Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 14, Issue 47

Volume 14, Issue 47, Winter and Spring 2009, Page 1-235


Degree of Attention Concentration and it Relationship with shooting Accuracy for the somial sport club in Football’

Farman Yousif Yousif

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 1-15
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6177

* The aim of the study was to know the degree of attention concentration and it relationship with shooting accuracy for the somial sport club in football.
* The researcher hypothesis that there was a significant statistical correlation between the degree of attention concentration and shooting accuracy for the Somial sport club in football.
* Descriptive method was used by correlation style to reach the objective of the study.
* Sample of the study consist of (20) players in the North of Iraq for the year 2007.
* The researcher used the degree of attention concentration test by the (Borden Anvemov). And shooting accuracy test in football as a tools of the study.
* Data was statistical treats by (Arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and simple correlation coefficient ) .
* The result of the study indicate that there was a significant correlation between in the degree of attention concentration and shooting accuracy for the players in football .
* Finally , the researcher put some recommendations for the benefit of the study.

A study of the Prize in Sport Games

Omar . S . Jarjees

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 16-32
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6181

Islam allowed awarding in sport games practiced in preparing to war which are utilized and have a good benefit in militancy to encourage Muslims to continue preparations in order to fight for Gods sake and regard what is spent from money as one of the militancy by money. But the Islamic religious figure, have agreed upon some sport games to which prizes are legally awarded although they haven't agreed upon some other games, the also haven’t agreed upon some other cases as to be awarded or not which will be discussed in which follows.
Before starting telling their views in this subject lets discuss the subject of the meaning of the prize awarded in playing and its forms and the legislation in sport games.

Effect of Aerobic or stress exercise in Response of Some Antioxidants Parameters in Blood Serum

Hadeel T. Younsi; Makee Mohammed Hamudate; Luay A. A. Al-Helaly

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 33-45
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6175

The study was conducted to show the effect of aerobic or stress exercise , in response of antioxidants in blood serum. The sample of the study included (8) Freshman students/ Physical Education College University of Mosul/ The procedures of research included a pre- and post- tests of (2400m) running and a after positive rest of walking with arms moving (front-up-behind and vice versa for) (5) minutes, upon some parameters in blood serum: Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Glutathione(GSH), Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Ceruloplasmin (Cp.). The results showed that there were significant differences in pre-test compared with post-test in Vitamin E, Glutathione, Malondialdehyde and Ceruloplasmin. Post-test has excelled. In pre-test and post recovery, there were significant differences in all parameters.Post Recovery has excelled. In post-test and post-recovery, the results showed significant differences in Vitamin C, Glutathione, Malondialdehyde for the benfit of post recovery.

Time management and relationship with locus of control for the teachers and games trainer in the physical education directorate

Aouday .C.Al-kwaz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 46-71
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6182

The research aims at determining:
1. Time management for the physical education teachers and games trainer of the physical education directorate.
2. The common locus of control among the physical education teachers and games trainer of the physical education directorate.
3. Relation between locus of control and time management for the physical education teachers and games trainer of the physical education directorate.
The descriptive method has been used, the sample included
( 24)games trainer and teacher of physical education .
Two methods have been adopted, first one to recognizing the time management for games trainer and teacher of physical education, and second to determine their locus of control after testing their validity and reliability.
The data were analysis statistically by using the percentage, Alpha coefficient, mean, and Pearson coefficient.
The researcher concluded the following:
1. Physical education teachers and games trainer of the physical education directorate do not have good time management ability.
2. The common locus of control among physical education teachers and games trainer of the physical education directorate is the internal locus of control.
3. There is negative significant relation between time management and locus of control.

Psychological performance from player point of view of fighting,individual and team games

Nibras AL morad; Moayed Hasso

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 72-93
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6185

This study aims at:
- identifying deference in psychological performance between theoretical means of scales and response sample on scales.
- identifying deference in psychological performance scale between basketball, swimmers, tai kwan do players.
The sample of the study was consisted of (29) players who play in Talafer,AL-mousl,AL- ftwoa clubs in games of basketball, swimming and taikwando,the data collected through psychological performance inventory was adapted from( James E. loehrs).
The study revealed the following results:
- the sample of study was suffer weakness in-self confidence, Negative energy, mental Imagery, positive energy, and situation control .
- the sample of study was distinguished by acceptable level motivation and attention control .
The researchers recommended the following:
- Emphasizing the coaches to participatein training programming to important psychological side when training programming preparations.

- Emphasizing the importance of psychological preparations with the use of modern methods under supervision of specialist in the field sport psychology .

Designing a Test to Measure the Speed and Accuracy of Circular Crescent Kick from Stance by Tai Kwan do Players for Various Categories

Mahmood Shuker Saleh; Waled Kaled

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 94-106
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6184

The researchers adopted the descriptive method which appropriate for the study and its objective for designing a test to measure the speed and accuracy of circular crescent kick from stance .
The sample consisted of 60 player (advanced, novice and amateurs). the statistical methods adopted by the study included ( the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, persons correlation coefficient analysis of variance ).
The study concluded the following :
• Designing a test to measure the speed and accuracy of circular crescent kick from stance by Tai Kwan Do players for various categories ( advanced , novice and amateurs and L.S.D).
• Determined face validity,inden validity and objectivity of the test.
The researchers recommended to adopting the test for evaluation of training of tai_Kwon-Do players.

Limitation of scores and Levels of battery standards for physical fitness(Surrey study on freshmen of physical education college ,university of salaaming

Thaair . A . Augustine

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 107-143
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6180

Purpose of the Study
1- To identify on standard scores of battery for physical fitness test for both girls and boys .
2- Limitation of scores and and levels of battery standard scores for physical fitness test of fresh men at the college physical education in the university of salaaming .
Methodology
1- A sample of (75) male students and (45) female students from college of physical education college ,university of salaaming were used as an in strumpet in this study (2006-2007).
2- Descriptive study was used in this study .
3- The study analyzed by using certain statistical methods .
Conclusions and recommendations
On the basis of analysis of the data ,the following conclusions were presented :
1- The study pointed out scores and levels of battery for physical fitness test for both boys and girls .
2- The study achieved of most of tests in the standards level
( medium) then (good) then (acceptance) and then (poor) level for boys .
3- The study achieved of most of tests of high level standard
( medium) ,(good), (poor) level for girls.
4- The study did not achieve any level of standard of (very good) .
The study recommended;
1- Scores and standard levels should be adopted for evaluation of physical fitness for boys.
2- Teaching physical fitness course should be evaluated for more development .

A Diagnosis Study for limiting the most Important Athletic Injuries of Knee and Ankle Joints for Students of Physical Education College

Muneeb A. Fathi; Younes I. Alrawi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 144-158
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6186

This study aimed at knowing the most important athletic injuries of knee and ankle joints for students of Physical Education College. The sample of study included the senior students ,Their ages were (21-24) years old.
The researchers used the questionnaire for getting the information about the cases of injuries and their types by the clinical test and X-ray photograph to know the type of injury. The researchers recorded total injuries and their types as well as the treatment of each injury at the end of study. The researchers used the percentage as a statistical mean for getting the results of study.
Conclusions of study:
1. The total injuries for knee joint were less than ankle joint.
2. The to tal percentage of injuries in the team games were more than the individual games.
3. The percentage of the ankle ligaments injuries were more than the percentage of the knee joint injuries.

The relation Ship between mental rhythmic Sycle and defending filed of free player in volleyball.

Azad .H. Qader

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 159-172
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6176

Important of the study:
The great concern in this study was to identify the relation ship between mental rhythmic sycle of which concentrating attention with defending on field of free player. The main problem of this study was, the free player did not have ability to function his mental efforts to serve the demanding skill . Also, some coaches did not put the vital rhythmic into consideration during competitions and trainning plans.
Aim of the study:
To identify the relation of rhythmic with defending on the field of free player for varsity volley ball of Iraqi universities.
Methodology
- A sample of university varsity players of volley ball were in this study (5)players of (7 universities) .
- The percentage of sample was (%71.43) .
- A descriptive study was used in this study.
- The study was applied during the period of 8/4 – 15/4/2006
- This study was conducted in the university of Salahaddin – Arbil.
Conclusion and Recommendations
On the basis of the analysis of the data, the following conclusions were presented:
1- The level of field defense for free player at the negative stage was unstable, due to, Bad readiness in the mental level.
2- Excellent results have been a chieved for the player in field defense skill at positive stage, due to high degree of concentrating attention.
The researcher recommended :
1- Mor emphasis on scheduling stages of rhythmic should be taken into considerationWhen limiting trainning program and tournaments of universities.
2- More emphasis on playing motivation at the positive stage should be taken Into consideration which will increase performance level and explanation of vital rhythmic concept for volley ball trainners into application.

Effect of using constructional preliminary and compound exercises in learning Technical performance by difficult parts style in shot-put Activity

MohammedAL-Hayane Assmer; Aqeel Hashim

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 173-201
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6183

The study aims at revealing the Effect of using constructional preliminary and compound exercises in learning Technical performance by difficult parts style in shot-put Activity, as well as , to reveal significance differences between the Effect of using constructional preliminary and compound exercises in learning Technical performance by difficult parts style in shot-put Activity .
Experimental method was used for its suitability in the study .Sample of the study consisted of (30) students , divided into three experimental groups, (10) students for each group , from the college of Basic Education , University of Mosul .
Equivalence was achieved among the three experimental groups. (24) Samples were constructed for the constructional , preliminary and compound exercises , which implemented in the preliminary part of the learning unit for (20) minutes . A Learning program consisted of (8) units for each group , which also constructed and implemental in the main part of the learning unit with (55) minutes to teach technical performance using difficult parts style in shot-put activity.
Interviews , questionnaire , tests and measurements technical scientific observation were used as means for collecting data , pre and post test was implemented by making each student implement three tries shot-put with camera to be presented by a video tape on the experts and referees to evaluate the technical performance in shot-put.
Arithmetic mean , standard deviation , multi-correlation coefficient , t.test , Anova one way , and L.S.D. test , were used as statistical means .
The researchers concluded the following:
1. Constructional , Preliminary and Compound exercises used in the three experimental groups have a positive effect on technical performance learning by difficult parts style in shot-put activity .
2. Compound exercises were more effective in technical performance learning in the study sample when comparing their marks in pre test with the two groups using constructional and preliminary exercises with significant differences for the benefit of compound exercises.
3. Preliminary exercises were more effective than constructional exercises with significant differences in technical performance learning when comparing their marks in pre test.

The best leader ship style of the Iraqi Universities trainers in team Handball for north Iraq

Asmeal Abuljabar Salah; Waleed Thenon Yousif; Nwfal .M.Mhamood

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 202-216
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6179

The study aims at identifying the preferred style of leadership by the Iraqi universities trainers in Team Handball, and how different these styles are. To achieve this aim, it has been assumed that there are no significant differences in the leadership styles of the trainers.
The sample consisted of 60 .players, whom they participate in the Iraq Universities Championship in Handball 2005 - 2006, twelve player from each university. The leading style list of sport trainers as the players perceived consisting of 55 items measures eight secondary dimensions of the trainers style, has been used. The data have been statistically proceed by using proposed mean and percentage It has been concluded that teem handball trainers have the best leading style, and the justice style was the last style used by these trainers.

A comparative study on some perceptional abilities (senso-motor) between players and Goal keepers in football

Nawfal F. Rasheed

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 47, Pages 217-235
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2008.6178

The purpose of the study was to know the differences on some perceptional abilities (senso-motor) between players and coal keepers in football.
- The researcher hypothesis that there were no significant differences on some perceptional abilities (senso-motor) between players and Goal keepers in football.
- Descriptive method by comparative study was used to suit the nature and the problem of the study.
- Sample of the study consisted of (30)players and Goal keepers, which represented the sport clubs in Nenava province, which divided into two groups, (15) for players and (15)for Goal keepers.
- The researcher used some tests to measure the perceptional abilities (senso-motor).
- Data was treated by (Arithmetic mean, standard deviation and "T " test ).
- The researcher of study indicated the following:-
1. There was no significant differences between players and Goal keepers on the special test for legs.
2. There were significant differences between players and Goal keepers on the special test for arms, for the benefit of Goal keepers.