Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Keywords : Mindfulness


Addressing the Effect of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction and Mindfulness Based Approaches in Sport Injury: A Systematic Review

Warhel Mohammed; Somruthai Poomsalood; Nykola S hroll-Lee

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2021, Volume 24, Issue 75, Pages 241-263
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2021.169826

The aim of this review was to determine the effect of mindfulness on the psychological demands of injured athletes following formal and informal mindfulness practice across seven major studies that were graded and summarized. As a result, this review will provide a comprehensive examination of MBSR's theoretical and practical application in the sport rehabilitation process. 
The scientific search was conducted via the Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL, to find research that had been published between (2011-2020). Using a combination of these groups of keywords, a manual search has also been supplemented. The first and second researcher extracted relevant data from the studies. As for the information on study design, study population, stress reduction measurement, duration of intervention, and results were extracted in a standardized form. 
The initial search yielded 240 articles. A total of nine studies were deemed applicable following application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Most studies in this review used quantitative methods and two studies used mixed approaches. One study used both quantitative and qualitative methods, whilst another study used both experimental and quantitative methods. They assessed both pain tolerance and the perception of pain in injured athletes during a Cold Pressor Test. The rest of the studies were descriptive and most of the studies applied MBSR techniques or other mindfulness-based approaches with injured athletes. One study used a cross-sectional study design. There was a mix of methodology designs that had been used by the researchers. 
This systematic review clarified a promising outcome to adapt MBSR into sport injury rehabilitation. This is through formal and informal mindfulness practice by practitioners. MBSR is not only used with clinical populations, but also with non-clinical populations. Thus, the integration of MBSR and MBA into sport therapy would create a valuable understanding regarding mindfulness practice in sport, in both theoretical and practical knowledge.
 

mindfulness of students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul

Manhal Khattab Sultan; Ismael Abdaljabar Salih; Mahmood Al Badrani

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 72, Pages 217-228
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.167147

The research aims to Identify the differences in mindfulness between students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul .The Researchers assumed that There is no significant differences in the degree of mindfulness between students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul.
 
       The researchers used the descriptive method with the relational survey method for its suitability and the nature of the present research. The research community included students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul, for the academic year (2018-2019) distributed to the colleges of the University of Mosul and the number (23). The research sample included students practicing and not practicing sports in the colleges of the University of Mosul, who are (250) players who were chosen randomly and to measure mental alertness in the research sample, the researchers adopted a measure of mindfulness among university students (Abdullah, 2013),.The researchers used the necessary scientific foundations Interferometers adapt to suit the nature of the current study population, and the researchers used a range of statistical methods.
The researchers concluded the following:  
- Mosul University students generally have a good Degree of mindfulness.
- The practice of sports activity is a slight change that did not reach the level of significant  in raising mindfulness when comparing students practitioners and non-practitioners, according to the results of the research.
 
The researchers have recommended the following:
- Paying attention to developing the mental capabilities of students who are practicing and not practicing sports activity at the University of Mosul, as they are an important nucleus in society, by working to stimulate the process of scientific research in such areas.
- Knowing the factors that create and increase students' abilities in mindfulness and generate students a kind of complete awareness and awareness