities for students in fourth and fifth grade of primary aged (10-11) years "

Ahlam Aziz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 57, Pages 255-278
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2011.163160

Aim of the research to reveal the effect of games popular in the development of some physical and motor abilities for students in fourth grade and fifth primary aged (10-11) years and know the differences in the post-test among students two experimental groups I and II age (10-11) years in some physical abilities and mobility.And use the experimental method and its relevance to the nature of the research, the research sample was selected randomly from the fourth graders and fifth age (10-11) years from the School of the University Elementary School in the left coast of the city of Mosul,'s (159) pupils, The experimental group was the first fourth-grade pupils, while the second experimental group One was the fifth grade pupils, and the number of   respondents for both groups (40) pupils, (20) student of the first experimental group and (20) student of the second experimental group.                                                                                                                
         After making sure of the validity and reliability of the scale the obtaincd data was processed by using (arithmetic mean and standard deviation, and the simple Pearson correlation coefficient, t – test Act , the percentage), the researcher has reached the following conclusion:         
- The popular games have had a direct and significant effects in the development of physical and motor abilities for students in fourth grade and fifth primary ages (10-11) years and outperformed the experimental group II for students in fifth grade age (11) years when compared with the group the first experimental to fourth grade students of age (10) years in the development of some physical and motor abilities.