Author : Ramiz Abdulghani, Obey
Biomechanics Analysis for the Open Forward and Open Backward Flips Performed by the Iraqi Gymnastic player Ehasn Zyad
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences,
2013, Volume 19, Issue 60, Pages 20-34
The study aims at expounding some of the biomechanics variables of the open forward and open backward flips performed by the Iraqi champion in gymnastic on the floor mat and determines which of the two moves is easiest in performance by the gymnasts The scope of the study included the human aspect represented by the Champion of Iraq in gymnastic who achieved the bronze medal in the Arab championship held in Egypt.The researcher used the descriptive method which appropriate to the nature of the study and the sample of the study was selected by the deliberate method which is the champion of Iraq (Ehasn Zyad) in gymnastic who achieved the bronze medal in the Arab championship held in Egypt. Data were collected by using scientific observation such as a video capture device (Sport Cam) with a speed of 250 frames/ second. The frames were captured from the right side of the player for each performance . The researcher used the software specialized in biomechanics analysis called (Maxtrack) combined with a program inevented by the researcher( Dr Abi Ramez and assistant lecturer Farah Tariq/ computer science college ) which called (Automatlab). The kinematical variables of the open forward and backward flips were displayed on one table to facilitate comparing the results and analysis.The results showed that the open backward flip is easier in performance than the open forward flip according to the biomechanics analysis. the researcher recommended that the results and variables for the two moves should be used by other researchers in other similar studies and conducting similar studies for other types on moves performed by the champions and finally, the trainers of youths and children players in the college of sports education should start with their training courses using the easy moves of the performance point of view which is the open backward flip followed by the training courses for the open forward flips while allocating it a longer training time.