Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Current Issue
Volume 22 Issue 70

Volume 22, Issue 70, Summer and Autumn 2019


Requirementsto the Application of Privatization in Iraqi Sports Clubs FromMembers of theirAdministration Point of View

oday ghanem alkawaz; Muhammad Abdulwahab Aziz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 22, Issue 70, Pages 1-13
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2019.163283

The aim of the research was to building ascale the requirements of implementing the privatization in the Iraqi sports clubs from the members of their administrative bodies point of view. The descriptive method was used, the sample consisted of (222) members of the administrative bodies in the sports clubs they had chosen randomly. A questionnaire was used to identify the requirements of privatization. In the statistical analysis of the data, the weighted mean and percentage were used. The main conclusions were the need to provide land for the establishment of sports facilities for clubs and grant club administrations the freedom to invest their facilities and provide government support And ensure the rights of all parties, workers, investors and adminstration in the clubs and provide suitable environment conducive to investment and prepare the public opinion to accept privatization and the structure of administrative systems  and provide various sources of  different income to support sports activities.

The Organization Power For The coaches of the ɪraqi Football Teams Futsal for The Iraqi Super League From Footballers Point of View

Ryad Ahmed Alashrifi; ThakerMahfooth al- Dulaimi

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 22, Issue 70, Pages 14-34
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2019.163284

The research aims to: -
1-      Building a Scale for the sources of the organization power for the coaches of the Futsal teams in the super Iraqi leagues .
2-      ɪdentifying the levels to the sources of the organization power for the Futsal teams coaches in the Iraqi super leagues from footballer point of views .
The description programme had been used by the survey method and it included two samples . The build and the final application ( 182 / 120 ) footballers in frequently fram the super Iraqi league teams and to got the data then built the gauge of the organization power to apply it in default of the scientific conditions on it . The data had been corrected by counting using the arithmetic and the standard deviation with the simple linkage by Getmans equalization and Alphakrunbakhs operator . The two investigator deduced many things as impartant :-
1-      Gauges ability of the organization power by the coaches which had built by the investingators of the Iraqi super leagues teams in futsal .                                                                                                                                                                                
2-      The coaches had very high level of the organization power and there is a contrast in using the sources of this power from footballers point of view and under these indicators :-                                                                                         
A-     The coaches had offered (( very high )) Levels in exploiting the Expert power .
B-     The coaches demonstrated (( very high )) Levels in their having the Referent power .
C-     The coaches had gotten (( very high )) Levels in acting the source of the legitimate power .
D-     The coaches had gotten (( high )) Levels in using Reward power .
E-      The coaches had used (( coercive power )) in (( Middle )) Levels .
The two investigators advised many tips :-
1-      The ability of depending on the gauges of the sitting education to evaluate the coaches organization power from the players point of views .
 

Stability of Attention and time of the Speed of kinetic response and their relationship to the performance and accuracy of the skill of the Blooking in Volleyball

Shamal Salahaddin Ahmed

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 22, Issue 70, Pages 35-54
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2019.163285

            The research aims to identify:
 - The relationship between the persistence of attention with both the performance and accuracy of the skill of the Blooking in volleyball.
- The relationship between the Speed of kinetic response with both the performance and accuracy of the skill of the Blooking in volleyball.
       The researcher used the descriptive approach with correlation style to suit the nature of the research. The research sample consisted of volleyball players of the category of applicants to (8) clubs of the Kurdistan Region participating in the co-existence championship, which was established Akad Sports Club for the season (2016-2017) , The number of(89) Represent(87.25%) of the original research community. The research sample was tested by (4) mental, physical and skill tests as means of gathering information to achieve the objectives of the research. So to handling results, the researcher used the following statistical means : (Percentage, mean, standard deviation, Sprain coefficient, simple Pearson's correlation coefficient).
Conclusions:
-There is a significant correlation between the persistence of attention with both the performance and accuracy of the skill of blooking in volleyball sample of the research.
- There is a significant correlation between the time of the Speed of kinetic response and the accuracy of the barrier of blooking in volleyball of the sample of the research.
-There is a non significant correlation between the time of the Speed of kinetic response and the performance of blooking in volleyball resistance the sample of the research.   
Recommendations:
- The need to focus on the application of scientific principles and foundations to develop the stability of attention and of the Speed of kinetic response in line with the requirements of performance and accuracy of the skill of blooking in volleyball.
- The trainers must be sure to give importance to their training in the stability of attention according to the specific performance of each skill of rejection in the ball in volleyball.
 - The need to confirm the speed of kinetic response that has a direct impact on the performance of skilled volleyball player according to their specializations.
 

Effectiveness of the of competitive style of learning teams with homogeneous and heterogeneous groups in the skillful achievement of some offensive skills in basketball

Silwan Khaled; Enas Ahmed

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 22, Issue 70, Pages 55-83
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2019.163286

The research aims to detect:
- Effectiveness of the competitive style of learning teams with heterogeneous and heterogeneous groups , and the usual method of skillful achievement of some basketball skills.
The researchers used the experimental approach to suit the nature of the research. The sample included (42) students of the first year in the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Mosul, 14 students for the first experimental group, 14 students for the second experimental group, (14) students for the control group. Parity between the two groups was carried out in the basic variables (age, height and mass) and some elements of fitness and skill.
The implementation of the educational program lasted 6 weeks from 25/2/2018 to 5/4/2018, 12 educational plans for the first experimental group, 12 educational plans for the second experimental group, 12 educational plans for the control group, And the duration of each educational plan (75) minutes, and after the completion of the program post-test  was conducted for the skillful achievement on 11/4/2018 .
The researchers used the following statistical means:
 To obtain the results of the current research, the researcher used the statistical bag (SPSS) using the following statistical means:
mean, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient Pearson, and the t-test of the unrelated samples.
- coefficient of easiness and difficulty, the coefficient of power excellence, Spearman equation.
- One-way analysis
In light of the results of the research and within its limits, the researchers reached the following conclusions:
1- Superiority of the two experimental groups that studied the competitive learning teams method for the homogeneous and heterogeneous groups on the controlling  group  that studied according to the normal method of post-skillful achievement and for the two experimental groups of some basketball skills.
2- The experimental groups were effective in the skillful achievement for some basketball skills and did not show a difference between the two experimental groups,
The researchers recommended a recommendation that is :
1- Emphasize en using the style of competitive science teams with homogeneous and heterogeneous groups in teaching basketball in the first year students .
The researchers suggested a proposal that is :
1- Necessity to introduce competition at the end of the educational unit because, it has a positive impact on the achievement of the skill of basketball for the students of the first year students .

Effectiveness of strength training by free weights and modern weight equipment in muscular strength, measurements, and body components of bodybuilders

Yasser Muneir AL-Bakal; Ali Salih

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 22, Issue 70, Pages 84-141
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2019.163287

        The research aims to reveal the following :
- preparing a training program for muscular strength of bodybuilders by the use of free weights and modern weight equipment training  .
- Effectiveness of training of strength by the use of free weights  on muscular strength aspects (maximum strength and strength durability) of arms , arms and chest ,back feet, and abdomen muscles endurance, and measurements and body components of bodybuilders between pre and post-tests of the first experimental group.
- Finding the effectiveness of training of strength by the use of modern weight machines on muscular strength aspects (maximum strength and strength durability) of arms , arms and chest, feet ,back and abdomen muscles endurance, measurements and body components of bodybuilders between pre and post tests of the second experimental group.
- Significance of differences between pre and post tests for the first and second groups on muscular strength aspects (maximum strength and strength durability) of arms , arms and chest, feet ,back and abdomen muscles endurance, measurements and body components of bodybuilders.
        The researchers used experimental approach as a suitable one for the research . The  study was conducted on (50) players of body.A sample of 20 subjects was selected intentionally after primary tests and conducting some body measurements . The sample was divided randomly into two experimental groups (each of 10 subjects) controlling each other. The first experimental group executes the training program of free weights, the second  experimental group executes the same  training program but with the use of modern training weight machines .Consistency ,objectivity and verification factors have been conducted for the tests used in the research .Then, homogeneity of test sample and equivalence between the two groups of the research are  done in the variable of (length, mass, time age and training age ) maximum strength (for arms muscles , arms and chest muscles ,back muscles ,legs muscles and abdomen muscles ).
        Experimental design of two groups that control each other has been used  . Pre-tests for two groups have been conducted and then the adopted training program has been executed in the research. The first group executed the training program using free weights where as the second one executed it using modern weight machines .
        The procedure of the research included designing a training program and offering it to specialists .It also, included conducting a questionnaire and determining frequencies and amounts of weights as well as periods of rest . Pre-tests were also conducted for physical variations ( maximum strength and strength durability ,measurements , body components represented by    perimeter ,skin curve thickness ,body density and percentage of fats , fat weight , and weight without fat and body mass).Then , the training program was executed, The training program took 9 weeks including 3 intermediate courses with 4 training sessions per week and a load of (1:2) in each intermediate session . Post-test then conducted after the execution of the program to calculate the differences between the two tests for each group separately, and comparing them in physical tests by using the same procedures adopted in tests and pre-tests.
The researchers reached the following conclusions :
-            The training programs of free weights and modern weight machines made a positive development in muscular strength aspects (maximum strength and strength durability) of arms, arms and chest, feet ,back and abdomen muscle.
The researchers recommened the following:
- Training by using free weights is recommended for those who want to get muscular hugeness.
 

The reasons for the riot in stadiums from the perspective of dministrators, coaches and referees point of view in the Iraqi football Premier League

Mohamed Thaker Salim; Abdulmouneam Hamran Namis

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 22, Issue 70, Pages 142-166
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2019.163288

community contains members of the administrative bodies and coaches of the clubs in the Iraqi Premier League for football and referees and the total number is (152).
 
The research procedures were implemented on them as a sample of the construction and some of them for application as well as the exploratory experiment, They were selected in a deliberate manner for the clubs and the overall quota for the referees. The construction sample reached (104) individuals representing (74.28%) of the sample of the presumed construction were randomly chosen, as for the sample of the application, it reached (48) individuals representing (80%) of the sample of the supposed application. They were chosen randomly, to achieve the research objectives, the researcher constructed a scale of the causes of the riot in the sports stadiums  from the administrators, referees , and coaches point of view in the Iraqi football Premier League. The scale consists of (49) paragraphs distributed over (8) dimensions, and the researcher used statistical means (spss) to obtain (the percentage, mean, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient (Pearson) and (T) tests for independent samples) The most prominent results were the construction of a measure of the causes of the riot in sports stadiums from the administrators, coaches and referees point of view of the Iraqi football Premier League.
 

The effectiveness of a proposed training curriculum using conditional training in a number of basic skills of youth players in handball

Othman Al-Bayati; Khalid Muhammad Salah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, Volume 22, Issue 70, Pages 167-189
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2019.163289

The research aims to discover the following:
- The Effectiveness of the training curriculum using conditional training in a number of basic skills of youth players handball.
- Differences in the number of basic skills between the experimental and control groups in the post-test.
 
  -  The experiment was used on a sample of the youth players of Al-Fatwa Sports Club in handball. They were chosen in a random way and divided randomly into two groups (experimental and control) and (10) players per group, The research included the design of a proposed training curriculum using conditional exercises applied to the experimental group, as well as conducting a number of exploratory experiments to determine the exercises used as well as the appropriate stress, as well as the appropriate repetitions and rest times for these exercises, and then the tribal technical tests were carried out, The experimental group carried out the exercise exercises using conditional exercises, while the control group carried out the curriculum prepared by the team coach. The experiment took 8 weeks during two intermediate sessions with 4 junior courses, Ripple movement load (3: 1), (3) training units per week, and then the researchers carried out the technical tests of the procedures and the same steps followed in the tribal tests. The researchers used the following statistical methods: (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, (T) for independent samples),
 
               The researchers reached the following conclusions:
- The proposed training curriculum using conditional training has led to the development of a number of basic skills by comparing the results of the tribal and remote tests of the experimental group.
- The curriculum prepared by the trainer led to the development of skill (scoring) by comparing the results of tribal and remote tests of the control group.
- The experimental group, which used the proposed training curriculum using conditional training, achieved a better development than the control group which used the curriculum prepared by the trainer in a number of basic skills in the research by comparing the results of the remote tests between the experimental and control groups.