Keywords : Triple Jump
Relationship of Wait-Periods between attempts at approach speed and achievement for long jump and triple jump events, male and female, at the 2009 Berlin Championship
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences,
2021, Volume 24, Issue 73 syppl, Pages 87-105
Waite-Periods is a rehabilitation periods in sports training science, but in competitions, Waite-Periods between attempts depend on the number of players involved and the legal time available to perform the event, and this period may be lengthened or shortened based on the number of participants as well as other topics such as the arrangement of tools, for example. During Waite-Periods player can exposed to psychological and physical fitness. It can be summarized by the problem that our lack of appropriate assessment of the mandatory Waite-Periods between attempts that were not taken into consideration could be an appropriate reason when training players in developing their achievement.
The research aims to identify the time taken for Waite-Periods in the activities of long jump and triple jump for males and females, and the relation between some kinematic variables and achievement according to the Waite-Periods. The research hypotheses is, there is an inverse relation between the speed of the approaching and the length of Waite-Periods and achievement between one attempt and another in the activities of long jump and triple jump for males and females.
The research sample consisted of the recorded numbers of male and female participants in the long jump and triple jump events at the 2009 Berlin Track and Field Games. If the successful attempts, whose times are monitored from the documentation of the attempted start times for each player in the long jump, (15) attempts for males and (12) attempts for females, in the triple jump, (16) Male attempt and (19) female attempt.
The Waite-Periods calculated between the attempt and next attempt of the player.
The least time to Waite-Periods in the long jump between the attempts of the player, (male and female) ranged (10.37min. - 11.30min.). As for the biggest Waite-Periods between the attempted player (male and female) ranged (18.30min. - 21.04min.), it is noted that the Waite-Periods for males is higher than the female to average. As for the triple jump, it turns out that the minimum Waite-Periods between the attempts of the player (male and female) ranged (9.67min. - 14.20min.). As for the largest Waite-Periods between the attempted player (male and female) ranged (18.61min. - 19.34min.), it is noted that the Waite-Periods for the male is higher than the female to average.
The following was concluded:
There are large Waite-Periods that may reach more than (20 min) for the next attempt of the player himself
The difference in achievement between one attempt and another is not related to the Waite-Periods for the next attempt, as the achievement may decrease or increase.
The length of the Waite-Periods reversely affects the approach speed whenever we approach (11m. – 6m.), before the approaching plate for long jump in males.
The length of the Waite-Periods reversely affects the speed of approach whenever we get close to (6m, - 1m.) before the approach plate for triple jump in males.
In some individual cases, the Waite-Periods had a negative effect on achievement, at a rate of (61%) of the cases.
Effect of a Suggested Psychological Program on Developing Attention concentration and Academic Achievement for the Students of College of Sport Education in Triple Jump Activit
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences,
2014, Volume 20, Issue 65, Pages 315-342
The research aims at identifying :
- The effect of the psychological program in the post test for the experimental group on concentration of attention and academic achievement in triple jump.
- The differences between the experimental group and the control group in both tests of attention concentration of and academic achievement in triple jump.
The research sample included (38) second-year students / college of sport education / Mosul university ( 2013) . The sample is selected randomly . The researchers used the experimental methodology . The program application lasted (3) weeks as two training sessions per week.
The researcher used the statistical bag(spss) to process the data to obtain the arithmetic mean, standard deviation , and t-test.
After presenting and discussing results , the researchers obtained the following :
- The psychological skill program proved its positive effect on the psychological skill ,attention concentration of and academic achievement level in triple jump activity .
Establishing on the obtained results of the research , the researchers recommend the following :
- Stressing on using psychological skill program prepared by the researchers for its active role in improving the level of academic achievement in triple jumping activity .