Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 14, Issue 46

Volume 14, Issue 46, Winter and Spring 2007, Page 1-214

Evaluation of sport educational behavior of physical education students - university of mosul

Dhiya AL-Kayyat; Alaa Abdallh

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 1-29
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.5995

Aims of study:
Evaluating the sport educational behavior of physical education students.
Identifying the difference in the sport educational behavior concerning
The fields of educational sport- Identifying the difference in the behavior
Identifying the difference in the fields.
- The sample have a good behavior
- there are significant difference in the sport educational behavior
- within the sample in the fields of the sport activity
The researcher used the descriptive method. The researcher used the descriptive metho.the was conducted on the students of physical education collage class -(4).
The researcher used the a scale of sport- educational behavior as a research tool.
The researcher used T-test. simple person correlation coefficient. F-test .and L-S-D test.
Result: The sample have a good behavior
-there are significant difference in the sport educational behavior
-there are significant difference in the sport educational behavior.

Analytical study of movement of the lunge by the foil Weapon of the first player in germany

Obei Ramiz Abdulghany; Saddallah Abas Rashid; Ziyad Younis AL Safar

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 30-45
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.6003

The study aims at expounding some biomechanical variables for the executing the Lunge stabbing during competition.
The study sample consisted of one female player, the champion of Germany. The researchers adopted descriptive method, which is appropriate for the study. The data were collected using video capture and a computer. The researchers studied the complete recorded stream of the final competition in order to determine the most accurate stab performed by the player during the complete game. The lunge was studied using systems and programs designed for motor analysis and the results were analyzed and discussed according to the biomechanic ( kinematics ) perspective .
The researchers concluded that when the lunge is fast and abrupt it caches the opponents off guard and in the same time increases the player’s confidence for making an accurate touch.
This movement has and adverse effect on the knee angle, height of hip from ground the inclination of the trunk and angular velocity of knee joint. While the effect was proportioned with the horizontal displacement of ankle, angular velocity of hip joint and knee joint.
The researchers emphasized on the abruptness and speed of the lunge while lowering the hip joint and increasing the space between legs and also on the speed of inclination of trunk at the moment of the lunge in order to acquire horizontal velocity after the center of gravity leaves its base .

Effects of a suggested motor Education program on some of the growth of some motor fitness for pupils of first academic primary year

Talal Najim Niemi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 46-67
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.5996

Motor education is considered as a new concept . Reflect progressive sides of physical education programes , through depending up on the innate motor abilities permitted from the child's body , the essential motor which is ready to be determined it and dealt with .
The aim of this research is :-
- To reveal the effect of the suggested programs of motor education on the growth of some factors of motor fitness of primary first class pupils .
-To compaire between the effects of post test of motor education programs , and physical education traditional lesson in growth of some motor fitness factor .
The Researcher Hypothesis :-
The existed differences which have significance in pre and post test , for suggested programs in motor educational lesson , in growth of some motor fitness factors .
The experimental method that suite the nature of the research , the sample the research are (30) pupils from the pupils of the primary first class . while the tools of the research is based on the motor fitness tests , and motor education and the questioner . The procedure done in content validity in motor fitness tests and the programs is done about two educational units in a week for (8) weeks , suitable statistical treatment is used .
The most important conclusions and recommendation :-
- The suggested programs have posture effect in growth of some motor fitness factors to primary first class.
- The recommendation of the researcher is guiding the teachers of
physical education to use such programs which reflects the growth of motor fitness factor .

A Comparison Study in effect of using different helping devices on Some Biomechanic Variables of the Rotation and Movement on Pony Device for Amateurs.

Obei Ramiz Abdulghany; Saddallah Abas Rashid

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 68-90
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.6005

The study aims to expound some biomechanic variables of the rotation and movement on pony device for amateurs and comparing these moves among some of the most best players in the Fotowa sports Club in Ninevah and players of Irbill sport club, Through the observations of the players in these sport clubs especially on the pony device during teaching the rotation and movement performance and previous experience with the players of both sport clubs, the researchers decided that the subject sample consisted of the best four players in the Fotowa and Irbill sport clubs and they were deliberately selected and homogenized according to body mass, age, and training experience.
The researcher adopted the descriptive method which appropriate to the nature of the study and the data were collected through observation using a video capture device.The main experiment was carried out in Ninaveh and Irbill using the special statistic tools and research methodology for correlated samples the results were presented according the calculated statistical marks.
The researchers deducted after studying the results that significant differences in the favor of the AL-Fotowa club appeared in the height of the shoulder joint on the base of support and displacement of hip when supported on the right hand or the left hand in addition significant differences in favor for the Fotowa club in sholder angle and inclination of shoulder blade and hip angle.
The performance of the players of AL- Fotowa club is better than that for Erbill Club because of the accessory devices aiding in developing the technical performance of this club including the split support device in this club which is made in accordance to international standards (area larger than the one used in Irbil club).
Therefore, researcher recommended the use of aiding devices in training and that they are build and manufactured in accordance with international standards which help players to be ideal in their prefor mance.

A comparative study in the level of emotional arousal among the different play lines players for basket ball.

Sabah. G. Al-Heyaly; Isam. M. Alnahe; Zuhair Yahya

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 91-102
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.6000

The researeh Aimed at acquainted with:
1- The level of the emotional arousal among the different play lines players for basket ball.
2- the differences in the degree level of the emotional arousal
among the different play line players for basket ball.
- it was used the descrijlive method by survey style to reach the obgectives of study.
- the sample included(60) players representing the Iraqi universtyes
for basket ball in 2005-2006 season.
-the scale of emotional arousal was used, it consist(50) sections to measure the level degree. Of the emotional arousal of the players having achieved the validity and reliability for the instruments of the research. The data were processed statistically by using the ( mean, standard deviation, simple correlatian and one way anova, L.S.D).
- the results were as following.
- there was increase in the degree level of the emotioinal arousal according to the different play positions of the players in basket ball.
- there were significant differences in the degree level of the emotiond arousal in different play positions in basket ball.

Comparative Study of Means dealing with the treatment of A comparative Conflicts of Some of Erbil clubs Administratiers

Ozer Sahdi Ismahil

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 103-117
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.6001

Conflict is one of the behaviors facing the administrations in athletic organizations. The study aims at:
- Identifying means dealing with organizational conflict by the athletic teams administrations in Erbil.
- Comparing means of dealing with organization conflict among the athletic teams administrations in Erbil.
- Identifying the most familiar means in dealing with organizational conflict among athletic teams administrations in Erbil.
The study contains many fields including the human field dealing with some athletic teams administrations in Erbil. Section two contains some of the concepts including conflict, its levels and phases and means of dealing with conflict. In section three, the researcher used the descriptive approach and used questionnaire form to reach the study aims. The researcher some of the statistical means including variance analysis and the least significant difference. Many results were derived and the researcher made some recommendations to pay more attention for psychological, educational and administrative courses to make the manager more conceiving of the conflicts among players.

Time management in physical education directorate in the light of some personal variables of the members

Auday C.AL-Kwaz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 118-136
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.5998

The research aims at:
1. Recognizing time management for the members of the physical education directorate.
2. Recognizing the differences in time management among the members of the physical education directorate according the age, period of career, and the scientific degree.

The descriptive approach was used, the sample included (24) coaches and teacher of physical education (B.A, M.A, and PhD holders), in collecting the data adopting time management questionnaire for Merill.E .Douglass, Abed Bari Al Durra translated it, and addition it after verify there validity and reliability, The data were analyzed statistically by using the theoretical scope, analysis of variance, and testing lesser significant difference (L.S.D).
The researcher concluded the following:
1. Members of physical education directorate do not have good time management ability.
2. The existence of significant relation between members of physical education directorate in time management according to age, period of career and scientific degree.

Effects of a Therapeutic and Rehabilitative Program for Frozen Shoulder

Muneeb A. Fathi; Younes I. Alrawi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 137-155
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.6004

The mobility of joints is a very critical feature in the body since the lost of this feature or even a part of it needs more patience and stamina. This study aimed at setting a therapeutic and rehabilitative program for frozen shoulder in addition to be acquainted with the differences of the effects throughout the program. The sample included 12 patients, 9 males and 3 females, chosen intentionally. The injuries of the sample were different; which may be indirect as a result from a long bed-rest, due to organic disease or brain infarction, coronary heart disease or diabetes, or direct due to a dislocation of shoulder joint or fractures of the upper extreunity .
The program lasted 12 weeks including 72 therapeutic sessions divided into 6 sessions a week. The session started with deep heating by microwave for 15-20 minutes followed by the therapeutic exercises intervened by relaxation message.The statistical means used in treating the data which are average, standard divison and (F-test) of repeated measurments by using (SPSS) program version (11,5) .
Flexibility tests for the angles of injured shoulder joints which are adduction, abduction, hyperextension, and elevation as major movements of shoulder joint, that have shown there were significant differences between the pre, intermedial, and post tests.
The study recommended the following:
 Using the therapeutic program of the frozen shoulder injury and generalizes it on rehabilitation and therapy centers.
 Using the therapeutic means and linking between them with the rehabilitative process have a good results related to therapy of this injury in decreasing a great deal of pain.
 The importance of the psychological aspect while conducting the rehabilitative program in accordance with the acceptance, interaction, acclimatization, maintenance of patients throughout the therapy which will ensure the success of rehabilitative process
 Setting semilar programs but more effective in using other therapeutic means as the hydrotherapy or the electric motor exercise machines.. Etc.

The Relationship of Some Mascular Strength Aspects and its contribution ratio in the achievement of speed runNisreen Bahjat

Nisreen Bahjat

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 156-170
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.5999

The research aimed at realizing the relation ship between the achievement of speed run (30m & 80m) and some aspects of mascular strength such as; strength equation, explosive strength and speed distinguished strength. The researcher has applied the descriptive for its convenience with the nature of the research. Tests were used to obtain standard data, simple correlation coefficient and contribution ratio to obtain findings as follows :
1- A significant correlation has been proved between the achievement of (30 m run) legs’ explosive strength and arms’ speed-distinguished strength.
2- A significant correlation has been shown between (80 m. run), legs’ explosive strength, arms’ speed distinguished and strength of the abdomen.
3- No significant correlation has been found between 30 m. run achievement and strength endurance of the abdomen muscles.
4- Legs’ explosive has obtained the highest contribution rate % 47 followed by % 28 for the arms’ speed-distinguished strength %15 for the strength endurance of the abdomen muscles in 30 m. run achievement.
5- Legs’ explosive strength has obtained the highest rate % 40 followed by % 26 for the strength endurance of the abdomen muscles and % 21 for the arms’ speed-distinguished strength in 80m. run achievement.

A comparative study for some functional Variables before and after physical effort for handball players according to their playing positions.

Nawfal M. M. Al Hiyali

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 171-188
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.6006

Handball event, as other team events, is characterized by a variety of variables, which it requires. some of these variables are basic while other variables are complimentary. This distinction of variables led that the studies considered them separately expounding their effects either by comparison, analysis or through training programs.
The effects of these variables are interrelated and are reflected in the level of performance among players. Thus the importance of this study emerged as a requirement to study all these variables and attempting to expound their results.
The study problem is defined by the lack of consideration and focus on various playing positions through training sessions or preparation periods or there is a shortage in this field. This led to study these positions from the functional, physical, and skill variables point of view .
The study aimed at achieving the following:
1- Expounding the differences in some functional variables among handball players according to their positions .
The theoretical framework included the functional variables, physical components, basic skills and various players’ positions in handball in addition to the previous literature concerning the subject. The descriptive method was used because it is appropriate to the current study. The study was conducted on a sample of 20 advanced players deliberately selected from the Northern region form the premium teams tournament for the 2005/2006 playing season.
The researcher conducted two pilot studies. The first was carried out in January 23rd 2006 on a sample of four players for the purpose of control for all the variables in the study. The average mean, standard deviationt, analysis of variance and the least significant difference L.S.D were used as statistical methods.
The results concluded were as following
1- vital capacity, can be considered important and necessary indicators for evaluating the state of the individual player and the team in functional adaptations, thus preparing a program based on this adaptation.
2- The position of the wing player was the first in order concerning the vital capacity followed by the position of outside player.
The researcher recommended the following.
1- Depending upon all functional variables in evaluating the training conditions of the players for the individual player and the team.
2- Emphasizing that handball couches to pay ther attention in various playing positions each according to the nature of its performance.
3- It is necessary to adopt a group of tests and measurements for functional a, physical and skill variables for handball players

Evaluation units in the practical and theoretical education colleges, sports

Dhirghan .J. Al-Nueimi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 188-202
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.6002

The process of coordination and integration between the materials is an important process to ascertain the validity of the philosophy adopted in all educational materials on one hand, to make sure there is no conflict between the goals of various materials so that the adoption of article Demolished other article highlighted From this standpoint of the Ministry of Higher Education in the preparation of curricula for special education colleges, sports , And took a special award degrees each of the articles and scientific theory for the purpose of preparing cadres graduating properly prepared, and the fact that the curriculum was one of the most important pillars of the educational process is the right way to gain knowledge and science is the foundation on which to build the education to achieve the educational preparation of the future generation, From here spotlighted the importance of research in the identification marks for the practical and theoretical articles, analysis and assessment to identify the extent of their impact in the educational attainment of students of sports education colleges . The analysis and evaluation of a College of Education become a sports earner for the development of curriculum according to the clear and specific objectives and associated culture of sports, educational and rapid changes of which include identification of the school of practical and theory in the College of Education and Sports, through which we can identify the grade materials for practical and theoretical study of four years. . Researcher curriculum used in a descriptive analysis of the content adapted to the nature of the search. The use of content analysis and personal interview as a means of gathering information. The researcher concluded that the levels of theory highest degrees of practical theory and the number of units more than the number of units the process and recommended that the balance of modules and process materials with the theory.

The effect of anaerobic effort on hemoglobin and iron response in the blood serum

Hadeel Tarik Younis Al-Ta ai

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 46, Pages 203-214
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2007.5997

The effect of anaerobic effort on hemoglobin and iron response in the blood serum was studied by taking (10) students of physical education college, University of Mosul / first stage. The procedures of research included a pre- and post-test of 400m running and incompleted post-recovery test (3 minutes) upon the parameters in blood serum (hemoglobin, total iron building capacity (TIBC), serum free iron). The research showed that there was a response in total iron building capacity post-effort test comparing with pre- test. Also, the research showed a response serum iron and total iron building capacity post-recovery comparing with pre- and post-efforts test. But there is no response in hemoglobin.