Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Keywords : Sprint Trainings


Effects of Using Sprint Trainings by Aids, Resistance and both on some Physical Components and Performance of 100 meters Dash

an A. Jasim; Ayad M. Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2006, Volume 12, Issue 42, Pages 99-130
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2006.5990

Abstract

The research aims at being acquainted with effects of using sprint training by aids, resistance and both on some physical components and performance of (100) meters dash in addition to the significance in some physical components and performance of (100) meters dash among three methods. The equality among groups was achieved in variables of age, high, weight and some physical components such as maximal locomotive sprint, explosive strength of legs and strength in addition to the performance of 100 meters dash
The experimental methodology was used. The sample included (30) students of fifth class in Al-Rashid secondary school which represents (76%) of research society. The design of one group with pre and post tests was applied in addition to the C.R.D design to study the alternative effects among variables of research in factorial experiment (2x4).
The sample divided into (3) groups. The first one applied the sprint training by aids. The second one applied the sprint training by resistance. The third one applied the sprint training by aids and resistance.

The research concluded the following:
1- All programs achieved an improvement in physical components and performance of (100) meters dash.
2- The program of The third group applied the sprint training by aids and resistance achieved an improvement in maximal locomotive sprint and performance of (100) meters dash better than other groups.
3- The program of The third group applied the sprint training by aids and resistance achieved an improvement in the explosive strength of legs better than other groups. The second group came in the second order while the first group came in third order
4- The program of The third group applied the sprint training by aids and resistance achieved an improvement in the strength of legs in spite of there were no significant differences. The group applied the sprint training by resistance came in second order and the group applied the sprint training by aids came in third order.