Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Author : Hasan, Aryan


Effect of (Direct & indirect) Mental Training styles Accompanied With the Scheduling Practice of random in Learning & Retention Some Basic Offensive Skills in Basketball

Aryan Hasan; Hamid .M.Bilbas; Mohammed Assmar

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2010, Volume 16, Issue 55, Pages 30-53
DOI: 10.33899/rajsport.2010.6123

Abstract
The study aims at revealing the following:
1-The effect of (direct &indirect) mental training accompanied with the scheduling of random practice in learning some basic offensive skills in Basketball.
2-the differences in the result of post – test between research groups in learning some basic offensive skills in basketball
3-The differences in the arithmetic means between research groups in the retention test of some basic offensive skills in basketball.
The researchers has applied the empirical method for its suitability with the nature of the research. Researchers subjects consisted of (20) students from the first stage in the College of Physical Education - Salahaddin University, Erbil, for the academic year 2008-2009. They were divided equally into two groups each of which consisting of (10) students. The teaching methods were distributed to the two groups under discussion by lot and as follows:
• The first empirical group has used (indirect) mental training accompanied with the scheduling of random practice.
• The second empirical group has used (direct) mental training accompanied with the scheduling of random practice.
Equivalence between the two groups was attained in the variables of (, intelligence, concentration, athletic mental visualization, motor perception, some physical and motor elements of fitness, and some basic offensive skills in basketball). The researcher has further made use of interviews, questionnaire, testing, and measuring as means for collecting data to attain the researchs aims.
The two educational programs consisted of (24) educational units in as much as of 12 educational units for each group, divided into (6) weeks two educational units for each week. The time of each educational unit is (90) minutes.
The educational programs were applied to the two groups on Wednesdays and Fridays of each week as from 27/01/2009 and for 6 weeks. The application of the educational programs ended on Saturday 05/03/2009.
The researcher has used the following statistical means: arithmetic mean, Standard deviation, T-test for two correlated and uncorrelated arithmetic means,
The researchers has attained a number of conclusions
1- The educational programs that applied mental training (direct and indirect) accompanied with the scheduling of random practice were of uneven affirmative effect on learning some basic offensive skills in Basketball for the First, stage students.
2- equivalence between first and second groups in skills (chest pass , quick pass , one hand pass above the shoulder , dribble change direction ,free pass , side shot ) in post test
3- The second empirical group that applied (direct) mental training accompanied with the scheduling of random practice surpassed the first empirical group in skill test (high dribble)
4- The first empirical group that applied (indirect) mental training accompanied with the scheduling of random practice surpassed the, second empirical group in skill test (shot while bouncing after dribble , lay-up under hand shot and lay up over hand shot .
5- The two empirical groups showed retention preference in the basic offensive skills in basketball in the following order:
- First empirical group: (mental training (indirect) + random practice). In skills (quick pass , one hand pass above the shoulder , free pass , shot while bouncing after dribble , lay-up under hand , shot and lay up over hand shot , side shot )
- second empirical group: (mental training (direct) + random practice).in skills (chest pass , high dribble , dribble with change direction)