Designing and Constructing Tests to measuring Some offensive skill-tests
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences,
2010, Volume 16, Issue 53, Pages 29-55
As Futsal is a new sport and through reviewing the literature written about the game and- as far as the researcher knows- no tests for measuring futsal basic skills are available. Thus; the research problem has emerged to establish a number of tests to measure certain skills of futsal game.
- Establishing a number of tests to measure certain basic skills for Futsal players.
The researcher has tackled –within the theoretical framework- the establishment of basic skill tests in futsal as well as discussing and displaying previous studies.
Within the research measures; the researcher has followed the survey descriptive methodology for its convenience with the nature of the research problem. This methodology-by such a technique- is considered one of those fact-finding methods that induce the required results for solving problems in a certain society.
Research population has included Futsal first-class players in the Iraqi tournament North region and the subjects have been chosen intentionally including the following clubs: Ninevah ,Alfutwa, Himreen, Suleimaniya, Azmar& Sirwan.
Actual number of subjects was (116) out of (149) representing (%77) of the research population, other players were excluded for reasons such as injury, absence and goalkeepers.
In order to attain the required data ; the researcher has applied several tools such as content analysis to determine Futsal basic skills. Skills demonstrated by analysis are: Shooting, dribbling, Passing, Stopping, corner Kick, side Kick, distopping, Dodging as well as other means for collecting data such as tests, questionnaire, interviews and scientific observation.
The researcher has employed the following statistical tools:
Person’s simple correlation coefficient
t-Test for independent samples
Chi-square test (goodness of fit)
The most prominent results attained by the researcher are as follows:
1. Tests were accepted as having met the scientific bases for good test, including validity reliability and objectivity.
- Passing the ball with the foot from dribbling for 30 sec.
- Shooting from movement on the overlapped divisions drawn inside the goal.
- Shooting from stable balls on six divisions.
- Shooting from movement.
- Shooting from movement for a ball coming from the controlling leg side.
- Shooting from movement for a ball coming from the back.
- Dribbling the ball around (5) stakes according to Barrow method.
- Dribbling the ball around (6) stakes with different dimensions back & forth.
- Side shoots on a curved goal
- Passing a ground ball by the foot from dribbling on a divided bench.
- Passing the ball by foot on the overlapped circles drawn on the wall from stable balls.
- Stifling ground ball by the feet from the movement position, then passing it towards the goals on both sides.
2. Unaccepted tests for obtaining less than %75 of specialists’ approval.
- Side shoots on 3 goals
- Dribbling the ball around 8 stakes with different dimensions back & forth.
- Dribbling the ball around an equilateral triangle.
- Scoring from stable balls
- Dribbling the ball
- Dribbling the ball around (9) stakes.
5. Approved test are distributed normally.
The research has presented a number of recommendations; the most important of which are as follows:
1. Adopting tests that meet the scientific bases include validity, invariability, and objectivity.
2. Circulating tests’ findings upon sport clubs that benefits from the research.
3. Performing similar researches on other topics.
4. Performing similar researches on other geographical areas.
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