Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Keywords : Arithmetic Mean


The Pioneering Role of the Fitness and Bodybuilding Halls in Mosul from the Viewpoint of its Visitors

Abd Ulslam Abbass; Khaled Mahmoud Aziz

Al-Rafidain Journal for Sports Sciences (RJSS), 2022, Volume 25, Issue 76, Pages 91-108
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2022.173591

The current research aims  to:
1-      Build an entrepreneurial trend in the halls of fitness and bodybuilding in the city of Mosul from the viewpoint of its visitors.
2-      Investigate the level of leadership in the halls of fitness and body building in the city of Mosul from the viewpoint of its Visitors.
       The researchers used the descriptive approach in its survey to suit the nature of the research, and the research community included (378) people who went to the halls of fitness and body building in the city of Mosul, which were numbered (70) halls distributed on the right sides of the city with (10) halls, and the left with (60) Halls, thus, the research sample included (27) halls for fitness and body building in the city of Mosul, which represented (38.57%) of the research community, and these halls are divided into (9) halls on the right side and (18) halls on the left side of the city of Mosul. The number of people returning to these halls according to the scientific conditions of stability was (378) people distributed over the pilot sample with (18) people and the building sample with (260) people and (68.78%) from the research sample in addition to (100) people for the sample application. And by (26.45%) of the research sample, With regard to the research tools, the researcher built a scale of pioneering orientation for fitness halls and bodybuilding in the city of Mosul according to four dimensions (creativity, risk-taking, proactive, and competitive). On the final research sample in order to obtain data that were statistically treated through the percentage, the arithmetic mean, the simple correlation coefficient, and (T) test for two independent samples.
The study concluded the following conclusions:
-          the level of entrepreneurship in the halls of fitness and bodybuilding in the city of Mosul ranged from medium to weak.
The researchers recommended the following:
1-      The departments of the halls of fitness and bodybuilding must adopt the pioneering approach in order to achieve the success for these halls.
2-      The necessity for hall administrations to develop them by updating the devices and tools used as well as the other aspects in the hall.
 

The Relationship of Some Basic Skills with the Motor Response Speed of Badminton Players

Ayad Ali Mahmoud

Al-Rafidain Journal for Sports Sciences (RJSS), 2022, Volume 25, Issue 76, Pages 52-64
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2022.173579

The research aims to identify the relationship of some basic skills with the motor response speed of badminton players of Mosul University. The research community consists of the (30) badminton players from the University of Mosul. The researcher used the following means to collect the data such as a form of recording the speed of response, and the results of the basic skills tests. The data were analyzed statistically using (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and simple correlation coefficient). The results showed a significant correlation between (motor response speed) and forehand, smash shots. The results also showed a non-significant correlation between (motor response speed), long high serve, short low serve and backhand shot. The researcher recommends emphasizing training badminton players on special exercises to develop the motor response speed, and conducting similar research and studies dealing with the rest of the special physical characteristics of badminton and its association with other basic skills and according to its importance to the game.