Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 15, Issue 52

Volume 15, Issue 52, Summer and Autumn 2009, Page 1-324


The effect of using cooperative structural strategy on acquiring some knowledgement skills and attitudes development Toward Football class

Feda A.Saleem

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 1-21
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6217

Aims of the study :
The Aims of this study was :
1. To identify the effect of using structural strategy on aspiring some knowledgement skills and attitudes development Toward Football class.
2. To differ between experimental group samples and control group samples of post test for some knowledgement skills and attitudes toward football class.
Hypothesis:
The study hypothesized the followings:
1. There is positive effect on using structural strategy and traditional style of post test for acquiring some skills and attitudes development toward football class.
2. There were significant differences between experimental group which used structural strategy and control group which used traditional style in post test of some knowledgement skills and attitudes development toward football class .
Procedures and methodology:
 The researcher used experimental methods
 A sample of (16) students randomly selected from first years of physical education college at the university of salahaddin.
The sample divided in to two groups , experimental and control group . The tools of the research were used as( motor skill such as control and shooting of both kinds ,long ,and short ) and achievement knowledge test and measurement of attitude toward university classes .
homogeneity and equivalent procedures were done to all the variables which has effective role in the research .The research was analyzed statistically by using (T.test ) for independent and related samples to get the results .
Result and recommendation
the basis of the analysis of the data , the following conclusion were presented:
1. the educational program according to structural strategy and traditional style on acquiring motor skill and attitudes development toward football class has efficiency .
the study was recommended use structural strategy which was best style than traditional in shooting achievement knowledge and attitudes toward football class

The activity of the Leading styles of some of captains of the Nineveh Sport Clubs and their Relationships with the organized struggle Leadership

Abdel_KaderKader AL-heyalee

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 22-52
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6224

Developing the nation lean greatly on the interest with the society and activity of its programmers.
In addition to its interest for achieving the maximum benefit of the human capacity.
The administration and education are the basis of validity and success of the human societies .As administration means working with persons by whom the aims are achieved kit has an important role to determine the employees, duties in their jobs by a wise and active leadership.
Accordingly ,the important role of the administration of the sport organization is manifested in the sense of their responsibilities .The administration staff first has to manage these struggles and then treated them in their early stages. Secondly , it has to prevent the struggles from being grown and thirdly, converting them from destructed struggles which involved selfish , aggressive , or destructed struggles through cooperating , wholeness , support and honest competition . this way will lead to positive results through consolidating the positive behaviors and avoiding negative behaviors before they have done or treated them before they have be grown.
The struggles phenomenon is regarded one of the behaviors that faced the administration of.
The sport organizations where the research aims at :
1- the activity of the sport leading styles of the administers of the sport clubs and branch sport unions.
2- The means of the organized struggle of the administered staff in the sport clubs of the Nineveh.
The research includes several respects some of human .It also includes the administers of the sport organization in Nineveh. The local respect was in centre of the sport organizations. The research includes same of the terms such as; the sport leadership, the leading style and treatment means .
The research procedures are in the third section were the researcher uses the descriptive system to be suited for nature of the research. The sample in chosen from the administers of the clubs , the sport unions and youth centers. In addition , the research tools which enabled the researcher to conclude his procedures such as, meeting and referendum besides , the validity and consistence .
The fourth section includes the findings which are resulted after making the analyses of the discrepancy and test .The researcher recommended with:
1- Opening training courses to increase the efficiency of the administers in the sporting clubs.
2- To Increasing of the administrative meetings and interviews among the administers of the sporting originations to exchange the experience.

The percentage contribution of physical Education lesson and team Training in Improving of skillful and physical Abilities from the point of view of physical education teacher

Tala Abdalah; Sawd Abdulmuhsn

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 53-70
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6221

The aims of the research are :-
1- Identify the percentage of participation of everyone who studies physical education and team training in developing physical abilities and skills from the point of view of physical education teacher.
2- Identify the number of teachers who wish to be teacher or trainer Where as، the hypothesis of the present paper includes team training rather than contributor of skillful and physical abilities improvement for organized games in secondary and intermediate schools.
And descriptive method with saucy style has bean used in this reseeds the research nature، while research sample includes ( 67 ) male and female lectures then the number of male ( 67 ) and female ( 31 )، they are from Nineveh Governorates distributed on Mosul eliminations.
Taliaferro and Hamdania While research tool is only used questionnaire sheet as a tool، and it distributed on male and female lectures for answering on sheet content percentage were used as a statistical means for analyzing research results and reaching to the results.
The important conclusions that the researchers were reached are the following :-
1- The number of hours which specified for physical education lesson and team training is not enough for in coming required aims in improving physical and skillful abilities of the students.
2- Team training more contributor in rate ( 52.77) in improving skillful and physical abilities in organized games، as lectures opinion in comparison with physical education lesson.


The important recommendations :-
1- Time of teaching of physical education lecturer can be ( 14 ) hours، and increasing team training hours to ( 8 ) hours weekly.
2- Motivating female lecturer in practicing team training، and training profession.

Determining the accurate shot of rifle and pistol shot by using discriminate analysis. (Applied study)

Aidaa Younis Murad

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 71-84
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6222

The interest increased in studies and researches in physical education field, for its importance in improving sport level generally, and the accurate shorting in Olympic weapon specifically, According to special actualities in shorting one of them is air weapons. The researcher used one style of statistical means for the distinctional analysis and choosing L.S.D. The comparison between their groups. For elongation the most important variations, Which have significant effect.
Discriminate analysis in specific groups or in many groups knowing the relatedness of any new vocabulary, Which is not.
Submitted to any classification of process. So, they can distinguish between the two cases, then the classification may be suitable for each case.

A Comparison Study For Psychological Burnout among Some Teachers in the College of Sport Education in the University Of Mosul

Zainy M.Haji Al Harqi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 85-106
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6227

Modern psychological studies are directed towards psychological health of teachers in general and the teachers of college of sport education specially.
The phenomenon Psychological Burnout among workers in the teaching professional has received prominent attention especially in the last few years and a large number of studies showed that teachers are most subjected to psychological burnout because they are subjected pressures which negatively affects their performance and their attitudes towards their students and to their work in general and leading that some quit their jobs in purse of other professions.
Stemming stated above, the importance of this study emerged for the teachers of sport education colleges and comparing them while the study problem is confined to find the differences among sport education teachers in three departments (Sport Science Dept. team Games Dept. and gamy Sports Dept.) Whom are subjected to a number of pressures that affect their daily activity thus their profession and leading to psychological burnout.
The aim of the study:
The study aimed to expound the differences in psychological burnout among teachers in the college of sport education in the departments of (Sport Science Dept. Group Games Dept. and Single Sports Dept).
The theoretical context of the study considered psychological burnout, the theories explaining it, the reasons behind it and the most prominent symptoms accompanying it in addition to a review of a number of studies that dealt with this subject.
The method used in study was the descriptive method appropriate to the nature of the study. The study sample consisted of (21) male and female teacher deliberately selected from the population of the study from the three departments representing (83) male and female teachers. The psychological burnout scale was adopted for the study while the statistical tools used were (Arithmetic Mean, Standard Deviation, and Percentage, Variance Analysis and, L.S.D test).
The most important results were as following:
1-The level of psychological burnout is high in general among the teachers in the three departments.
2-Significant differences have been shown to exist between Sport science department and group games department in favor for the later.
3-No Significant differences exists between Sport Science Dept and Single Sports Dept from one side and Group Games Dept. and Single Sports Dept. from the other as it didn’t reach significant levels.
4-The closeness in level of psychological burnout measured based on percentage.
The researcher recommended the following:
1- Establishing support for teachers in Sport education by providing the equipment and tools necessary for their work.
2- Providing immunity for all college and university teachers in addition to teachers in Sport education from persisting daily threats stemming from current security conditions.
3-Emphasize on methods of deterring students when crossing the lines with their teachers.
4-Emphasizing on providing equal opportunities for teachers to decrease the psychological burnout among them stemming from feelings of aggrievance
5- Emphasizing on strengthening social relations among teacher and higher entities in administration and to be open to their problems and attempt to solve them as much as possible.

constructiog a Social Intelligence seale for freshening Students in the College of Sports Education in Mosul University

Muayad Abdul-Razaq Al Hass; Ahmad Hazim Al Ta

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 107-154
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6226

The study aims at :
• Setting a social intelligence measure for freshman students in the college of sports education in Mosul university .
• Expounding the level of social intelligence measure for 1st grade students in the college of sports education in Mosul university .
• Establishing standards for freshman students in the college of sports education in Mosul university in the social intelligence measure .
The researchers used the descriptive method by the means of survey. The study population consisted of freshman students in the college of sports education in Mosul university consisting of (230) student in which (204) were males and (26) were females . The study sample was divided into a setting group (138) students representing (60%) of the sample and an implementation group of (92) students representing (40%) . The social intelligence measure prepared by the researchers was used as a mean for data acquisition and the setting of the measure included ( determining the measure axis , determining the method of formulating of measure items , expressing the items of each axis in its primary form ) besides, adopting scientific steps and in setting the measure in included ( content validity , face validity , validity of setting represented by ( statistical analysis of items ) using the method of two opposite groups , internal consistency and half-wise validity . The statistical means including : arithmetic mean , pattern, standard deviation , Carl Pearson curvature coefficient , simple correlation coefficient , hypothetic average of measure , and percentage .
The researchers concluded the following :
• constructing of a social intelligence measure scale freshman students in the college of sports education in Mosul university was achieved .
• freshman students in the college of sports education in Mosul university have positive social intelligence that motivates them and drives them to achieve the goals and aspirations and can be used in the field of sports .
• Standard levels for the study sample in the measure of social intelligence was achieved .

"A Suggested Method for Teaching English Descriptive Composition to First Year Students of the College of Physical Education in the University of Mosul"

Mafaz K. Hammoodi; Shatha H. Sadallah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 155-169
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6225

This investigation presents that most of the first year students of the College of Physical Education find it difficult to write a piece of composition. They can not express themselves in their writing, because they lack the ability to express their thoughts in English. The aim of this research is to improve the students' ability to handle the basic skills of writing good composition and to provide them with some knowledge of the features of a good composition. The researchers hypothesizes that the interference students of Arabic, which characterize the student performance, have a negative consequence on their final product. The procedure followed in this paper is based on asking 26 students to write descriptive compositions. After the test, the errors are identified, classified and analyzed statistically. The results indicate that the highest number of errors is in mechanics of writing, followed by sentence structure, and style.

The impact of using Blocked and Random scheduling practice styles in developing skill performance for the undominant leg for football players

Nawfel. F. Rashid

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 170-195
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6219

1. To explore the impact of using blocked and Random scheduling practice styles in developing the skill performance for the undominant leg for football players.
2. To compare in post-test the impact of using blocked and Random scheduling practice styles in developing the skill performance for the undominant leg for football players
- Experimental method was used to suit the nature of the study , sample of the study consisted of (24) players , which they represented the Karamles sport club players , which divided into two equal empirical groups, each group consisted of (12) players for each group , equivalent and homogeneous was done for the sample in variables of ( mass , length , age , some of motor and physical elements , some of basic skills in football.
- Program period was (5) weeks , (3) learning units in a week for each group , time for each unit was (90) minutes . The research used the tests and measurements as a tools for the research in pre-post skills tests.
- Data was treated statistically by using the { Arithmetic mean , standard deviation ,(T) test for the paired and unpaired samples } .
- The researcher concluded the following :-
1. The blocked and Random scheduling practice styles have normal effect in developing the skill performance for the undominant leg for football players hn Karamles club .
2. The Random scheduling practice styles was better than the blocked scheduling practice styles in developing the skill performance for the undominant leg for football players Karamles club.

Comparative Study for physical efficiency for the players Northern teams of handball in the lieght of the level achievement

Zainy M.Hajy; Nawfal M.M Al Hiyali

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 196-208
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6223

Physical condition considered one of the most important indecater which reflex the special ability of the player and contribute in. the development of Physical efficiency of the player and enable him to perform at his extant ,for these rezones Physical efficiency became very important to be studied with level of achievement for handball players .The problem of this research limited to study the effect of Physical efficiency in the level performance of players and their achievement level ,and also to Know how much coaches care about that in there training programs during competitive session.
This Study aim at :
1. Knowing the difference in Physical efficiency between youth players of Northern team of handball in the light of performance level.
2. Knowing the difference in Physical efficiency for the youth players of Northern team of handball in the lieght of performance.
Theorical part of this research included Physical efficiency and the level of achievement ,and previous studies Descriptive mothed has been used for its sutibilitey of the nature of this research .
The research conducted on the (40) players which represent the sampl of this study ,those player were intentionally choosen which they represent youth players of handball for Northern team in the championship of (2007) .The mean, standerd deviation ,anova one way and L.S.D were used as tool of this research.
The most important results were the following:
1. There were significant difference between Arbil team and both teams mosul and sulaimaniya for bertit of Arbil team.
2. There were no significcent difference in Physical efficiency Arbil team and Kirkuk.
3. The were significcent difference between the team of Kirkuk and Al- sulaimaniya for bertit of Kirkuk .
4. There were no significcent difference between mosul team and Al- sulaimaniya team.

The common philosophical attitudes for the teaching staff members in Physical Education College and the departments Physical Education in University of Mosul.

ALAA Abdullah Hussein

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 209-234
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6218

The paper aims the following:-
- The common philosophical attitudes for the teaching staff members from male and female in the College of Physical Education and the departments of physical education from the teaching subjects (practical theoretical) (theoretical, practical )
- The common philosophical attitudes for the teaching staff members from male and female in the college of physical education and the departments physical education from the years of employment (ten years, fifteen years, twenty years)
The researcher hypothesized that:-
- The common philosophical attitudes for the teaching staff members from male and female in the College of Physical Education and the departments Physical Education in the University of Mosul differs with the differences of teaching subjects(practical theoretical),(theoretical, practical ).
- The common philosophical attitudes for the teaching staff members from male and female in the College of Physical Education and the departments about Physical Education in the University of Mosul differs with the differences of employment years (ten years, fifteen years, twenty years)
- The number of the paper sample were (68) lecturers from both sex from the College of Physical Education and the departments of Physical Education in College.
Of Girls .
- And the departments of physical education in basic education college in the University of Mosul and their rate is about (100%) from the sample.
- The researcher used the scale of philosophical attitudes from (E. Zeigler, Ph.d) and Dr.Ameen AL-Kholi who produced it in to Arabic .The data are treated statically by using (Weight pereent , Correlation conclusions).

The Effect of Detraining and Retraining on Fencer’s Specific Physical and physiological Variables

Hewa Mohammad AL Sheeck; Ziyad Yaunis Al Saffa

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 235-288
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6220

The problem is determined by not knowing the effect of detraining and
(2 - 4 weeks) retraining on the values of the following specific physical and the physiological Variables:
1. The specific physical Variables: (Accuracy, Motor speed, Transitional speed , High speed force , Explosive Power Force).
2. The physiological parameters. ( Average of heart beat’s parameters, Average of breathing speed, The maximum quantity of oxygen consumed ).
The Aim of Research
1. Determining the effect of (2 – 4 weeks) detraining on some specific physical and physiological parameters.
2. Finding out the percentages of the decline some specific physical and the physiological parameters after (2 – 4 weeks) detraining.
3. Finding out the effect of retraining (2 – 4 weeks) on some specific and physiological parameters of fencers.
4. Finding out the percentages of the increase in some specific physical and physiological parameters after (2 – 4 weeks) retraining.
Procedures:
1. The experimental approach has been used.
2. The specimen consist of six male fencers of the College of Physical Education – University of Salahdin.
3. The subjects have taken a training course, after which they were tested to determine the level of the specific physical and physiological elements.
4. The subjects have detrained for two weeks and then they have been tested to determine the percentages of the declination of the specific physical and physiological parameters.
5. The subjects continued detraining for another two weeks and then they were tested to determine the percentages of the decrease of the specific physical and the physiological parameters.
6. The subjects have retrained for two weeks and then tested to determine the percentages of raising up the level of the specific physical and the physiological parameters.
7. The subjects continued training for another two weeks and then they were tested to determined the percentages of raising up the levels of the specific physical and physiological parameters.
8. Tests and measures have been used to collect the data.
9. Statistical means have been used to determine the percentages.
Conclusions:
1. The two – weeks detraining caused a significant declination in the specific physical fitness elements except for the transition speed.
2. The four – week detraining caused a significant declination in the all the specific physical elements.
3. The two – week detraining caused a significant declination in the average of heart beats and the maximum quantity of the oxygen consumed, but a unsignificant in the average of breathing speed.
4. The four – week detraining caused a significant declination in all the physiological parameters.
5. The decline percentages were greater after four – week detraining.
6. The two-week retraining is not enough to get the specific physical and physiological elements as they were before detraining, but the four-week retraining is enough.

Sport self- efficiency and its relation to level and Endurance of performance of same Gymnastics some apparatus for the students of physical Education college.

Haydar Gazi Ismaeel

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 289-210
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6216

The research aimed at being acquainted with:
1. The sport self – efficiency ,the level and the performance of apparatus (Rings, Horzontal Bar , paraller Bars)for third class students in College physical Education .
2. The relation ameng the sport self – efficiency ,the level and the performance of apparatus (Rings, Horzontal Bar،paraller Bars)for third class students in College physical Education .
The relation hypothesized the following:
1. There is a relation ameng the sport self – efficiency the level the performance of apparatus (Rings, Horzontal Bar , paraller Bars)for third class students in College physical Education .
The research concluded the fallowing :
1. the sport self – efficiency has a direct and positive relation to the level of student performance .
2. the sport self – efficiency has a direct and positive relation to the Endurance of student performance .
3. the level of performance had related positively to the Endurance of performance .
4. the student of class have positive level of Sport self- efficiency wchis move them to perform the movements better and with more notarization

"Investigating the Ability to Construct English Sentences by First Year Students of Physical Education College in the University of Mosul"

Shatha H. Sadallah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 52, Pages 311-324
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2009.6215

This paper investigates the ability of first year students in the College of Physical Education to construct English sentences. This is done by testing them during the lectures to write down all kinds of sentences correctly in order to help them to overcome the difficulties which they face when constructing such kind of sentences .
The aim of this study is to discover the ability of the students in constructing sentences.
The hypothesis of this paper is that the students do not have the ability to construct sentences. Therefore, they must know fundamental basic rules of grammar and be introduced to the elements of the sentences which are very necessary to make sentences.
The procedure followed in this study is to ask the students to write all kinds of the sentences in the classroom. At the end, the students take all the information about the kinds of the sentences, the test of recognition is made upon them. The result of the test indicates that the rate of writing wrong sentences is more than writing correct sentences.