Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

About Journal

Al-Rafidain Journal for Sports Sciences (RJSS) is an open-access, global and scientific Journal, Publishing under the license of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY). This Journal has been published twice a year by the college of physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mosul University (Mosul, Iraq) since January 1995. The iThEnticate program is used to prevent impersonation and to ensure authenticity of the search. The double blind resident review system is also used to ensure the quality of the publication. Al-Rafidain Journal for Sports Sciences (RJSS) publishes original research,...
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Journal Information

Publisher: College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences

Email:  alrafedinsj@uomosul.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr. Hashim Ahmed Sulaiman Al-Isa

Print ISSN: 1993-9345

Online ISSN: 2664-2514

Volume 23 (2020)
Issue 71
Volume 11 (2005)
Issue 39

Volume 23, Issue 71, Winter and Spring 2020, Page 1-227


A Comparative Study of the Effect of using E-Portfolio Enhancing Enrichment Activities and the Method of Formative Evaluation for the Students Of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences , University of Mosul

Dhyaa Qasim Al-khayat; Fadha’a Sultan

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 1-24
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164879

The aim of the research:
-Preparation of two educational programs, one of which is a component of the achievement file with enhanced enrichment activities, and a file of enhanced achievement in used manner.
-To detect the impact of the two educational programs in the formative calendar.
The two researchers assume:
-There were no statistically significant differences between the average grade of the students of the first experimental group which is studied according to the achievement file with the enrichment activities and the average grade of the second experimental group.
Use the experimental approach to suitability and the nature of the research. the research community is one of the third year students in the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at Universityof Mosul for the academic year (2017-2018). They are divided into six divisions (A, B, C, D, E and F) They were deliberately chosen.
The sample of the research was randomly selected and consisted of two units (C and D) and a total of (48). 22 students were excluded due to absence and postponed to the academic year. Or transferred them to another university. Two groups (C and D) were selected to represent the sample of the research, the number of students (26) students, which were divided into two experimental groups randomly, the first experimental group represented Division (C) of (26) students, which is studied according to the file enhanced achievement activities Enrichment,The second experimental group consisted of (d) the number of students (22) students, which is taught according to the enhanced achievement file in the method used, and equivalence was made in the following variables (test of multiple intelligences, achievement of the first semester) and adopted experimental design with equivalence groups and this requires two groups One was the first experimental group and the other was the second experimental group. Two models were prepared and presented to a group of experts and specialists in teaching methods to demonstrate the validity of the two models. The experiment, consisting of (12) weeks from 5/3/2018 to 21 / 5/2018), Formal evaluation tests were conducted after completion of each unit, and for the purpose of achieving the results, the statistical bag (SPSS) was used. Results showed that the first experimental group was superior to the second experimental group.
The results showed:
1 - Linking the achievement file with the enrichment activities made the students gain positive feedback on the formative assessment tests at the group level.
The recommendations came as below:
1 - Include the vocabulary planned for enrichment activities in practice commensurate with the capabilities of students, and meet the requirements of the curriculum.

Effect of scheduling distributed practice with different rest periods in achievement of some closed basic skills in basketball

Jassim Alroomy; Rayyan Samir Al – Sofaji

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 25-39
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164881

The aim of the research was to identify the effect of scheduling distributed practice with different rest periods in achievement of some closed basic skills in basketball. The researchers used the experimental approach to suit the nature of the research. The research community consisted of (193) students in the intermediate year (2016/2018) in the district of Al-Baladiyat. The sample was 48 students with a percentage of (24.87%) in four equal groups (12) students per group, The four research groups were equal in each of the variables (age, height, mass, some mental abilities, and a number of physical and motor elements that affect the learning of the achievement of some closed basic basketball skills) and used the (design of equal experimental groups with pre-testl and post-test) Means of data collection included interviews, questionnaire, tests, measurement and scientific observation. The educational program for the school was applied to the control group (the Instructor’s guide of Physical Education for the intermediate stage - Ministry of Education) and the educational programs for scheduling distributed practice were applied to the three experimental groups as following (scheduling distributed practice with a period equivalent to the period of performance),And (scheduling distributed practice with a slightly longer period than the performance period) for the second experimental group and the scheduling practice distributed more than the previous performance period of the third experimental group. Educational programs included (44) educational unit by (11) units for each group and at a rate of two units each week (except shooting which continued (3) educational units) and the duration of each educational unit (45 minutes)
The researchers found that the three educational programs to schedule practice distributed with different rest periods and the educational program of the control group (the school's educational program) positively affected the learning achievement of some closed basic skills in basketball.

A comparative study of test accurccy of chest handling and It is speed according to the variables of ball distance and its height

Ghazwan Hazem Younis

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 40-50
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.1970.164883

The researchers idea of conducting a correlation study in some physical measurements and personal characteristics of students of the faculty of basic education in physical education and sport science . The aim of the research is to find the correlation between some of the students in their physical .
-To identify the relationship of some physical measure ments to some personal characteristics of students of the faculty of physical education at the university.
The researcher used the descriptive method in the style of the relativistic relationship to suit the nature of the research . the sample of
The research was randomly selected from the students of the physical education and sport sciences department, of first year students (20 students). The researcher carried out the exploratory in visitation on students the main experiment on the sample of the study over two days on the first day take the physical , the date was processed by a program dropdown specialist
The following statistical : Methods were used; arithmetic mean' standard deviation' variance code ' and percentage low .
The study found that the modified test differed from the standard test used in the test of chest handling and speed the test Also showed the accuracy of the chest handling and its speed when performed in the usual two ways, and the second by equalizing the chances of the sample in the distance of the ball from the wall at the moment of starting and the height of this point and its deviation from the center of the test circuits and for the second test and modified

The effectiveness of a proposed training program for the development of teaching practices and creative evaluation of the male and female teacher of physical education

Ayad AL- ZubaidiLectur; Duraid Suhail

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 51-71
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164886

The objective of the research is to uncover the effectiveness of a proposed training program for the development of teaching practices and creative evaluation of physical education teachers. The researchers used the experimental method for its suitability and the nature of the research. The research community consists of teachers male and female of physical education in the schools of the Nineveh Regional Center for the academic year (2017 - 2018) male and female teachers of sports education in the left and right side of the city of Mosul. The sample included (48 male and female teachers (31) male and female teachers of the experimental group, and (17) male and female teachers of the same scientific qualification, taking into account the factor years of experienceAnd parity between the two groups in the variables of age in years, the service ) .
 
The training program included 9 theoretical and practical training modules distributed over three weeks and three training modules per week. Each training unit had two sessions. The training session lasted 90 minutes. The researchers also built a test of teaching practices and creative evaluation of the education lesson. Mathematical methods and the scientific steps to build the tests. The researchers prepared the training plans as well as the working papers of the cooperative groups. The researchers used the computer and the parents. The following statistical methods were used (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, Equivalent effect size).
 
The researchers concluded:
1. The experimental group is superior to the control group in the post-test.
2. The effectiveness of the training program in the development of teaching practices and creative evaluation of the male and female teachers of physical education through the values ​​of the effect of the calculated total score of the pivot of the test teaching practices and creative evaluation of teachers of physical education.
 
The researchers have put recommendations as follows:
1 . Adoption of the proposed training program for the development of creative teaching and evaluation practices.
2 . Adopting the test of creative teaching and evaluation practices

Building a physical test battery for primary school students aged 10-12 years for the city of Mosul

Ashraf Majid Hamid

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 72-93
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164887

The research aims at:
Building physical test battery (10-12 years) for the city of Mosul the researcher used the descriptive method in the method of surveying and interrelationships for their suitability and the nature of the research and its objectives. The research community included primary school students aged (10-12) years for the city of Mosul. The sample consisted of (220) students, The data collection process was then based on (21) physical variables as they were based on scientific sources and presented to specialists
The researcher used the statistical methods (arithmetic mean - standard deviation - percentage - torsion coefficient - simple correlation coefficient (Pearson) - the factor analysis of the basic components method )
Data were processed by using the SPSS system
The researcher conducted a factor analysis and concluded the factor analysis into six factors, four of which were accepted according to the conditions of acceptance of the worker, the first, second, fourth and fifth factors
It has been named and nominated for tests which represented the physical battery as follows:
The first factor is the physical accessibility of the 600 meter run-walk test
The second factor is the graceful force of testing a medical ball from standing
The fourth factor is the fitness test of winding running
Factor fifth speed test enemy 25 meters
The researcher has reached the following recommendations: - Using battery-derived variables to identify the physical level of primary school students for the purpose of evaluation or selection.

The relationship of some kinematic variables to different launch anglesIn improving the level of shot put

Nawaf Al-Obaidy; Marwan Jassim Mohammed; mamoun shehab

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 94-113
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164892

 
The goal of the research is identify:
1- values ​​of a number of kinematic variables in the main stage by throwing the weight in the way Glacier.
2- The relationship between the kinematic variables and the variation of  firing angle in the main stage by throwing the weight in the piston way .
 
       The researchers used the descriptive method in a relationship style to suit the objectives and nature of the research. The researchers selected the most prominent weightlifting students of the College of Physical Education and Mathematical Sciences / Mosul university for the academic year 2018 in the restricted, five-stroke method. firstty vertical lens of the camera was vertical on the ejaculation circle (90 cm), and the distance from the field of motion (4 meters) was either camera Secondry to visualize the gravity course, the lens height was above ground level (12.20 meters), and the first camera beside the left ejector vertical, as well as for the location of the second camera, which was the middle of the firing sector, and were intended to extract the kinetic variables of each ejector at the main stage by throwing the weight in a backlit way, the following programs were used to reach search results - ACD see 10 Photo Manager. Al - Hero soft program- AutoCAD2009 - MaxTrack program. - Paint program - statistical spss program to process data statistically.
 
A number of conclusions were reached, the most important of which are:
- The results of the study showed that there were significant correlations with (28.205%) of the total number of variables of the research sample which were 39 variables .
- When setting up a barrier and at different elevations, the variables (launch height, launch angle and instantaneous launch velocity) had an effective role in improving the level of performance of the euphrine effect of extrusion.
 
The researchers recommend a number of recommendations, including :
- Interest in developing the level of achievement effectively ejection of weight in the manner of O'Brien through video imaging to detect the weaknesses and imbalances of the technique of skill performance.

Building the self-esteem of Taekwondo players in Iraq

Mahmood Shukur Salih

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 114-132
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164893

 
The study aimed:
1- Building a self-assessment scale for the Taekwondo players in Iraq.
2-Creating standard levels of Taekwondo players in Iraq in the light of the self- assessment scale.
3-self-identification skills of Taekwondo players in Iraq.   
The research community is represented by the Taekwondo players  participating in the Iraqi championship for the sports season  2018, which are (178) players distributed in (18) clubs. The sample of the research consisted of those who were able to reach them and obtain their answers on the scales of the scale to be built. The number of (124) players from the (18) participating clubs was (64,24) of the total research community (178) The sample is divided in two samples of (60) players and (124) players.
The researcher used the necessary statistical means  in constructing the skill  level of the Iraqi players in Taekwondo .
The researcher concluded the following  : 
1- the self-assessment scale of Taekwondo players was built.
2- the standard levels of the self-assessment of the skills of Taekwondo players were found.
3. Most Taekwondo players are at the standard (average) level in the self-assessment  scale.          The researcher recommended to adopt the scale prepared in this research as  an indicator to measure the self-assessment of the skill of Taekwondo players.

The impact of a proposed educational program based on balance and motor compatibility in accurate performance of some basic skills of volleyball

Ahmed Hamed Al- Al-sweede; Ayhan Hussien salih Al-kikany

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 133-153
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164894

The research aims at:
1-To reveal the impact of an educational program based on the balance and compatibility of the motor accurate performance of some basic skills for students of the second Stage in the College of Physical Education and sports science volleyball.
2-Comparison in the test CRTs between the experimental groups and the officer in the development of compatibility and the kinetic equilibrium to learn some basic skills in volleyball for students of the second stage in  the College of Physical Education and sports science.
The theoretical framework included:
 learning, motor learning, kinetic equilibrium, motor compatibility and some basic volleyball skills, as well as a range of previous studies and benefit from them.
Research procedures:
the researchers used the experimental method to suit the nature of the research problem. The research society was chosen by the deliberate method of second year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / Mosul University for the academic year (2018 - 2019)  The sample of the study consisted of two groups (H, 5), which were randomly chosen by means of a lottery (56 students), which were distributed from  The lottery was divided into two groups (experimental and control), after a number of students were excluded for not being equal to Walt  Their mother with the rest of the sample totaling (32), and thus became the final number of members of the sample (24 students) and a percentage of (12%. 56) of the original community of males only, spread over two divisions at the rate of 12 students per division. And Parity between the two groups was carried out in the basic variables (age, height and mass) and some physical characteristics, motor abilities and some basic skills of volleyball. The implementation of the educational programme took 4 weeks for the period from 2019/3/26 to 2019/4/18, with 8 modules for the experimental group, 8 for the Tlaimih unit for the control group, the time of each education unit (90) minutes, and after the completion of the programme, the CRTs test was conducted for the selected skills  Dated 24-2019/4/25.
The researchers uses the following statistical means:
 to reach the current search results, the researchers used statistical pouch (SPSS), using the following methods: Arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, simple correlation coefficient pearson), multilink coefficient , Test (v) for two related accounts with equal number, and test (v) for two non-linked accounts with equal number.
In the light of the results of the research, the researchers reached the following conclusions:
1-the experimental group that carried out the exercise of balance and compatibility of the motor to the control group that implemented the curriculum of the CRTs test in accurate performance of some basic skills of volleyball for the students of the school year Second in the College of Physical Education and mathematical sciences.
2. The superiority of the experimental group and the female officer in the tribal and secondary tests and for the benefit of the later tests
The researchers recommended a number of recommendations, including:
- Confirm the use of balancing exercises and compatibility of motor in the curricula to benefit from the accurate performance of basic skills of volleyball for the students of the second school year in the College of Physical Education and sports Sciences.

Comparative analytical study of Some Biomechanical Variables of the Wall barrier of Stability and Motion in Volleyball

Mohamed Saad Hantoush

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 154-172
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164895

 
                        
The goal of the research is to identify the following:
1-Evaluate some of the biomechanical variables of the wall barrier skill of stability and motion in volleyball.
2-Differences in some biomechanical variables between the barrier wall skill of stability and motion in volleyball. The researcher hypothesized that there are differences of statistical significance in the values ​​of some biomechanical variables between the barrier wall skill of stability and motion in volleyball.
 
The researcher used the descriptive approach in the method of analysis and comparison to the relevance of the nature of the research. The researcher conducted the final field experiment on a sample of (5) advanced players representing the team of the University of Mosul volleyball، and were chosen in a deliberate way. The researcher used the technical scientific observation، the questionnaire، the measurement، the analysis and the test، as a means of collecting data to obtain the research variables under study.
The researcher also used the following programs in the analysis: 1 - MAX TRAQ 2 - ACD See
Statistical methods: arithmetic mean، standard deviation، T test of associated samples.
 
The researcher reached the following:
1-There are significant differences in the variable velocity of the corner of the body from the maximum flexion until the moment left the ground between the barrier wall of stability and motion and in favor of the barrier wall of the resistance of the motion.
 2-There are significant differences in the variable motor kinetic motion of Mtcj maximum of flexion until reaching the highest rise between the wall of the resistance of stability and motion and in favor of the wall of the resistance of the motion.
3-There are significant differences in the variables (total time، displacement and vertical speed of Mtkj، angular velocity of the knee joint، angular velocity of the trunk، vertical momentum، corner velocity of the hip joint  in favor of the wall of the motion.
 
The researcher recommended.
1- Emphasis on the main section of the motion, ie, the state of readiness and readiness and start to perform the wall of the correct form.
2 - Emphasis on the side step to prepare for the advancement because of the role of large in the player to get a vertical shift and thus get a vertical speed to enable it to reach the highest altitude.
 

Construct a Positive Thinking scale for Players of Some of Nineveh Governorate Teams Researcher

Ugla Suleiman Al-Houriokla; Mohammed Tawfiq Mohammed Abdullah

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 173-197
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164897

-         Theaime study to Constructa positive thinking scale for the players in some of Nineveh Governorate teams. The study use a descriptive approach  of correlational studies to fit the methodological nature of study. The research community consist of (33) players from some of the teams in Nineveh Governorate, the study sample consists  of  a Nineveh's league players  which are (334) players, the researchers use the following statistic method (Qi Square) , arithmetic mean, standard deviation, T-Test of two separate samples, Parison correlation coefficient, and one sample T-Test.
The  conclusions are :
1.Some of players characterized as a medium level of  positive thinking.
-          There is statistic correlation among positive thinking fields (positive flexibility, life satisfaction, self-confidence) for some of Nineveh's team players.
The researchers recommend the following :
- Adopt the positive thinking parameter within the limits of study population

The Effectiveness of UsingflippedclassroombyQuick Response Codes In Learning Someofskills In Artistic Gymnastics for men

Ayad saleh Salman; Suzan Dawood

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 198-209
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164902

The study aimed to prepare quick response codes to learn some of the technical skills of the second graders in the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. The experimental method was used in the design of the experimental and control experimental and control groups. The research sample was represented by second-graders in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / University of Baghdad, and by lot, the second division (a) was chosen to represent the experimental group that applied the inverse method using the QR code, and the second division (g) to represent the control group and applied the traditional method. (10) Students per group. After the tribal tests, his main experiment was carried out for 10 weeks with one instruction unit per week to learn the skill of jumping on a jumping platform and a motor chain on a parallel machine, a motor chain on the mind machine.
After the post-tests, the statistical basket of social sciences (spss) was used to process the research results, which included: arithmetic mean, standard deviation, t.test test of the corresponding samples, and t.test test of asymmetric samples, Conclusions: The inverse chapter using the QR code has proven to be effective in learning some of the technical skills of the gymnasium and has outstripped the conventional approach of the college despite the traditional method that has made progress in learning.





 

The effect of two styles of small side games in aerobic and anaerobic ability and the complex skill performance of youth soccer players

mohammed shakir ail; mahmood hamdoon younis; muayed mohammed aziz

Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences, 2020, Volume 23, Issue 71, Pages 210-227
DOI: 10.33899/rjss.2020.164903

The aims the research is to detection the effect of two style of small side game(floating player and without floating player) in the aerobic and anaerobic abilities and the complex skill performance young soccer players. The research used the experimental approach its suitability and nature of research , the experimental was carried out on a sample of the player of the samara soccer season (2017-2018 ) of (25 ) players .
 
they were randomly divided in two experimental groups (8) players  per group . the homogeneity of variables (age, height, mass ) was achieved ,and the parity between the two research groups was achieved in the variables under study.
 
 The experimental design has been adopted using two equal sets (experimental design with tight control ) with pre-test and post-test, the researchers used (arithmetic mean , standard deviation , torsion lap , T test for associated sample , and T test for independent samples ) as statistical mean .
 
the researchers concluded that the small side games using floating player carried out by the first experimental group developed in all variables by comparing the results of all the tribal and remote variable of the players of the first experimental group .
 
the second experimental group , which used small side  games without  the floating players , developed all variable by comparing the results of all the tribal and remote variables of the second experimental group ,the first experimental group achieved a better development than the second experimental group in the anaerobic ability variable and the composite skill performance by comparing the results of the dimensional variables between the experimental groups , while there was no deference  between the two groups in the aerobic ability variable by comparing results of the two group.       

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